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  Philippines - Wikipedia Philippines From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation , search 'Philippine' redirects here. For the town in the Netherlands, see Philippine, Netherlands . Coordinates : 13°N 122°E  /  13°N 122°E  / 13. 122 Republic of the Philippines Republika ng Pilipinas Flag Coat of arms Motto: ' Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa ' [1] 'For God, People, ... . 121.033 Official languages Filipino English Recognized regional languages 19 languages [2] Aklanon ... Maranao Pangasinan Sambal Surigaonon Tagalog Taūsug Waray Yakan National language Filipino Optional ... % others Religion 92% Christianity 5.57% Islam 2.43% others [4] Demonym Filipino ( masculine or neutral ... Piso (Filipino: [ˈpiso] ) (₱) ( PHP ) Time zone PST ( UTC +8) • Summer ( DST ) not observed ( UTC +8 ... and Arabic shall be promoted on a voluntary and optional basis.' [13] ^ Filipino revolutionaries CACHE

Philippines - Wikipedia Philippines From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation , search 'Philippine' redirects here. For the town in the Netherlands, see Philippine, Netherlands . Coordinates : 13°N 122°E  /  13°N 122°E  / 13. 122 Republic of the Philippines Republika ng Pilipinas Flag Coat of arms Motto: ' Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa ' [1] 'For God, People, Nature, and Country' Anthem: Lupang Hinirang Chosen Land Great Seal Dakilang Sagisag ng Pilipinas (Tagalog) Great Seal of the Philippines Capital Manila a 14°35′N 120°58′E  /  14.583°N 120.967°E  / 14.583. 120.967 Largest city Quezon City 14°38′N 121°02′E  /  14.633°N 121.033°E  / 14.633. 121.033 Official languages Filipino English Recognized regional languages 19 languages [2] Aklanon Central Bikol Cebuano Chavacano Hiligaynon Ibanag Ilocano Ivatan Kapampangan Kinaray-a Maguindanao Maranao Pangasinan Sambal Surigaonon Tagalog Taūsug Waray Yakan National language Filipino Optional languages b Spanish Arabic Ethnic groups (2010 [3] ) 33.8% Visayan 27.7% Tagalog 9.8% Ilocano 6.8% Bicolano 5.1% Moro 3.1% Kapampangan 1.7% Igorot 1.4% Pangasinense 1.2% Chinese 1.1% Zamboangueño 8.3% others Religion 92% Christianity 5.57% Islam 2.43% others [4] Demonym Filipino ( masculine or neutral ) Filipina ( feminine ) Pinoy ( colloquial masculine ) Pinay ( colloquial feminine ) Philippine ( English ) Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic • President Rodrigo Duterte • Vice President Leni Robredo • Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III • House Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez • Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno Legislature Congress • Upper house Senate • Lower house House of Representatives Formation of the republic e • Independence from Spain declared June 12, 1898 • Treaty of Paris (1898) / Spanish Cession c December 10, 1898 • Malolos Constitution / First Philippine Republic e January 21, 1899 • Tydings–McDuffie Act March 24, 1934 • Commonwealth of the Philippines May 14, 1935 • Treaty of Manila / Independence from United States d July 4, 1946 • Current constitution February 2, 1987 Area • Total 343,448 [5] km 2 (132,606 sq mi) ( 63rd ) • Water (%) 0.61 [6] (inland waters) • Land 341,353 [5] Population • 2015 census 100,981,437 [7] ( 12th ) • Density 294/km 2 (761.5/sq mi) ( 37th ) GDP ( PPP ) 2017 estimate • Total $873.966 billion [8] ( 29th ) • Per capita $8,223 [8] ( 118th ) GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate • Total $348.593 billion [8] ( 36th ) • Per capita $3,280 [8] ( 104th ) Gini (2012) 43.0 [9] medium · 44th HDI (2015) 0.682 [10] medium · 116th Currency Piso (Filipino: [ˈpiso] ) (₱) ( PHP ) Time zone PST ( UTC +8) • Summer ( DST ) not observed ( UTC +8) Date format mm-dd-yyyy dd-mm-yyyy ( AD ) Drives on the right [11] Calling code +63 ISO 3166 code PH Internet TLD .ph Website National Government Portal Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines ^ While Manila proper is designated as the nation's capital, the whole of National Capital Region (NCR) is designated as seat of government , hence the name of a region. This is because it has many national government institutions aside from Malacanang Palace and some agencies/institutions that are located within the capital city. [12] ^ The 1987 Philippine constitution specifies 'Spanish and Arabic shall be promoted on a voluntary and optional basis.' [13] ^ Filipino revolutionaries declared independence from Spain on June 12, 1898, but Spain ceded the islands to the United States for $20 million in the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898 which eventually led to the Philippine–American War . ^ The United States of America recognized the independence of the Philippines on July 4, 1946, through the Treaty of Manila . [14] This date was chosen because it corresponds to the U.S. Independence Day , which was observed in the Philippines as Independence Day until May 12, 1962, when President Diosdado Macapagal issued Presidential Proclamation No. 28, shifting it to June 12, the date of Emilio Aguinaldo 's proclamation. [15] ^ In accordance with article 11 of the Revolutionary Government Decree of June 23, 1898, the Malolos Congress selected a commission to draw up a draft constitution on September 17, 1898. The commission was composed of Hipólito Magsalin, Basilio Teodoro, José Albert, Joaquín González , Gregorio Araneta , Pablo Ocampo, Aguedo Velarde, Higinio Benitez, Tomás del Rosario , José Alejandrino , Alberto Barretto, José Ma. de la Viña, José Luna, Antonio Luna , Mariano Abella, Juan Manday, Felipe Calderón , Arsenio Cruz and Felipe Buencamino. [16] They were all wealthy and well educated. [17] The Philippines ( / ˈ f ɪ l ɪ p iː n z / ( listen ) . Filipino : Pilipinas [ˌpɪlɪˈpinɐs] or Filipinas [ˌfɪlɪˈpinɐs] ), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas ) [a] is a unitary sovereign state and island country in Southeast Asia . Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands [18] that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon , Visayas , and Mindanao . The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City , both part of Metro Manila . [19] Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south. The Philippines' location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes the Philippines prone to earthquakes and typhoons, but also endows it with abundant natural resources and some of the world's greatest biodiversity . The Philippines has an area of 343,448 square kilometers (132,606 sq mi) [5] and, as of 2015, had a population of approximately 101 million. [7] As of January 2018 [update] , it was the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. Approximately 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas , [20] comprising one of the world's largest diasporas . Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants. They were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples . [21] Exchanges with Chinese, Malay , Indian , and Islamic nations occurred. Then, various competing maritime states were established under the rule of Datus , Rajahs , Sultans or Lakans . The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in Homonhon , Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain . With the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi from Mexico City, in 1565, the first Hispanic settlement in the archipelago was established. [22] The Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. This resulted in Catholicism becoming the dominant religion. During this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons . [23] As the 19th century gave way to the 20th, the Philippine Revolution followed in quick succession, which then spawned the short-lived First Philippine Republic , followed by the bloody Philippine–American War . [24] Aside from the period of Japanese occupation , the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II , when the Philippines was recognized as an independent nation. Since then, the Philippines has often had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution . [25] It is a founding member of the United Nations , World Trade Organization , Association of Southeast Asian Nations , the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, and the East Asia Summit . It also hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank . [26] The Philippines is considered to be an emerging market and a newly industrialized country , [27] which has an economy transitioning from being one based on agriculture to one based more on services and manufacturing. [28] It is one of the only two predominantly Christian nations in Southeast Asia , the other being East Timor . Contents 1 Etymology 2 History 2.1 Prehistory 2.2 Precolonial epoch 2.2.1 Early historic coastal polities 2.3 Colonial era 2.3.1 Spanish rule 2.3.2 American rule 2.3.3 Japanese rule 2.4 Postcolonial period 2.5 Contemporary history 3 Politics 3.1 Foreign relations 3.2 Military 3.3 Administrative divisions 3.3.1 Administrative regions 4 Geography 4.1 Biodiversity 4.2 Climate 5 Economy 5.1 Transportation 5.2 Science and technology 5.3 Communications 5.4 Tourism 5.5 Water supply and sanitation 6 Demographics 6.1 Cities 6.2 Ethnic groups 6.3 Languages 6.4 Religion 7 Health 8 Education 9 Culture 9.1 Architecture 9.2 Music 9.3 Dance 9.4 Visual art 9.5 Values 9.6 Cuisine 9.7 Literature 9.8 Media 9.9 Cinema 9.10 Sports 9.11 Games 10 See also 11 Notes 12 References 12.1 Citations 12.2 Bibliography 13 External links Etymology Main article: Name of the Philippines Philip II of Spain . The Philippines was named in honor of King Philip II of Spain . Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos , during his expedition in 1542, named the islands of Leyte and Samar Felipinas after the then- Prince of Asturias . Eventually the name Las Islas Filipinas would be used to cover all the islands of the archipelago. Before that became commonplace, other names such as Islas del Poniente (Islands of the West) and Magellan's name for the islands San Lázaro were also used by the Spanish to refer to the islands. [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] The official name of the Philippines has changed several times in the course of its history. During the Philippine Revolution , the Malolos Congress proclaimed the establishment of the República Filipina or the Philippine Republic . From the period of the Spanish–American War (1898) and the Philippine–American War (1899–1902) until the Commonwealth period (1935–46), American colonial authorities referred to the country as the Philippine Islands , a translation of the Spanish name. [24] From the 1898 Treaty of Paris , the name Philippines began to appear and it has since become the country's common name. Since the end of World War II , the official name of the country has been the Republic of the Philippines . [34] History Main article: History of the Philippines Prehistory Further information: Prehistory of the Philippines The Tabon Caves are the site of one of the oldest human remains known in the Philippines, the Tabon Man The metatarsal of the Callao Man , reliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67,000 years ago is the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date. [35] This distinction previously belonged to the Tabon Man of Palawan , carbon-dated to around 26,500 years ago. [36] [37] Negritos were also among the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, but their first settlement in the Philippines has not been reliably dated. [38] There are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos. F. Landa Jocano theorizes that the ancestors of the Filipinos evolved locally . Wilhelm Solheim 's Island Origin Theory [39] postulates that the peopling of the archipelago transpired via trade networks originating in the Sundaland area around 48,000 to 5000 BC rather than by wide-scale migration. The Austronesian Expansion Theory explains that Malayo-Polynesians coming from Taiwan began migrating to the Philippines around 4000 BC, displacing earlier arrivals. [40] The most widely accepted theory, based on linguistic and archeological evidence, is the 'Out-of-Taiwan' model , which hypothesizes that Austronesians from Taiwan , who were themselves descended from the neolithic civilizations of the Yangtze river such as the Liangzhu culture , [41] began migrating to the Philippines around 4000 BC, displacing earlier arrivals. [40] [42] During the neolithic period, a 'jade culture' is said to have existed as evidenced by tens of thousands of exquisitely crafted jade artifacts found in the Philippines dated to 2000 BC. [43] [44] The jade is said to have originated nearby in Taiwan and is also found in many other areas in insular and mainland Southeast Asia. These artifacts are said to be evidence of long range communication between prehistoric Southeast Asian societies. [45] By 1000 BC, the inhabitants of the archipelago had developed into four kinds of social groups: hunter-gatherer tribes, warrior societies, highland plutocracies , and port principalities. [46] Precolonial epoch Further information: History of the Philippines (900–1521) , Religion in pre-colonial Philippines , and Cultural achievements of pre-colonial Philippines A Boxer Codex image illustrating the ancient kadatuan or tumao (noble class). The current demarcation between the Prehistory and the Early history of the Philippines is 21 April 900, which is the equivalent on the Proleptic Gregorian calendar for the date indicated on the Laguna Copperplate Inscription —the earliest known surviving written record to come from the Philippines. [47] This date came in the middle of what anthropologists refer to as the Philippines' 'Emergent Phase' (1st–14th centuries CE ), which was characterized by newly emerging socio-cultural patterns, the initial development of large coastal settlements, greater social stratification and specialization, and the beginnings of local and international trade. [48] By the 1300s, a number of the large coastal settlements had become progressive trading centers, and became the focal point of societal changes, ushering complex lifeways which characterized what F. Landa Jocano called the 'Barangic Phase' of early Philippine history, beginning from the 14th century through the arrival of Spanish colonizers and the beginning of the Philippines' colonial period. [48] The discovery of iron at around the 1st century AD created significant social and economic changes which allowed settlements to grow larger and develop new social patterns, characterized by social stratification and specialization. [48] Some of these polities, particularly the coastal settlements at or near the mouths of large rivers, [49] eventually developed substantial trade contacts with the early trading powers of Southeast Asia, most importantly the Indianized kingdoms of Malaysia and Java, the various dynasties of China, [49] Thailand, [50] and later, the Muslim Sultanate of Brunei. [51] They also traded with Vietnam , [50] Japan , [52] and other Austronesian islands. [53] Based on archeological findings, trade with China is believed to have begun in the Tang dynasty , but grew more extensive during the Song dynasty . [51] By the 2nd millennium CE, some (but not all) Philippine polities were known to have sent trade delegations which participated in the Tributary system enforced by the Chinese imperial court. [51] These 'tributary states' nominally acknowledged the Sinocentric system which saw China and the imperial court as the cultural center of the world. Among the early Philippine polities, this arrangement fulfilled the requirements for trade with China, but did not actually translate into political or military control. [51] [49] The Ifugao/Igorot people utilized terrace farming in the steep mountainous regions of northern Philippines over 2000 years ago. Regarding the relations of early Philippine polities with the various state-level polities of Indonesia and Malaysia, legendary accounts often mention the interaction of early Philippine polities with the Srivijaya empire, but there is not much archeological evidence to definitively support such a relationship. [48] Considerable evidence exists, on the other hand, for extensive trade with the Majapahit empire. [54] The exact scope and mechanisms of Indian cultural influences on early Philippine polities are still the subject of some debate among Southeast Asian historiographers, [48] [55] but the current scholarly consensus is that there was probably little or no direct trade between India and the Philippines, [48] [55] and Indian cultural traits, such as linguistic terms and religious practices, [54] filtered in during the 10th through the early 14th centuries, through early Philippine polities' relations with the Hindu Majapahit empire. [48] The Philippine archipelago is thus one of the countries, (others include Afghanistan and Southern Vietnam) just at the outer edge of what is considered the ' Greater Indian cultural zone'. [55] The early polities of the Philippine archipelago were typically characterized by a three-tier social structure. [48] [49] Although different cultures had different terms to describe them, this three-tier structure invariably consisted of an apex nobility class, a class of 'freemen', and a class of dependent debtor-bondsmen called 'alipin' or 'oripun.' [48] [49] Among the members of the nobility class were leaders who held the political office of 'Datu,' which was responsible for leading autonomous social groups called ' barangay ' or 'dulohan'. [48] Whenever these barangays banded together, either to form a larger settlement [48] or a geographically looser alliance group, [49] the more senior or respected among them would be recognized as a 'paramount datu', variedly called a Lakan, Sultan, Rajah, or simply a more senior Datu. [51] [48] [56] Early historic coastal polities The Laguna Copperplate Inscription, c. 900. The oldest known historical record found in the Philippines, discovered at Lumban, Laguna . The earliest historical record of these kingdoms is the Laguna Copperplate Inscription , which indirectly refers to the Tagalog settlement of Tondo ( c.  before 900 –1589) and two to three other settlements believed to be located somewhere near Tondo, as well as a settlement near Mt. Diwata in Mindanao, and the temple complex of Medang in Java. [47] Although the precise political relationships between these polities is unclear in the text of the inscription, the artifact is usually accepted as evidence of intra- and inter-regional political linkages as early as 900 CE. [47] [51] [49] By the arrival of the earliest European ethnographers during the 1500s, Tondo was led by the paramount ruler called a ' Lakan '. [51] [49] It had grown into a major trading hub, sharing a monopoly with the Rajahnate of Maynila over the trade of Ming dynasty [57] products throughout the archipelago. [51] This trade was significant enough that the Yongle Emperor appointed a Chinese governor named Ko Ch'a-lao to oversee it. [58] [59] The next historical record referred a location in the Philippines is Volume 186 of official history of the Song dynasty which describes the 'country' of Ma-i ( c.  before 971 – after 1339 ). Song dynasty traders visited Ma-i annually, and their accounts described Ma-i's geography, trade products, and the trade behaviors of its rulers. [60] Because the descriptions of Mai's location in these accounts are not clear, there is some dispute about Mai's possible location, with some scholars believing it was located in Bay, Laguna , [61] and others believing it was on the island of Mindoro . [37] The Butuan Ivory Seal ( c.  1002 ) was recovered in the 1970s in Butuan . The official history of the Song dynasty next refers to the Rajahnate of Butuan ( c.  before 1001–1756 ) in northeastern Mindanao which is the first polity from the Philippine archipelago recorded as having sent a tribute mission to the Chinese empire – on March 17, 1001 CE. Butuan attained prominence under the rule of Rajah Sri Bata Shaja, [53] who was from a Buddhist ruling-class governing a Hindu nation. This state became powerful due to the local goldsmith industry and it also had commercial ties and a diplomatic rivalry with the Champa civilization. The Kedatuan of Madja-as ( c.  1200–1569 ) was founded following a civil war in collapsing Srivijaya, wherein loyalists of the Malay datus of Srivijaya defied the invading Chola dynasty and its puppet-Rajah, called Makatunao, and set up a guerrilla-state in the islands of the Visayas . Its founding datu, Puti, had purchased land for his new realms from the aboriginal Ati hero, Marikudo. [62] [ verification needed ] Madja-as was founded on Panay island (named after the destroyed state of Pannai allied under Srivijaya which was located in Sumatra ). Afterwards, the people of Madja-as often raided the port cities of southern China and warred with the Chinese navy. [63] The Rajahnate of Cebu [64] ( c.  1200–1565 ) was a neighbor of Madja-as in the Visayas led by Rajamuda Sri Lumay, a monarch with partial Tamil descent. This state grew wealthy by making use of the inter-island shipping within the archipelago. [65] Both the Rajahnates of Butuan and Cebu were allied to each other and they also maintained contact and had trade routes with Kutai , a Hindu country [66] in south Borneo established by Indian traders. [67] The earliest legendary date mentioning the Rajahnate of Maynila (c. 1258–1571) on the island of Luzon across the Pasig River from Tondo has to do with the naval victory of the Bruneian Rajah Ahmad over the Majapahit Rajah Avirjirkaya, who ruled a prior pre-Muslim settlement in the same location. [51] Chinese records of this period also mention a polity called 'Luzon.' This is believed to be a reference to Maynila since Portuguese and Spanish accounts from the 1520s explicitly state that 'Luçon' and 'Maynila' were 'one and the same', [51] although some historians argue that since none of these observers actually visited Maynila, 'Luçon' may simply have referred to all the Tagalog and Kapampangan polities that rose up on the shores of Manila Bay. [68] Either way, from the early 1500s to as late as the 1560s, this seafaring people was referred to in Portuguese Malacca as Luções , and they participated in trading ventures and military campaigns in Burma , Malacca and Eastern Timor [69] [70] [71] where they were employed as traders and mercenaries. [72] [73] [74] In northern Luzon, the Caboloan settlement ( c.  1406–1576 ) sent emissaries to China in 1406–1411. [75] Map showing the extent of the Sultanate of Sulu in 1822. The 1300s saw the arrival and eventual spread of Islam in the Philippine archipelago. In 1380, Karim ul' Makdum and Shari'ful Hashem Syed Abu Bakr, an Arab trader born in Johore, arrived in Sulu from Malacca and established the Sultanate of Sulu by converting Sulu's rajah, Rajah Baguinda Ali and marrying his daughter. [76] [77] At the end of the 15th century, Shariff Mohammed Kabungsuwan of Johor introduced Islam in the island of Mindanao and established the Sultanate of Maguindanao . The sultanate form of government extended further into Lanao . [78] Islam then started to spread out of Mindanao in the south and went into Luzon in the north. Manila in Luzon was Islamized during the reign of Sultan Bolkiah in 1485 to 1521. This was accomplished because the Sultanate of Brunei subjugated Tondo by defeating Rajah Gambang in battle and thereafter installing the Muslim rajah, Rajah Salalila to the throne and by establishing the Bruneian puppet-state of the Rajahnate of Maynila. [79] [80] [81] [82] Sultan Bolkiah also married Laila Mecana, the daughter of Sulu Sultan Amir Ul-Ombra to expand Brunei 's influence in both Luzon and Mindanao. [83] The Muslims then proceeded to wage wars and conduct slave-raids against the Visayans. [84] Participating in the Muslim raids, the Sultanate of Ternate consequently destroyed the Kedatuan of Dapitan in Bohol. [85] The Rajahnates of Butuan and Cebu also endured slave raids from, and waged wars against the Sultanate of Maguindanao. [86] The rivalries between the Datus, Rajahs, Sultans, and Lakans eventually eased Spanish colonization. Furthermore, the islands were sparsely populated [87] due to consistent natural disasters [88] and inter-kingdom conflicts. Therefore, colonization was made easy and the small states of the archipelago quickly became incorporated into the Spanish Empire and were Hispanicized and Christianized. [89] Colonial era Journalist Alan Robles has opined, 'Colonialism created the Philippines, shaped its political culture and continues to influence its mindset. The 333 years under Spain and nearly five decades under the USA decisively moulded the nation'. [90] Anthropologist Prospero Covar has observed, 'Our thinking, culture, and psychology became virtually westernized, when we were, in fact, Asians.' [91] Spanish rule Further information: History of the Philippines (1521–1898) A sketch of a Manila galleon used during the Manila-Acapulco Trade . In 1521, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan 's expedition arrived in the Philippines, claimed the islands for Spain and was then killed at the Battle of Mactan . [92] Colonization began when Spanish explorer Miguel López de Legazpi arrived from Mexico in 1565 and formed the first Hispanic settlements in Cebu. After relocating to Panay island and consolidating a coalition of native Visayan allies, Hispanic soldiers and Latin-American recruits, the Spaniards then invaded Islamic Manila , therein they put down the Tondo Conspiracy and exiled the conspirators to Guam and Guerrero . [93] Under Spanish rule, they established Manila as the capital of the Spanish East Indies (1571). [94] They also defeated the Chinese warlord Limahong . [95] [96] To counteract the Islamization of the Philippines, the Spanish then conducted the Castilian War which was aimed against the Sultanate of Brunei [97] [98] and war was also waged against the Sultanate of Ternate and Tidore (in response to Ternatean slaving and piracy against Spain's allies: Bohol and Butuan ). [99] The Spanish considered their war with the Muslims in Southeast Asia an extension of the Reconquista , a centuries-long campaign to retake and rechristianize the Spanish homeland which was invaded by the Muslims of the Umayyad Caliphate . The Spanish expeditions into the Philippines were also part of a larger Ibero-Islamic world conflict [100] that included a rivalry with the Ottoman Caliphate which had a center of operations at its nearby vassal, the Sultanate of Aceh . [101] Consequently, fortifications were also set up in Taiwan and the Maluku islands . These were abandoned and the Spanish soldiers, along with the newly Christianized Papuan natives of the Moluccas , withdrew back to the Philippines in order to re-concentrate their military forces because of a threatened invasion by the Japan-born Ming -dynasty loyalist, Koxinga , ruler of the Kingdom of Tungning . [102] However, the planned invasion was aborted. Meanwhile, settlers were sent to the Pacific islands of Palau and the Marianas . [103] Spanish rule eventually contributed significantly to bringing political unity to the fragmented states of the archipelago. From 1565 to 1821, the Philippines was governed as a territory of the Mexico-based Viceroyalty of New Spain and then was administered directly from Madrid after the Mexican War of Independence . The Manila galleons , the largest wooden ships ever built, were constructed in Bicol and Cavite . [104] The Manila galleons were accompanied with a large naval escort as it traveled to and from Manila and Acapulco . [105] The galleons sailed once or twice a year, between the 16th and 19th centuries. [106] The Manila Galleons brought with them goods , [107] settlers [108] and military reinforcements destined for the Philippines, from Latin America . [109] The landing of the Spanish expedition to Sulu by Antonio Brugada . Trade introduced foodstuffs such as maize , tomatoes , potatoes , chili peppers , chocolate and pineapples from Mexico and Peru . Within the Philippines, the Marquisate of Buglas was established and the rule of it was awarded to Sebastian Elcano and his crew, the survivors of the first circumnavigation of the world, as well as his descendants. New towns were also created [96] and Catholic missionaries converted most of the lowland inhabitants to Christianity . [110] They also founded schools, a university, hospitals and churches which were built along the Earthquake Baroque architectural style. [111] To defend their settlements, the Spaniards constructed and manned a network of military fortresses (called ' Presidios ') across the archipelago. [112] The Spanish also decreed the introduction of free public schooling in 1863. [113] As a result of these policies the Philippine population increased exponentially. [114] [115] During its rule, Spain quelled various indigenous revolts . There were also several external military challenges from Chinese and Japanese pirates, the Dutch, the English, the Portuguese and the Muslims of Southeast Asia. Those challengers were fought off despite the hostile forces having encircled the Philippine archipelago in a crescent formed from Japan to Indonesia. British forces occupied Manila from 1762 to 1764 in an extension of the fighting of the Seven Years' War . Spanish rule was restored following the 1763 Treaty of Paris . [89] [116] [117] The Spanish–Moro conflict lasted for several hundred years. In the last quarter of the 19th century, Spain conquered portions of Mindanao and the Moro Muslims in the Sulu Sultanate formally recognized Spanish sovereignty. Photograph of armed Filipino revolutionaries known as Katipuneros . In the 19th century, Philippine ports opened to world trade and shifts started occurring within Filipino society. Many Spaniards born in the Philippines ( criollos ) [118] and those of mixed ancestry ( mestizos ) became wealthy and an influx of Latin American immigrants [119] opened up government positions traditionally held by Spaniards born in the Iberian Peninsula ( peninsulares ). The ideals of revolution also began to spread through the islands. Criollo dissatisfaction resulted in the 1872 Cavite Mutiny that was a precursor to the Philippine Revolution. [89] [120] [121] [122] Revolutionary sentiments were stoked in 1872 after three priests— Mariano Gómez , José Burgos , and Jacinto Zamora (collectively known as Gomburza )—were accused of sedition by colonial authorities and executed. [120] [121] This would inspire a propaganda movement in Spain, organized by Marcelo H. del Pilar , José Rizal , and Mariano Ponce , lobbying for political reforms in the Philippines. Rizal was eventually executed on December 30, 1896, on charges of rebellion. [123] As attempts at reform met with resistance, Andrés Bonifacio in 1892 established the secret society called the Katipunan , who sought independence from Spain through armed revolt. [122] Bonifacio and the Katipunan started the Philippine Revolution in 1896. A faction of the Katipunan, the Magdalo of Cavite province, eventually came to challenge Bonifacio's position as the leader of the revolution and Emilio Aguinaldo took over. In 1898, the Spanish–American War began in Cuba and reached the Philippines. Aguinaldo declared Philippine independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite on June 12, 1898, and the First Philippine Republic was established in the Barasoain Church in the following year. [89] American rule Further information: History of the Philippines (1898–1946) A depiction of the Battle of Paceo during the Philippine–American War . The islands were ceded by Spain to the United States as a result of the latter's victory in the Spanish–American War . [124] A compensation of US$20 million was paid to Spain according to the terms of the 1898 Treaty of Paris . [125] As it became increasingly clear the United States would not recognize the nascent First Philippine Republic, the Philippine–American War broke out, the First Republic was defeated, and the archipelago was administered under an Insular Government . [126] The war resulted in the deaths of tens of thousands of combatants as well as a couple of hundred thousand civilians, mostly from a cholera epidemic. [126] [127] [128] [129] The Americans then suppressed other rebellious sub-states: mainly, the waning Sultanate of Sulu , as well as the insurgent Tagalog Republic , the Cantonal Republic of Negros in the Visayas, and the Republic of Zamboanga in Mindanao. [130] [131] During this era, a renaissance in Philippine culture occurred, with the expansion of Philippine cinema and literature . [132] [133] [134] Daniel Burnham built an architectural plan for Manila which would have transformed it into a modern city. [135] In 1935, the Philippines was granted Commonwealth status with Manuel Quezon as president. He designated a national language and introduced women's suffrage and land reform. [136] [137] Japanese rule Further information: Japanese occupation of the Philippines General Douglas MacArthur landing ashore during the Battle of Leyte on October 20, 1944. Plans for independence over the next decade were interrupted by World War II when the Japanese Empire invaded and the Second Philippine Republic of José P. Laurel was established as a collaborator state. Many atrocities and war crimes were committed during the war such as the Bataan Death March and the Manila massacre that culminated with the Battle of Manila . [138] In 1944, Quezon died in exile in the United States and Sergio Osmeña succeeded him. The Allied Forces then employed a strategy of island hopping towards the Philippine archipelago , in the process, retaking territory conquered by Imperial Japan. From mid-1942 through mid-1944, the Filipino guerrilla resistance [139] [140] had been supplied and encouraged by U.S. Navy submarines and a few parachute drops, so that the guerrillas could harass the Japanese Army and take control of the rural areas, jungles and mountains – thus, the Japanese Empire only controlled 12 out of 48 provinces. [141] While remaining loyal to the United States, many Filipinos hoped and believed that liberation from the Japanese would bring them freedom and their already-promised independence. Eventually, the largest naval battle in history, according to gross tonnage sunk, the Battle of Leyte Gulf , occurred when Allied forces started the liberation of the Philippines from the Japanese Empire. [142] [143] Allied troops defeated the Japanese in 1945. By the end of the war it is estimated that over a million Filipinos had died. [144] [145] [146] Postcolonial period Further information: History of the Philippines (1946–65) and History of the Philippines (1965–86) Proclamation of Philippine independence from the United States (1946). On October 11, 1945, the Philippines became one of the founding members of the United Nations . [147] The following year, on July 4, 1946, the Philippines was officially recognized by the United States as an independent nation through the Treaty of Manila , during the presidency of Manuel Roxas . [6] Disgruntled remnants of the communist Hukbalahap [148] continued to roam the countryside but were put down by President Elpidio Quirino 's successor Ramon Magsaysay . [149] [150] Magsaysay's successor, Carlos P. Garcia , initiated the Filipino First Policy , [151] which was continued by Diosdado Macapagal , with celebration of Independence Day moved from July 4 to June 12, the date of Emilio Aguinaldo 's declaration , [152] [153] while furthering the claim on the eastern part of North Borneo . [154] [155] In 1965, Macapagal lost the presidential election to Ferdinand Marcos . Early in his presidency, Marcos initiated numerous infrastructure projects but was accused of massive corruption and embezzling billions of dollars in public funds. [156] Nearing the end of his term, Marcos declared Martial Law on September 21, 1972. [157] This period of his rule was characterized by political repression, censorship, and human rights violations but the US were steadfast in their support. [158] On August 21, 1983, Marcos' chief rival, opposition leader Benigno Aquino, Jr. , was assassinated on the tarmac at Manila International Airport . Marcos eventually called snap presidential elections in 1986 . [159] Marcos was proclaimed the winner, but the results were widely regarded as fraudulent, leading to the People Power Revolution . Marcos and his allies fled to Hawaii and Aquino's widow, Corazon Aquino was recognized as president. [159] [160] Contemporary history Further information: History of the Philippines (1986–present) The 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo is the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century. The return of democracy and government reforms beginning in 1986 were hampered by national debt, government corruption, coup attempts , disasters , a persistent communist insurgency , [161] and a military conflict with Moro separatists . [162] During Corazon Aquino 's administration, U.S. forces withdrew from the Philippines, due to the rejection of the U.S. Bases Extension Treaty , [163] [164] and leading to the official transfer of Clark Air Base in November 1991 and Subic Bay to the government in December 1992. [165] [166] The administration also faced a series of natural disasters, including the eruption of Mount Pinatubo in June 1991. [167] [168] After introducing a constitution that limited presidents to a single term, Aquino did not stand for re-election. Aquino was succeeded by Fidel V. Ramos , who won the Philippine presidential election held in May 1992. During this period the country's economic performance remained modest, with a 3.6% [169] percent GDP growth rate. [170] However, the political stability and economic improvements, such as the peace agreement with the Moro National Liberation Front in 1996, [171] were overshadowed by the onset of the 1997 Asian financial crisis . [172] [173] On his Presidency the death penalty was revived in the light of the Rape-slay case of Eileen Sarmienta and Allan Gomez in 1993 and the first person to be executed was Leo Echegaray in 1999. [174] Ramos' successor, Joseph Estrada assumed office in June 1998 and managed to regain the economy from −0.6% growth to 3.4% by 1999 amidst the 1997 Asian financial crisis . [175] [176] [177] The government had announced a war against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front in March 2000 and neutralized the camps including the headquarters of the insurgents. [178] [179] In the middle of ongoing conflict with the Abu Sayyaf , [180] accusations of alleged corruption, and a stalled impeachment process, Estrada 's administration was overthrown by the 2001 EDSA Revolution and succeeded by his Vice President , Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on January 20, 2001. [181] In Arroyo 's 9-year administration, the economy experienced a phenomenal growth of 4-7% averaging at 5.33% from 2002 to 2007 with the completion of infrastructure projects like LRT Line 2 in 2004 [182] and managed to avoid the Great Recession . [183] By comparison, the Philippines has been growing an average of 3.6% from 1965 to 2001 or 3.5% (1986-2001) if we include only those years when democracy was already achievement in the Philippines on 1986. The improvement of the Philippine annual growth rate from her predecessors (since Marcos Regime to Estrada Administration) was around 1.7–1.87%. And this jumpstart from a sluggish economy for almost 5 decades that left it behind by its neighbors in the 1960s would prove to be the Philippines rise from being the sick man of Asia to become one of the ' Tiger Cub Economy ' for the next decade after her administration. [169] Nevertheless, it was tied with graft and political scandals like the Hello Garci scandal pertaining to the alleged manipulation of votes in the 2004 presidential elections . [184] [185] [186] [187] On November 23, 2009, the Maguindanao massacre led to the murder of 34 journalists. [188] [189] Benigno Aquino III won the 2010 national elections and served as the 15th President of the Philippines . The first major issue he dealt with was the 2010 Manila hostage crisis that caused deeply strained relations between Manila and Hong Kong for a time. The Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro was signed on October 15, 2012, as the first step of the creation of an autonomous political entity named Bangsamoro . [190] However, territorial disputes in eastern Sabah and the South China Sea have escalated. [191] [192] [193] On May 15, 2013, the Philippines implemented the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, commonly known as K–12 program . It added two more years to the country's ten-year schooling system for primary and secondary education. [194] On November 8, 2013, Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) struck and heavily devastated the country, especially in the Visayas . [195] [196] When the United States President Barack Obama visited the Philippines on April 28, 2014, the Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement , was signed, paving the way for the return of United States Armed Forces bases into the country. [197] [198] [199] [200] On January 25, 2015, 44 members of the Philippine National Police - Special Action Force were killed after a clash took place in Mamasapano , Maguindanao putting efforts to pass the Bangsamoro Basic Law into law in an impasse. [201] [202] Rodrigo Duterte takes his oath as he is sworn in as the 16th President of the Philippines Former Davao City mayor Rodrigo Duterte of PDP–Laban won the 2016 presidential election becoming the first president from Mindanao . [203] On July 12, 2016, the Permanent Court of Arbitration ruled in favor of the Philippines in its case against China's claims in the South China Sea. [204] After winning the Presidency, Duterte launched an intensified anti-drug campaign to fulfill a campaign promise of wiping out criminality in six months. [205] By March 2017, the death toll for the Philippine Drug War passed 8,000 people, with 2,679 killed in legitimate police operations and the rest the government claims to be homicide cases. [206] [207] [208] Duterte initiated the 'Build, Build, Build' program, which aims to usher the Philippines into a new 'golden age' of infrastructure. It will create more jobs and business opportunities, which, in turn, would sustain the country’s economic growth and accelerate poverty reduction. [209] The construction industry needs two million more workers to sustain the program. [210] [211] The Build, Build, Build program is made up of 75 projects, which includes six air transport projects, 12 rail transport projects, and four water transport projects. It also includes four major flood management projects, 11 water supply and irrigation projects, four power projects, and three other public infrastructure projects. [212] The Philippines is expected to spend $160 billion to $180 billion up to 2022 for the public investments in infrastructure. [213] Politics Main articles: Politics of the Philippines , President of the Philippines , and Constitution of the Philippines Malacañang Palace is the official residence of the President of the Philippines . The Philippines has a democratic government in the form of a constitutional republic with a presidential system . [214] It is governed as a unitary state with the exception of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), which is largely free from the national government. There have been attempts to change the government to a federal , unicameral , or parliamentary government since the Ramos administration. [215] [216] The President functions as both head of state and head of government and is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces . The president is elected by popular vote for a single six-year term, during which he or she appoints and presides over the cabinet . [217] The bicameral Congress is composed of the Senate , serving as the upper house , with members elected to a six-year term, and the House of Representatives , serving as the lower house , with members elected to a three-year term. [217] Senators are elected at large while the representatives are elected from both legislative districts and through sectoral representation. [217] The judicial power is vested in the Supreme Court , composed of a Chief Justice as its presiding officer and fourteen associate justices , all of whom are appointed by the President from nominations submitted by the Judicial and Bar Council . [217] Foreign relations Main article: Foreign relations of the Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte and U.S. President Donald Trump discuss matters during a bilateral meeting in Pasay City , 2017. The Philippines' international relations are based on trade with other nations and the well-being of the 10 million overseas Filipinos living outside the country. [218] As a founding and active member of the United Nations , the Philippines has been elected several times into the Security Council . Carlos P. Romulo was a former President of the United Nations General Assembly . The country is an active participant in the Human Rights Council as well as in peacekeeping missions, particularly in East Timor . [219] [220] [221] In addition to membership in the United Nations, the Philippines is also a founding and active member of ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations), an organization designed to strengthen relations and promote economic and cultural growth among states in the Southeast Asian region. [222] It has hosted several summits and is an active contributor to the direction and policies of the bloc. [223] The Philippines values its relations with the United States. [218] It supported the United States during the Cold War and the War on Terror and is a major non-NATO ally . Despite this history of goodwill, controversies related to the presence of the now former U.S. military bases in Subic Bay and Clark and the current Visiting Forces Agreement have flared up from time to time. [218] Japan, the biggest contributor of official development assistance to the country, [224] is thought of as a friend. Although historical tensions still exist on issues such as the plight of comfort women , much of the animosity inspired by memories of World War II has faded. [225] Relations with other nations are generally positive. Shared democratic values ease relations with Western and European countries while similar economic concerns help in relations with other developing countries. Historical ties and cultural similarities also serve as a bridge in relations with Spain . [226] [227] [228] Despite issues such as domestic abuse and war affecting overseas Filipino workers, [229] [230] relations with Middle Eastern countries are friendly as seen in the continuous employment of more than two million overseas Filipinos living there. [231] With communism no longer the threat it once was, once hostile relations in the 1950s between the Philippines and China have improved greatly. Issues involving Taiwan, the Spratly Islands, and concerns of expanding Chinese influence, however, still encourage a degree of caution. [225] Recent foreign policy has been mostly about economic relations with its Southeast Asian and Asia-Pacific neighbors. [218] The Philippines is an active member of the East Asia Summit (EAS), the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Latin Union , the Group of 24 , and the Non-Aligned Movement . [217] It is also seeking to strengthen relations with Islamic countries by campaigning for observer status in the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation . [232] [233] Military Main article: Armed Forces of the Philippines Clockwise from top: Philippine Marine Corps , BRP Gregorio del Pilar (FF-15) of the Philippine Navy , Philippine Army AIFVs and FA-50 of the Philippine Air Force . The Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) are responsible for national security and consist of three branches: the Philippine Air Force , the Philippine Army , and the Philippine Navy (includes the Marine Corps ). [234] [235] [236] The Armed Forces of the Philippines are a volunteer force . [237] Civilian security is handled by the Philippine National Police under the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG). [238] [239] In the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, the largest separatist organization, the Moro National Liberation Front , is now engaging the government politically. Other more militant groups like the Moro Islamic Liberation Front , the communist New People's Army , and the Abu Sayyaf have previously kidnapped foreigners for ransom, particularly on the southern island of Mindanao . [241] [242] [243] [244] Their presence decreased due to successful security provided by the Philippine government. [245] [246] At 1.1 percent of GDP, the Philippines spent less on its military forces than the regional average. As of 2014 [update] Malaysia and Thailand were estimated to spend 1.5%, China 2.1%, Vietnam 2.2% and South Korea 2.6%. [247] [248] The Philippines has been an ally of the United States since World War II. A mutual defense treaty between the two countries was signed in 1951. The Philippines supported American policies during the Cold War and participated in the Korean and Vietnam wars. It was a member of the now dissolved SEATO , a group that was intended to serve a role similar to NATO and that included Australia, France, New Zealand, Pakistan, Thailand, the United Kingdom, and the United States. [249] After the start of the War on Terror , the Philippines was part of the coalition that gave support to the United States in Iraq. [250] Administrative divisions Main article: Administrative divisions of the Philippines The Philippines is divided into three island groups: Luzon , Visayas , and Mindanao . These are further divided into 17 regions , 81 provinces , 145 cities , 1,489 municipalities , and 42,036 barangays . [251] In addition, Section 2 of Republic Act No. 5446 asserts that the definition of the territorial sea around the Philippine archipelago does not affect the claim over the eastern part of Sabah . [252] [253] v t e Administrative Divisions of the Philippines Administrative Regions Ilocos Region (Region I) Cagayan Valley (Region II) Central Luzon (Region III) Calabarzon (Region IV-A) Southwestern Tagalog Region (Mimaropa Region) Bicol Region (Region V) Western Visayas (Region VI) Central Visayas (Region VII) Eastern Visayas (Region VIII) Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX) Northern Mindanao (Region X) Davao Region (Region XI) Soccsksargen (Region XII) Caraga (Region XIII) Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) National Capital Region (NCR) Autonomous Region Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) Provinces Abra Agusan del Norte Agusan del Sur Aklan Albay Antique Apayao Aurora Basilan Bataan Batanes Batangas Benguet Biliran Bohol Bukidnon Bulacan Cagayan Camarines Norte Camarines Sur Camiguin Capiz Catanduanes Cavite Cebu Compostela Valley Cotabato Davao del Norte Davao del Sur Davao Occidental Davao Oriental Dinagat Islands Eastern Samar Guimaras Ifugao Ilocos Norte Ilocos Sur Iloilo Isabela Kalinga La Union Laguna Lanao del Norte Lanao del Sur Leyte Maguindanao Marinduque Masbate Misamis Occidental Misamis Oriental Mountain Province Negros Occidental Negros Oriental Northern Samar Nueva Ecija Nueva Vizcaya Occidental Mindoro Oriental Mindoro Palawan Pampanga Pangasinan Quezon Quirino Rizal Romblon Samar Sarangani Siquijor Sorsogon South Cotabato Southern Leyte Sultan Kudarat Sulu Surigao del Norte Surigao del Sur Tarlac Tawi-Tawi Zambales Zamboanga del Norte Zamboanga del Sur Zamboanga Sibugay Cities and Municipalities See: List of cities in the Philippines and List of cities and municipalities in the Philippines Barangays See: Lists of barangays in Philippine provinces Administrative regions Main article: Regions of the Philippines Regions in the Philippines are administrative divisions that serve primarily to organize the provinces of the country for administrative convenience. The Philippines is divided into 17 regions (16 administrative and 1 autonomous ). Most government offices are established by region instead of individual provincial offices, usually (but not always) in the city designated as the regional center. As of 2015 [update] , CALABARZON was the most populated region while the National Capitol Region (NCR) the most densely populated. 10 Most Populous Regions of the Philippines (2015) [254] Rank Designation Name Area Population (as of 2015 [update] ) % of Population Population density 1st Region IV CALABARZON 16,873.31 km 2 (6,514.82 sq mi) 14,414,774 7001142700000000000♠ 14.27% 850/km 2 (2,200/sq mi) 2nd NCR National Capital Region 619.57 km 2 (239.22 sq mi) 12,877,253 7001127500000000000♠ 12.75% 21,000/km 2 (54,000/sq mi) 3rd Region III Central Luzon 22,014.63 km 2 (8,499.90 sq mi) 11,218,177 7001111100000000000♠ 11.11% 510/km 2 (1,300/sq mi) 4th Region VII Central Visayas 10,102.16 km 2 (3,900.47 sq mi) 6,041,903 7000598000000000000♠ 5.98% 600/km 2 (1,600/sq mi) 5th Region V Bicol Region 18,155.82 km 2 (7,010.00 sq mi) 5,796,989 7000574000000000000♠ 5.74% 320/km 2 (830/sq mi) 6th Region I Ilocos Region 16,873.31 km 2 (6,514.82 sq mi) 5,026,128 7000498000000000000♠ 4.98% 300/km 2 (780/sq mi) 7th Region XI Davao Region 20,357.42 km 2 (7,860.04 sq mi) 4,893,318 7000485000000099999♠ 4.85% 240/km 2 (620/sq mi) 8th Region X Northern Mindanao 20,496.02 km 2 (7,913.56 sq mi) 4,689,302 7000464000000099999♠ 4.64% 230/km 2 (600/sq mi) 9th Region XII SOCCSKSARGEN 22,513.30 km 2 (8,692.43 sq mi) 4,545,276 7000450000000000000♠ 4.50% 200/km 2 (520/sq mi) 10th Region VI Western Visayas 12,828.97 km 2 (4,953.29 sq mi) 4,477,247 7000443000000000000♠ 4.43% 350/km 2 (910/sq mi) Geography Main article: Geography of the Philippines Topography of the Philippines The Philippines is an archipelago composed of about 7,641 islands [255] with a total land area, including inland bodies of water, of 343,448 square kilometers (132,606 sq mi) [5] . The 36,289 kilometers (22,549 mi) of coastline makes it the country with the 5th longest coastline in the world. [217] [256] It is located between 116° 40', and 126° 34' E longitude and 4° 40' and 21° 10' N latitude and is bordered by the Philippine Sea [257] to the east, the South China Sea [258] to the west, and the Celebes Sea [259] to the south. The island of Borneo [260] is located a few hundred kilometers southwest and Taiwan is located directly to the north. The Moluccas and Sulawesi are located to the south-southwest and Palau is located to the east of the islands. [217] Most of the mountainous islands are covered in tropical rainforest and volcanic in origin. The highest mountain is Mount Apo . It measures up to 2,954 meters (9,692 ft) above sea level and is located on the island of Mindanao. [261] [262] The Galathea Depth in the Philippine Trench is the deepest point in the country and the third deepest in the world . The trench is located in the Philippine Sea. [263] The longest river is the Cagayan River in northern Luzon. [264] Manila Bay , upon the shore of which the capital city of Manila lies, is connected to Laguna de Bay , the largest lake in the Philippines, by the Pasig River . Subic Bay , the Davao Gulf , and the Moro Gulf are other important bays. The San Juanico Strait separates the islands of Samar and Leyte but it is traversed by the San Juanico Bridge . [265] Situated on the western fringes of the Pacific Ring of Fire , the Philippines experiences frequent seismic and volcanic activity. The Benham Plateau to the east in the Philippine Sea is an undersea region active in tectonic subduction . [266] Around 20 earthquakes are registered daily, though most are too weak to be felt. The last major earthquake was the 1990 Luzon earthquake . [267] Mayon is the Philippines' most active volcano. There are many active volcanoes such as the Mayon Volcano , Mount Pinatubo , and Taal Volcano . The eruption of Mount Pinatubo in June 1991 produced the second largest terrestrial eruption of the 20th century. [268] Not all notable geographic features are so violent or destructive. A more serene legacy of the geological disturbances is the Puerto Princesa Subterranean River , the area represents a habitat for biodiversity conservation , the site also contains a full mountain-to-the-sea ecosystem and has some of the most important forests in Asia. [269] Due to the volcanic nature of the islands, mineral deposits are abundant. The country is estimated to have the second-largest gold deposits after South Africa and one of the largest copper deposits in the world. [270] It is also rich in nickel, chromite, and zinc. Despite this, poor management, high population density, and environmental consciousness have resulted in these mineral resources remaining largely untapped. [270] Geothermal energy is a product of volcanic activity that the Philippines has harnessed more successfully. The Philippines is the world's second-biggest geothermal producer behind the United States, with 18% of the country's electricity needs being met by geothermal power. [271] Biodiversity Main article: Wildlife of the Philippines See also: List of threatened species of the Philippines Philippine tarsier ( Tarsius syrichta ), one of the smallest primates . The Philippines' rainforests and its extensive coastlines make it home to a diverse range of birds, plants, animals, and sea creatures. [272] It is one of the ten most biologically megadiverse countries . [273] [274] [275] Around 1,100 land vertebrate species can be found in the Philippines including over 100 mammal species and 170 bird species not thought to exist elsewhere. [276] The Philippines has among the highest rates of discovery in the world with sixteen new species of mammals discovered in the last ten years. Because of this, the rate of endemism for the Philippines has risen and likely will continue to rise. [277] Native mammals include the palm civet cat , the dugong , the cloud rat and the Philippine tarsier associated with Bohol . Although the Philippines lacks large mammalian predators, it does have some very large reptiles such as pythons and cobras , together with gigantic saltwater crocodiles . The largest crocodile in captivity, known locally as Lolong , was captured in the southern island of Mindanao. [278] [279] The national bird , known as the Philippine eagle has the longest body of any eagle , it generally measures 86 to 102 cm (2.82 to 3.35 ft) in length and weighs 4.7 to 8.0 kg (10.4 to 17.6 lb). [280] [281] The Philippine eagle is part of the Accipitridae family and is endemic to the rainforests of Luzon , Samar , Leyte and Mindanao . Rafflesia speciosa is endemic to the island of Panay . Philippine maritime waters encompass as much as 2,200,000 square kilometers (849,425 sq mi) producing unique and diverse marine life, an important part of the Coral Triangle . [252] The total number of corals and marine fish species was estimated at 500 and 2,400 respectively. [272] [276] New records [282] [283] and species discoveries [284] [285] [286] continuously increase these numbers underlining the uniqueness of the marine resources in the Philippines. The Tubbataha Reef in the Sulu Sea was declared a World Heritage Site in 1993. Philippine waters also sustain the cultivation of pearls, crabs, and seaweeds. [272] [287] With an estimated 13,500 plant species in the country, 3,200 of which are unique to the islands, [276] Philippine rainforests boast an array of flora, including many rare types of orchids and rafflesia . [288] [289] Deforestation , often the result of illegal logging, is an acute problem in the Philippines . Forest cover declined from 70% of the Philippines's total land area in 1900 to about 18.3% in 1999. [290] Many species are endangered and scientists say that Southeast Asia , which the Philippines is part of, faces a catastrophic extinction rate of 20% by the end of the 21st century. [291] According to Conservation International , 'the country is one of the few nations that is, in its entirety, both a hotspot and a megadiversity country, placing it among the top priority hotspots for global conservation.' [288] Climate Main article: Climate of the Philippines The Philippines has a tropical maritime climate that is usually hot and humid. There are three seasons: tag-init or tag-araw , the hot dry season or summer from March to May. tag-ulan , the rainy season from June to November. and tag-lamig , the cool dry season from December to February. The southwest monsoon (from May to October) is known as the Habagat, and the dry winds of the northeast monsoon (from November to April), the Amihan. [292] Temperatures usually range from 21 °C (70 °F) to 32 °C (90 °F) although it can get cooler or hotter depending on the season. The coolest month is January. the warmest is May. [217] [293] The average yearly temperature is around 26.6 °C (79.9 °F). [292] In considering temperature, location in terms of latitude and longitude is not a significant factor. Whether in the extreme north, south, east, or west of the country, temperatures at sea level tend to be in the same range. Altitude usually has more of an impact. The average annual temperature of Baguio at an elevation of 1,500 meters (4,900 ft) above sea level is 18.3 °C (64.9 °F), making it a popular destination during hot summers. [292] Sitting astride the typhoon belt , most of the islands experience annual torrential rains and thunderstorms from July to October, [294] with around nineteen typhoons entering the Philippine area of responsibility in a typical year and eight or nine making landfall. [295] [296] [297] Annual rainfall measures as much as 5,000 millimeters (200 in) in the mountainous east coast section but less than 1,000 millimeters (39 in) in some of the sheltered valleys. [294] The wettest known tropical cyclone to impact the archipelago was the July 1911 cyclone , which dropped over 1,168 millimeters (46.0 in) of rainfall within a 24-hour period in Baguio. [298] Bagyo is the local term for a tropical cyclone in the Philippines. [298] Economy Main article: Economy of the Philippines A proportional representation of the Philippines' exports, 2012. The Philippine economy is the 34th largest in the world , with an estimated 2017 gross domestic product (nominal) of $348.593 billion. [8] Primary exports include semiconductors and electronic products, transport equipment, garments, copper products, petroleum products, coconut oil , and fruits. [6] Major trading partners include the United States, Japan, China, Singapore, South Korea, the Netherlands, Hong Kong, Germany, Taiwan, and Thailand. [6] Its unit of currency is the Philippine peso (₱ or PHP). [299] Filipinos planting rice. Agriculture employs 30% of the Filipino workforce as of 2014 [update] . [300] A newly industrialized country , the Philippine economy has been transitioning from one based upon agriculture to an economy with more emphasis upon services and manufacturing. Of the country's total labor force of around 40.813 Million, [6] the agricultural sector employs 30% of the labor force , and accounts for 14% of GDP. The industrial sector employs around 14% of the workforce and accounts for 30% of GDP. Meanwhile, the 47% of workers involved in the services sector are responsible for 56% of GDP. [301] [302] The unemployment rate as of 14 December 2014 [update] , stands at 6.0%. [303] [304] Meanwhile, due to lower charges in basic necessities, the inflation rate eases to 3.7% in November. [305] Gross international reserves as of October 2013 are $83.201 billion. [306] The Debt-to-GDP ratio continues to decline to 38.1% as of March 2014 [307] [308] from a record high of 78% in 2004. [309] The country is a net importer [302] but it is also a creditor nation. [310] After World War II, the Philippines was for a time regarded as the second wealthiest in East Asia, next only to Japan. [218] [311] [312] In the 1960s its economic performance started being overtaken. The economy stagnated under the dictatorship of President Ferdinand Marcos as the regime spawned economic mismanagement and political volatility. [218] [312] The country suffered from slow economic growth and bouts of economic recession . Only in the 1990s with a program of economic liberalization did the economy begin to recover. [218] [312] The 1997 Asian Financial Crisis affected the economy, resulting in a lingering decline of the value of the peso and falls in the stock market. The extent it was affected initially was not as severe as that of some of its Asian neighbors. This was largely due to the fiscal conservatism of the government, partly as a result of decades of monitoring and fiscal supervision from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), in comparison to the massive spending of its neighbors on the rapid acceleration of economic growth. [171] There have been signs of progress since. In 2004, the economy experienced 6.4% GDP growth and 7.1% in 2007, its fastest pace of growth in three decades. [313] [314] Average annual GDP growth per capita for the period 1966–2007 still stands at 1.45% in comparison to an average of 5.96% for the East Asia and the Pacific region as a whole. The daily income for 45% of the population of the Philippines remains less than $2. [315] [316] [317] The economy is heavily reliant upon remittances from overseas Filipinos , which surpass foreign direct investment as a source of foreign currency. Remittances peaked in 2010 at 10.4% of the national GDP, and were 8.6% in 2012 and in 2014, Philippines total worth of foreign exchange remittances was US$28 billion. [318] [319] Regional development is uneven, with Luzon – Metro Manila in particular – gaining most of the new economic growth at the expense of the other regions, [320] [321] although the government has taken steps to distribute economic growth by promoting investment in other areas of the country. Despite constraints, service industries such as tourism and business process outsourcing have been identified as areas with some of the best opportunities for growth for the country. [302] [322] Goldman Sachs includes the country in its list of the ' Next Eleven ' economies [323] [324] but China and India have emerged as major economic competitors. [325] Goldman Sachs estimates that by the year 2050, it will be the 20th largest economy in the world. [326] HSBC also projects the Philippine economy to become the 16th largest economy in the world, 5th largest economy in Asia and the largest economy in the South East Asian region by 2050. [327] [328] [329] The Philippines is a member of the World Bank , the International Monetary Fund, the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Asian Development Bank which is headquartered in Mandaluyong , the Colombo Plan , the G-77 and the G-24 among other groups and institutions. [6] Transportation Main article: Transportation in the Philippines A section of the Tarlac–Pangasinan–La Union Expressway . The transportation infrastructure in the Philippines is relatively underdeveloped. This is partly due to the mountainous terrain and the scattered geography of the islands, but also the result of consistently low investment in infrastructure by successive governments. In 2013, about 3% of national GDP went towards infrastructure development – much lower than many of its neighbors. [330] [331] There are 216,387 kilometers (134,457 mi) of roads in the Philippines, with only 61,093 kilometers (37,961 mi) of roads paved. [332] Buses, jeepneys , taxis, and motorized tricycles are commonly available in major cities and towns. In 2007, there were about 5.53 million registered motor vehicles with registrations increasing at an average annual rate of 4.55%. [333] The Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines manages airports and implementation of policies regarding safe air travel [334] [335] with 85 public airports operational as of 2014 [update] . [336] Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) serves the Greater Manila Area together with Clark International Airport . Philippine Airlines , Asia's oldest commercial airline still operating under its original name, and Cebu Pacific , the leading low-cost airline, are the major airlines serving most domestic and international destinations. [337] [338] [339] Expressways and highways are mostly located on the island of Luzon including the Pan-Philippine Highway , connecting the islands of Luzon , Samar , Leyte , and Mindanao , [340] [341] the North Luzon Expressway , South Luzon Expressway , and the Subic–Clark–Tarlac Expressway . [342] [343] [344] [345] [346] [347] A LRT-2 train at Santolan LRT Station . Rail transport in the Philippines only plays a role in transporting passengers within Metro Manila and the province of Laguna . The region is served by three rapid transit lines: LRT-1 , and LRT-2 and MRT-3 . [348] [349] [350] In the past, railways served major parts of Luzon, and railroad services were available on the islands of Cebu and Negros. Railways were also used for agricultural purposes, especially in tobacco and sugar cane production. Rail freight transportation was almost non-existent as of 2014 [update] . A few transportation systems are under development: DOST -MIRDC and UP are implementing pre-feasibility studies on Automated Guideway Transit. [351] [352] [353] A so-called Hybrid Electric Road Train which is a long bi-articulated bus , was also being tested as of 2015 [update] . [354] [355] [356] As an archipelago, inter-island travel using watercraft is often necessary. [357] The busiest seaports are Manila , Batangas , Subic , Cebu , Iloilo , Davao , Cagayan de Oro, and Zamboanga . [358] 2GO Travel and Sulpicio Lines serve Manila, with links to various cities and towns through passenger vessels. The 919-kilometer (571 mi) Strong Republic Nautical Highway (SRNH), an integrated set of highway segments and ferry routes covering 17 cities was established in 2003. [359] The Pasig River Ferry Service serves the major rivers in Metro Manila, including the Pasig River and Marikina River having numerous stops in Manila, Makati, Mandaluyong, Pasig and Marikina. [360] [361] Science and technology Main article: Science and technology in the Philippines An IRRI researcher studying rice DNA under ultraviolet light . The Philippines has pursued efforts to improve the field of science and technology. The Department of Science and Technology is the governing agency responsible for the development of coordination of science- and technology-related projects in the Philippines. [362] The National Scientist of the Philippines award is given to individuals that have contributed to different field of science in the country. Notable Filipino scientists include Maria Orosa , a food technologist famous for her formulated food products like calamansi nip, soyalac and the banana ketchup , [363] Fe del Mundo , a pediatrician whose pioneering work in pediatrics as an active medical practice spanned 8 decades, [364] Paulo Campos , a physician who was dubbed as ' The Father of Nuclear Medicine in the Philippines ' for his contributions in the field of nuclear medicine , [365] Ramon Barba , an inventor and horticulturist known for his method to induce more flowers in mango trees. [366] Research organizations include the International Rice Research Institute , an international independent research and training organization established in 1960 with headquarters in Los Baños, Laguna , [367] [368] focusing on the development of new rice varieties and rice crop management techniques to help farmers in the country improve their lives. [369] The Philippines bought its first satellite in 1996. [370] In 2016, the Philippines first micro-satellite , Diwata-1 was launched aboard the US Cygnus spacecraft. [371] Communications Main articles: Telecommunications in the Philippines , Internet in the Philippines , and Social networking in the Philippines The Philippines has a sophisticated cellular phone industry and a high concentration of users. Text messaging is a popular form of communication and, in 2007, the nation sent an average of one billion SMS messages per day. Over five million mobile phone users also use their phones as virtual wallets, making it a leader among developing nations in providing financial transactions over cellular networks. [372] [373] [374] The Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company commonly known as PLDT is the leading telecommunications provider. It is also the largest company in the country. [372] [375] The National Telecommunications Commission is the agency responsible for the supervision, adjudication and control over all telecommunications services throughout the country. [376] There are approximately 383 AM and 659 FM radio stations and 297 television and 873 cable television stations. [377] On March 29, 1994, the country went live on the Internet via a 64 kbit/s connection from a router serviced by PLDT to a Sprint router in California. [378] Estimates for Internet penetration in the Philippines vary widely ranging from a low of 2.5 million to a high of 24 million people. [379] [380] Social networking and watching videos are among the most frequent Internet activities. [381] Tourism Main article: Tourism in the Philippines Limestone cliffs of El Nido , Palawan. The travel and tourism sector is a major contributor to the economy , contributing 7.1% to the Philippine GDP in 2013 [382] and providing 1,226,500 jobs or 3.2 percent of total employment. [383] 2,433,428 international visitors arrived from January to June 2014 up by 2.22% in the same period in 2013. South Korea, China, and Japan accounted for 58.78% while the Americas accounted for 19.28% and Europe 10.64%. [384] The Department of Tourism has responsibility for the management and promotion of the tourism sector. The country's rich biodiversity is one of the main tourist attractions with its beaches, mountains, rainforests, islands and diving spots among the most popular tourist destinations. As an archipelago consisting of about 7,500 islands, the Philippines has numerous beaches, caves and other rock formations. Boracay has glaring white sand beaches and was named as the best island in the world by Travel + Leisure in 2012. [385] The Banaue Rice Terraces in Ifugao, the historic town of Vigan in Ilocos Sur , the Chocolate Hills in Bohol, Magellan's Cross in Cebu and the Tubbataha Reef in Visayas are other highlights. The Philippines is also one of the favorite retirement destinations for foreigners due to its warm climate all year round, beaches and low cost of living. [386] Water supply and sanitation Main article: Water supply and sanitation in the Philippines Ambuklao Dam in Bokod , Benguet . Among the achievements of the government in the Philippines are a high access to an improved water source of 92% in 2010. the creation of financially sustainable water service providers ('Water Districts') in small and medium towns with the continuous long-term support of a national agency (the 'Local Water Utilities Administration' LWUA). and the improvement of access, service quality and efficiency in Manila through two high-profle water concessions awarded in 1997. [387] The challenges include limited access to sanitation services, high pollution of water resources, often poor drinking water quality and poor service quality, a fragmentation of executive functions at the national level among numerous agencies, and a fragmentation of service provision at the local level into many small service providers. [387] In 2015 it was reported by the Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation by WHO and UNICEF that 74% of the population had access to improved sanitation and that 'good progress' had been made. [388] The access to improved sanitation was reported to be similar for the urban and rural population. [388] Demographics Main articles: Demographics of the Philippines , Filipinos , and Overseas Filipinos Population density per province as of 2009 [update] per square kilometer. The population of the Philippines increased from 1990 to 2008 by approximately 28 million, a 45% growth in that time frame. [389] The first official census in the Philippines was carried out in 1877 and recorded a population of 5,567,685. [390] It is estimated that half of the population resides on the island of Luzon. The 3.21% population growth rate between 1995 and 2000 decreased to an estimated 1.95% for the 2005–2010 period, but remains a contentious issue . [391] [392] The population's median age is 22.7 years with 60.9% aged from 15 to 64 years old. [6] Life expectancy at birth is 71.94 years, 75.03 years for females and 68.99 years for males. [393] Poverty Incidence significantly dropped to 21.6% in 2015 from 25.2% in 2012. [394] Since the liberalization of United States immigration laws in 1965, the number of people in the United States having Filipino ancestry has grown substantially. In 2007 there were an estimated [395] [396] 12 million Filipinos living overseas . [397] According to the official count the population of the Philippines hit 100 million at the time of midnight on July 27, 2014, making it the 12th country to reach this number. [398] The Philippine population will continue to increase throughout 2018 and is projected to reach around 107,190,081 by Dec. 31, 2018, based on projections made by the Commission on Population using the latest population census of 2015 (Philippine Statistics Authority). [399] Cities Main article: Cities of the Philippines Metro Manila is the most populous of the 3 defined metropolitan areas in the Philippines and the 11th most populous in the world. as of 2007 [update] , census data showed it had a population of 11,553,427, comprising 13% of the national population. [400] Including suburbs in the adjacent provinces ( Bulacan , Cavite , Laguna , and Rizal ) of Greater Manila , the population is around 21 million. [400] [401] Metro Manila's gross regional product was estimated as of 2009 [update] to be ₱ 468.4 billion (at constant 1985 prices) and accounts for 33% of the nation's GDP. [402] In 2011 Manila ranked as the 28th wealthiest urban agglomeration in the world and the 2nd in Southeast Asia . [403] v t e Largest cities in the Philippines PSA Census August 2015 Rank Name Region Pop. Rank Name Region Pop. Quezon City Manila 1 Quezon City National Capital Region 2,936,116 11 Parañaque National Capital Region 665,822 Davao City Caloocan 2 Manila National Capital Region 1,780,148 12 Dasmariñas Calabarzon 659,019 3 Davao City Davao Region 1,632,991 13 Valenzuela National Capital Region 620,422 4 Caloocan National Capital Region 1,583,978 14 Bacoor Calabarzon 600,609 5 Cebu City Central Visayas 922,611 15 General Santos Soccsksargen 594,446 6 Zamboanga City Zamboanga Peninsula 861,799 16 Las Piñas National Capital Region 588,894 7 Taguig National Capital Region 804,915 17 Makati National Capital Region 582,602 8 Antipolo Calabarzon 776,386 18 San Jose del Monte Central Luzon 574,089 9 Pasig National Capital Region 755,300 19 Bacolod Western Visayas 561,875 10 Cagayan de Oro Northern Mindanao 675,950 20 Muntinlupa National Capital Region 504,509 Ethnic groups Main article: Ethnic groups of the Philippines Dominant ethnic groups by province. According to the 2000 census, 28.1% of Filipinos are Tagalog, 13.1% Cebuano, 9% Ilocano, 7.6% Visayans/Bisaya (excluding Cebuano, Hiligaynon and Waray) , 7.5% Hiligaynon, 6% Bikol, 3.4% Waray, and 25.3% as 'others', [6] [404] which can be broken down further to yield more distinct non-tribal groups like the Moro , the Kapampangan , the Pangasinense , the Ibanag , and the Ivatan . [405] There are also indigenous peoples like the Igorot , the Lumad , the Mangyan , the Bajau , and the tribes of Palawan . [406] Filipinos generally belong to several Asian ethnic groups classified linguistically as part of the Austronesian or Malayo-Polynesian speaking people. [406] It is believed that thousands of years ago Austronesian-speaking Taiwanese aborigines migrated to the Philippines from Taiwan, bringing with them knowledge of agriculture and ocean-sailing, eventually displacing the earlier Negrito groups of the islands. [407] Negritos , such as the Aeta and the Ati , are considered among the earliest inhabitants of the islands. [408] Being at the crossroads of the West and East, the Philippines is also home to migrants from places as diverse as China, Spain, Mexico, United States, India, South Korea, and Japan. Two important non-indigenous minorities are the Chinese and the Spaniards . The Chinese , mostly descendants of immigrants from Fujian , China after 1898, number 2 million, although there are an estimated 27 percent of Filipinos who have partial Chinese ancestry, [409] [410] [411] stemming from precolonial and colonial Chinese migrants. [412] Intermarriage between the groups is evident in the major cities and urban areas. [413] At least one-third of the population of Luzon , as well as old settlements in the Visayas and Zamboanga City at Mindanao (around 13.33% of the Philippine population), have partial Hispanic ancestry (from varying points of origin and ranging from Latin America [414] to Spain). [415] Recent genetic studies confirm this partial European [416] [417] and Latin-American ancestry. [418] Other important non-indigenous minorities include Indians , Britons , and Japanese people . The descendants of mixed-race couples are known as mestizos . [419] [420] Languages Main article: Languages of the Philippines Population by mother tongue (2010) Language Speakers Tagalog 24.44   % 24.44 22,512,089 Cebuano 21.35   % 21.35 19,665,453 Ilokano 8.77   % 8.77 8,074,536 Hiligaynon 8.44   % 8.44 7,773,655 Waray 3.97   % 3.97 3,660,645 Other local languages/dialects 26.09   % 26.09 24,027,005 Other foreign languages/dialects 0.09   % 0.09 78,862 Not reported/not stated 0.01   % 0.01 6,450 TOTAL 92,097,978 Source: Philippine Statistics Authority [3] Ethnologue lists 186 individual languages in the Philippines, 182 of which are living languages, while 4 no longer have any known speakers. Most native languages are part of the Philippine branch of the Malayo-Polynesian languages , which is itself a branch of the Austronesian language family . [406] The only language not classified as an Austronesian language is Chavacano which is a creole language of Mexican-Spanish and is classified as a Romance language . [421] Filipino and English are the official languages of the country. [13] Filipino is a standardized version of Tagalog , spoken mainly in Metro Manila and other urban regions. Both Filipino and English are used in government, education, print, broadcast media, and business. In most towns, the local indigenous language is spoken. The Philippine constitution provides for the promotion of Spanish and Arabic on a voluntary and optional basis, although neither are used on as wide a scale as in the past. [13] Spanish, which was widely used as a lingua franca in the late nineteenth century, has since declined greatly in use, but is experiencing a revival due to government promotion, while Arabic is mainly used in Islamic schools in Mindanao. [422] However, Spanish loanwords are still present today in many of the indigenous Philippine languages. [423] Nineteen regional languages act as auxiliary official languages used as mediums of instruction: Aklanon , Bikol , Cebuano , Chavacano , Hiligaynon , Ibanag , Ilocano , Ivatan , Kapampangan , Kinaray-a , Maguindanao , Maranao , Pangasinan , Sambal , Surigaonon , Tagalog, Tausug , Waray , and Yakan . [2] Other indigenous languages such as, Cuyonon , Ifugao , Itbayat , Kalinga , Kamayo , Kankanaey , Masbateño , Romblomanon , Malay , and several Visayan languages are prevalent in their respective provinces. [424] Languages not indigenous to the islands are also taught in select schools. Mandarin is used in Chinese schools catering to the Chinese Filipino community. Islamic schools in Mindanao teach Modern Standard Arabic in their curriculum. [425] French , German , Japanese , Korean , and Spanish are taught with the help of foreign linguistic institutions. [426] The Department of Education began teaching the Malay languages of Indonesian and Malaysian in 2013. [427] Religion Main article: Religion in the Philippines Religion in the Philippines (2010 census) religion percent Catholic   80.58% Protestant   10.80% Muslim   5.57% Other, irreligious or unanswered   3.05% The Philippines is an officially secular state , although Christianity is the dominant faith. [428] Census data from 2010 found that about 80.58% of the population professed Catholicism . [4] Around 37% regularly attend Mass and 29% identify as very religious. [429] [430] Protestants are 10.8% [431] [432] of the total population, mostly endorsing evangelical Protestant denominations that were introduced by American missionaries at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, they are heavily concentrated in Northern Luzon and Southern Mindanao. [433] [434] The Philippine Independent Church is a notable independent Catholic denomination. [435] [436] [437] Iglesia ni Cristo is a notable Unitarian and Restorationist denomination in the country. [438] [439] Islam is the second largest religion. The Muslim population of the Philippines was reported as 5.57% of the total population according to census returns in 2010, [4] although a 2012 report by the National Commission on Muslim Filipinos estimates it at 11%. [440] The majority of Muslims live in the Bangsamoro region . [441] [442] [443] [444] Most practice Sunni Islam under the Shafi'i school . [445] [446] An unknown number of Filipinos are irreligious , but they may form as much as 20% of the population. [447] [448] [449] Catholicism's historic dominance is steadily declining, with about 9% of adherents considering leaving their church. [450] An estimated 2% of the total population practice Philippine traditional religions , whose practices and folk beliefs are often syncretized with Christianity and Islam. [439] [451] Buddhism is practiced by around 2% of the population, and is concentrated among Filipinos of Chinese descent. [439] [445] [451] The remaining population is divided between a number of religious groups, including Hindus , Jews , and Baha'is . [452] Health Main article: Health in the Philippines The façade of the Bonifacio Global City branch of St. Luke's Medical Center There are an increasing number of private health providers and, as of 2009 [update] , 67.1% of healthcare came from private expenditures while 32.9% was from government. In 2013, total expenditures on the health sector was 3.8% of GDP, below the WHO target of 5%. [453] Health expenditure represented about 6.1% of total government spending. Per capita total expenditure at average exchange rate was USD52. [454] The budget allocation for Healthcare in 2010 was ₱28 billion (about USD597 million) or ₱310 ($7) per person [455] but had an increase in budget in 2014 with a record high in the collection of taxes from the House Bill 5727 (commonly known as Sin tax Bill). [456] There are an estimated 90,370 physicians or 1 per every 833 people, 480,910 nurses, 43,220 dentists, and 1 hospital bed per every 769 people. [454] Retention of skilled practitioners is a problem. 70% of nursing graduates go overseas to work. The Philippines is the biggest supplier of nurses for export. [457] In 2001 there were about 1,700 hospitals , of which about 40% were government-run and 60% private. Cardiovascular diseases account for more than 25% of all deaths. According to official estimates, 1,965 cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) were reported in 2003, of which 636 had developed acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Despite the increase of HIV/AIDS cases from 12,000 in 2005 [458] to 17,450 as of April 2014 with 5,965 people who were under anti-retroviral therapy, [459] the country is still a low-HIV-prevalence country with less than 0.1% of the adult population estimated to be HIV-positive. [460] Education Main article: Education in the Philippines The University of Santo Tomas , established in 1611, has the oldest extant university charter in Asia. The Philippines has a simple literacy rate of 95.6%, with 95.1% for males and 96.1% for females. The Philippines had a functional literacy rate of 86.45%, with 84.2% for males and 88.7% for females in 2008. [461] [462] Spending on education accounted for 16.11% in the national budget proposed for 2015. [463] [464] The Commission on Higher Education (CHED) lists 2,180 higher education institutions, 607 of which are public and 1,573 private. [465] Classes start in June and end in March. The majority of colleges and universities follow a semester calendar from June to October and November to March. There are a number of foreign schools with study programs. [217] A 6-year elementary and 4-year high school education is mandatory [466] with an additional two years being added in 2013. [467] [468] Several government agencies are involved with education. The Department of Education covers elementary, secondary, and non-formal education. The Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) administers post-secondary, middle-level education training and development. The Commission on Higher Education (CHED) supervises college and graduate academic programs and degrees as well as regulates standards in higher education. [469] In 2004, madaris were mainstreamed in 16 regions nationwide, mainly in Muslim areas in Mindanao under the auspices and program of the Department of Education. [470] Public universities are all non-sectarian entities, and are further classified as State Universities and Colleges (SUC) or Local Colleges and Universities (LCU). [465] The University of the Philippines , a system of eight (8) constituent universities, is the national university system of the Philippines. [471] Culture Main articles: Festivals of the Philippines and Culture of the Philippines A participant of the Ati-Atihan Festival . Philippine culture is a combination of Eastern and Western cultures . The Philippines exhibits aspects found in other Asian countries with a Malay [472] heritage, yet its culture also displays a significant number of Spanish and American influences. Traditional festivities known as barrio fiestas (district festivals) to commemorate the feast days of patron saints are common, these community celebrations are times for feasting, music, and dancing. The Ati-Atihan , Moriones and Sinulog festivals are a couple of the most well-known. Some traditions, however, are changing or gradually being forgotten due to modernization. The Bayanihan Philippine National Folk Dance Company has been lauded for preserving many of the various traditional folk dances found throughout the Philippines. They are famed for their iconic performances of Philippine dances such as the tinikling and singkil that both feature clashing bamboo poles. [473] One of the most visible Hispanic legacies is the prevalence of Spanish names and surnames among Filipinos. a Spanish name and surname, however, does not necessarily denote Spanish ancestry. This peculiarity, unique among the people of Asia, came as a result of a colonial edict by Governor-General Narciso Clavería y Zaldua , which ordered the systematic distribution of family names and implementation of Hispanic nomenclature on the population. [474] The names of many streets, towns, and provinces are also in Spanish. The common use of the English language is an example of the American impact on Philippine society. It has contributed to the ready acceptance and influence of American pop cultural trends. This affinity is seen in Filipinos' love of fast food and American film and music. Fast food outlets are found on many street corners. American global fast food chain stalwarts have entered the market, but local fast food chains like Goldilocks and most notably Jollibee , the leading fast food chain in the country, have emerged and compete successfully against their foreign rivals. [475] [476] Architecture Main article: Architecture of the Philippines Colonial houses in Vigan . Spanish architecture has left an imprint in the Philippines in the way many towns were designed around a central square or plaza mayor , but many of the buildings bearing its influence were demolished during World War II. [57] Some examples remain, mainly among the country's churches, government buildings, and universities. Four Philippine baroque churches are included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites : the San Agustín Church in Manila, Paoay Church in Ilocos Norte , Nuestra Señora de la Asunción (Santa María) Church in Ilocos Sur , and Santo Tomás de Villanueva Church in Iloilo . [477] Vigan in Ilocos Sur is also known for the many Hispanic-style houses and buildings preserved there. [478] The American occupation in 1898 introduced a new breed of architectural structures in the Philippines. This led to the construction of government buildings and Art Deco theaters. During the American period, some semblance of city planning using the architectural designs and master plans by Daniel Burnham was done on the portions of the city of Manila . Part of the Burnham's plan was the construction of government buildings that resembled Greek or Neoclassical architecture . [479] In Iloilo , a lot of the colonial edifices constructed during the American occupation in the country can still be seen. Commercial buildings, houses and churches in that era are abundant in the city and especially in Calle Real . [480] However, certain areas of the country like Batanes have slight differences as both Spanish and Filipino ways of architecture assimilated differently due to the climate. Limestones and coral were used as building materials. [481] Idjangs or Ivatan castles were the primary shelter of the people prior to the Spanish conquest of the whole Philippines. [482] Music Main articles: Music of the Philippines and Original Pilipino Music Percussion instruments that make up the Philippine kulintang ensemble, an example of pre-Hispanic musical tradition Philippine music has evolved rapidly due to the different influences stemming from colonialism under other countries. Before the Spanish conquest of the islands, most music was reminiscent of, or heavily influenced by, nature. Some examples of this tribal music is Koyu No Tebulul of the T'boli and Ambo Hato of the Ifugao . This genre is often accompanied by gong music and one well known instrument is the Kulintang . During the Spanish era Rondalya music, where traditional string orchestra mandolin type instruments were used, was widespread. In the Philippines, Rondalya refers to any group of stringed instruments that are played using a plectrum or pick. Filipino instruments are made from indigenous Philippine wood. plectrums, or picks, are made from tortoise-shell. Other stringed instruments composing the standard Filipino rondalla are the 14-string bandurria found only in the Philippines, the laúd, the octavina, the Twelve-string guitar, the Ukulele, the bajo de uñas or double bass, the Guitarrón mexicano, and other Filipino-made instruments modeled and developed after the guitar. Harana and Kundiman are prevalent during this time wherein these songs are often used in courtship rituals. [483] Marcelo Adonay (organist), Simplicio Solis (organist), Diego C. Perez (pianist), Jose Conseco (pianist) and Doña Dolores Paterno (composer) were some of the recognized musicians in this era. Nowadays, American pop culture has a heavy hold on the Filipinos that evolved from the Spanish times when the American occupation happened. Along with Korean pop, these two are dominating the recent music scene in media. [484] [485] However, the revival of Spanish-influence folk music has been possible thanks to the different choir groups coming in and going out of the country, such as the Philippine Madrigal Singers . [486] Dance Main article: Philippine dance Tinikling dancers. Just like the evolution of Philippine music, dance as well has been in constant change. Prior to colonial rule, the Philippines has a wide array of ethnic dances from different tribal groups. This is due mainly to the fact that Philippines is an archipelago thus the different varieties of dance developed. Both Luzon and Visayas, at first, were more akin to tribal movements until the Spanish came. Mindanao represents more of an array of Muslim inspired dances and Spanish influence was minimal in the region of Zamboanga . Universal dances in the Philippines are found at societal functions such as rituals, mimicry, life cycle and parties. During the Spanish era, most dances are accompanied by Rondalya music usually with 14-string bandurrias that the Filipinos invented or by other type of stringed instruments that locally evolved in to the culture as well. One famous dance that is well known is called the Tinikling , where a band of Rondalya musicians play along with the percussive beat of the two bamboo poles. It usually starts with men and women acting a scene about 'How rural townsfolk mingle'. The dancers then graze thru the clashing of the bamboo poles held on opposite sides. The end displays the paired bamboo poles crossing each other. The Muslim version of this where bamboo poles are also used is called the Singkil . [487] Nowadays, in the Modern and Post-Modern time periods, dances vary from the delicate ballet up to the more street-oriented styles of breakdancing to name a few. [488] Visual art Main article: Art of the Philippines The Spoliarium (1884) by Juan Luna . Pottery and weaving are among the very first art forms showcasing Filipino artistic design and are evident from cave dwellings all over the country. Among these are mostly anthropomorphic earthenware jars dating from c. 5 BC to 225 AD. Weaving was mostly done by women, using fibers from abaca, pineapple, cotton, and bark to make clothes, rugs and hats. Baskets were mostly utilized to carry grain and other foods. [489] [490] Early Philippine sculpture is characterized by frontal nudity. One of the earliest forms are the bulols by the Ifugao people which serve as an assurance for bountiful harvests. The original function of these sculptures are related to the ceremonies and beliefs of the tribes who created them. Arab and Russian missionaries also brought beveled type of carvings in the form of Okkil . The beginnings of this sculpture type started with the Islamization of Sulu . The Spanish colonization of the country did not hinder Filipinos creating sculptures for objects of adoration. During this time, sculptures of deities and saints were used to teach Filipinos Christian doctrines. During the American colonialism, worshippers of faith were not discouraged to sculpt in order to adorn churches. Filipinos' first exposure to painting happened when Spain conquered the Philippines and these were used as religious propaganda often displayed in churches. However, as education progressed and wealth increased, more and more artists started to shift from the traditional religious motifs to a more secular pattern of imagery. [491] Paintings of early modernist painters such as Damián Domingo often still had a religious association but the art of Juan Luna and Félix Hidalgo showed a trend towards political statement. The first Philippine national artist Fernando Amorsolo used post-modernism to produce paintings that illustrated aspects of Philippine culture, while other artists such as Fernando Zóbel used both realistic and abstract techniques. In the modern period, the integration of architecture in the Art Deco style happened. Many of these examples can be seen in statues all over the country especially in public parks and spaces. [492] Values Further information: Filipino values As a general description, the distinct value system of Filipinos is rooted primarily in personal alliance systems, especially those based in kinship, obligation, friendship, religion (particularly Christianity ), and commercial relationships. [493] Filipino values are, for the most part, centered around maintaining social harmony, motivated primarily by the desire to be accepted within a group. [494] The main sanction against diverging from these values are the concepts of ' Hiya ', roughly translated as 'a sense of shame', and ' Amor propio ' or 'self-esteem'. [494] Social approval, acceptance by a group, and belonging to a group are major concerns. Caring about what others will think, say or do, are strong influences on social behavior among Filipinos. [495] Other elements of the Filipino value system are optimism about the future, pessimism about present situations and events, concern and care for other people, the existence of friendship and friendliness, the habit of being hospitable, religious nature, respectfulness to self and others, respect for the female members of society, the fear of God, and abhorrence of acts of cheating and thievery. [496] Cuisine Main article: Filipino cuisine Left-to-right: Lumpia , Adobo , Halo-halo and Sisig . Filipino cuisine has evolved over several centuries from its Malayo-Polynesian origins to become a mixed cuisine with many Hispanic , Chinese , American , and other Asian influences that have been adapted to local ingredients and the Filipino palate to create distinctively Filipino dishes. Dishes range from the very simple, like a meal of fried salted fish and rice, to the elaborate, such as the paellas and cocidos created for fiestas. [476] [497] Popular dishes include lechón , adobo , sinigang , kare-kare , tapa , crispy pata , pancit , lumpia , and halo-halo . Some common local ingredients used in cooking are calamansi , coconuts, saba (a kind of short wide plantain ), mangoes , ube , milkfish , and fish sauce . Filipino taste buds tend to favor robust flavors, but the cuisine is not as spicy as those of its neighbors. [476] [497] Unlike many of their Asian counterparts, Filipinos do not eat with chopsticks. they use Western cutlery. However, possibly due to rice being the primary staple food and the popularity of a large number of stews and main dishes with broth in Filipino cuisine, the main pairing of utensils seen at the Filipino dining table is that of spoon and fork, not knife and fork. [498] The traditional way of eating with the hands known as kamayan (using the washed right hand for bringing food to the mouth) [499] was previously more often seen in the less urbanized areas. [500] However, due to the various Filipino restaurants that introduced Filipino food to people of other nationalities as well as to Filipino urbanites, kamayan fast became popular. This recent trend also sometimes incorporates the 'Boodle Fight' concept (as popularized and coined by the Philippine Army), wherein banana leaves are used as giant plates on top of which rice portions and Filipino viands are placed all together for a filial, friendly and/or communal kamayan feasting. [501] Literature Main articles: Philippine literature , Philippine mythology , and Deities of Philippine mythology José Rizal is a pioneer of Philippine Revolution through his literary works. Philippine mythology has been handed down primarily through the traditional oral folk literature of the Filipino people. While each unique ethnic group has its own stories and myths to tell, Hindu and Spanish influences can nonetheless be detected in many cases. Philippine mythology mostly consists of creation stories or stories about supernatural creatures, such as the aswang , the manananggal , the diwata / engkanto , and nature. Some popular figures from Philippine mythologies are Maria Makiling , Lam-Ang , and the Sarimanok . [502] Philippine literature comprises works usually written in Filipino, Spanish, or English. Some of the most known were created from the 17th to 19th century. Adarna , for example, is a famous epic about an eponymous magical bird allegedly written by José de la Cruz or 'Huseng Sisiw'. [503] Francisco Balagtas , the poet and playwright who wrote Florante at Laura , is recognized as a preeminent writer in the Filipino language. José Rizal wrote the novels Noli Me Tángere ( Touch Me Not ) and El Filibusterismo ( The Filibustering , also known as The Reign of Greed ). He is considered a national hero. [504] His depiction of the injustices of Spanish rule, and his death by firing squad, inspired other Filipino revolutionaries to seek independence. [505] Several Filipino writers were awarded National Artist of the Philippines such as N. V. M. Gonzalez , Amado V. Hernandez , Francisco Arcellana , Nick Joaquín , F. Sionil José and many more. Media Main articles: Television in the Philippines , Radio in the Philippines , and Philippine drama Philippine media uses mainly Filipino and English. Other Philippine languages, including various Visayan languages are also used, especially in radio due to its ability to reach remote rural locations that might otherwise not be serviced by other kinds of media. The dominant television networks ABS-CBN , GMA and TV5 also have extensive radio presence. [506] The entertainment industry is vibrant and feeds broadsheets and tabloids with an unending supply of details about celebrities and sensationalist daily scandals. Drama and fantasy shows are anticipated as are Latin telenovelas , Asianovelas , and anime . Daytime television is dominated by game shows, variety shows, and talk shows such as Eat Bulaga and It's Showtime . [507] Philippine cinema has a long history and is popular domestically, but has faced increasing competition from American , Asian and European films . Critically acclaimed directors and actors include Lino Brocka and Nora Aunor for films like Maynila: Sa mga Kuko ng Liwanag ( Manila: In the Claws of Light ) and Himala ( Miracle ). [508] [509] [510] [511] In recent years it has become common to see celebrities flitting between television and movies and then moving into politics provoking concerns. [512] Cinema Main article: Cinema of the Philippines Brillante Mendoza is a prominent Filipino film director. Salón de Pertierra was the first introduced moving picture on January 1, 1897 in the Philippines. All films were all in Spanish since Philippine cinema was first introduced during the final years of the Spanish era of the country. Antonio Ramos was the first known movie producer. He used the Lumiere Cinematograph when he filmed Panorama de Manila (Manila landscape), Fiesta de Quiapo (Quiapo Fiesta), Puente de España (Bridge of Spain), and Escenas Callejeras (Street scenes). Meanwhile, Jose Nepomuceno was dubbed as the 'Father of Philippine Cinema'. [513] Dubbed as the 'Father of Philippine Cinema', his work marked the start of cinema as an art form in the Philippines. [514] His first film produced was entitled Dalagang Bukid (Country Maiden) in 1919. Film showing resumed in 1900 during the American period . Walgrah, a British entrepreneur, opened the Cine Walgrah at No. 60 Calle Santa Rosa in Intramuros . It was also during this time that a movie market was formally created in the country along with the arrival of silent movies. These silent films were always accompanied by gramophone, a piano, a quartet, or a 200-man choir. During the Japanese occupation , filmmaking was put on hold. Nonetheless, it was continued on 1930s up until 1945 replacing the Hollywood market with Japanese films but met with little success. Postwar 1940s and the 1950s were known as the first golden age of Philippine cinema with the resurgence of mostly Visayan films through Lapu-Lapu Pictures. During the 1960s, James Bond movies, bomba (soft porn) pictures and an era of musical films, produced mostly by Sampaguita Pictures, dominated the cinema. The second golden age occurred from 1970s to early 1980s. It was during this era that filmmakers ceased to produce pictures in black and white. A rise in Hollywood films dominated theater sales during the late 1980s until the 2000s. [515] The dawn of this era saw a dramatic decline of the mainstream Philippine movie industry. [516] In the year 2009, however, presence of box-office films in the Philippine Box Office has surged. The mid 2010s also saw broader commercial success of films produced by independent studios. [517] [518] Sports Main article: Sports in the Philippines A PBA game at the Smart Araneta Coliseum . Various sports and pastimes are popular in the Philippines including basketball , boxing , volleyball , football (soccer), American football , both codes of Rugby football , badminton , karate , taekwondo , billiards , ten-pin bowling , chess , and sipa . Motocross , cycling , and mountaineering are also becoming popular. Basketball is played at both amateur and professional levels and is considered to be the most popular sport in the Philippines. [519] [520] In 2010, Manny Pacquiao was named 'Fighter of the Decade' for the 2000s (decade) by the Boxing Writers Association of America (BWAA), World Boxing Council (WBC), and World Boxing Organization (WBO). [521] The national martial art and sport of the country is Arnis , Eskrima or Kali in some regions [522] The Philippines has participated in the Summer Olympic Games since 1924 and was the first country in Southeast Asia to compete and win a medal. [523] The country had competed in every Summer Olympic Games since then, except when they participated in the American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics . [524] The Philippines is also the first tropical nation to compete at the Winter Olympic Games debuting in the 1972 edition. [525] Games Sabong or Cock Derby Traditional Philippine games such as luksung baka , patintero , piko , and tumbang preso are still played primarily as children's games among the youth. [526] [527] Sungka is a traditional native Philippine board game. Card games are popular during festivities, with some, including pusoy and tong-its , being used as a form of illegal gambling . Mahjong is played in some Philippine communities. Sabong or cockfighting is another popular entertainment especially among Filipino men, and existed prior to the arrival of the Spanish. Antonio Pigafetta , Magellan's chronicler, first documented this pastime in the kingdom of Taytay. [528] [529] The yo-yo , a popular toy in the Philippines, was introduced in its modern form by Pedro Flores with its name coming from the Ilocano language . [530] See also List of sovereign state leaders in the Philippines Outline of the Philippines Culture of the Philippines Philippines portal Asia portal Notes ^ In the recognized regional languages of the Philippines : Aklan : Republika it Pilipinas Bikol : Republika kan Filipinas Cebuano : Republika sa Pilipinas Chavacano : República de Filipinas Hiligaynon : Republika sang Filipinas Ibanag : Republika nat Filipinas Ilokano : Republika ti Filipinas Ivatan : Republika nu Filipinas Kapampangan : Republika ning Filipinas Kinaray-a : Republika kang Pilipinas Maranao : Republika san Pilipinas Pangasinan : Republika na Filipinas Sambal : Republika nin Pilipinas Surigaonon : Republika nan Pilipinas Tausug : Republika sin Pilipinas Waray : Republika han Pilipinas In the recognized optional languages of the Philippines: Spanish : República de Filipinas Arabic : جمهورية الفلبين ‎, translit. Jumhuriat al-Falabin References Citations ^ 'Republic act no. 8491' . Republic of the Philippines. 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Fourth.—In considering this Spanish conquest, we must understand that the islands were far more sparsely inhabited than they are to-day. The Bisayan islands, the rich Camarines, the island of Luzon, had, in Legaspi's time, only a small fraction of their present great populations. This population was not only small, but it was also extremely disunited. Not only were the great tribes separated by the differences of language, but, as we have already seen, each tiny community was practically independent, and the power of a dato very limited. There were no great princes, with large forces of fighting retainers whom they could call to arms, such as the Portuguese had encountered among the Malays south in the Moluccas. ^ Locsin, Joel (November 1, 2014). 'For improved response? PAGASA to adopt 'super typhoon' category in 2015' . GMA News Online . Retrieved November 2, 2014 . ^ a b c d Agoncillo, Teodoro A. (1990). History of the Filipino People (8th ed.). Garotech Publishing. p. 22. 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'Filipino Values, Chapter XIII, Teaching Values in the Natural and Physical Sciences in the Philippines' . crvp.org . The Council for Research in Values and Philosophy (RVP), The Catholic University of America . Archived from the original on April 17, 2016. File dated April 8, 2000. In Dy, Manuel B., Jr., ed. (March 10, 1994). Values in Philippine Culture and Education (Philippine Philosophical Studies, Series III, Volume 7) . Cultural heritage and contemporary change. Council for Research in Values and Philosophy. ISBN 1-56518-040-2 . CS1 maint: Multiple names: editors list ( link ) ^ a b Zialcita, Fernando Nakpil (2005). Authentic Though not Exotic: Essays on Filipino Identity . Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. p. 281. ISBN 971-550-479-5 . ^ Rowthorn, Chris & Greg Bloom (2006). Philippines (9th ed.). Lonely Planet . p. 48. ISBN 1-74104-289-5 . ^ 'Filipino Eating Etiquette, Kamayan Style: the proper way to eat with your hands' . traveldeepandwide.com. ^ Zibart, Eve. (2001). The Ethnic Food Lover's Companion: Understanding the Cuisines of the World . Menasha Ridge Press. p. 277. ISBN 0-89732-372-6 . ^ Captain A's Seafood Grill In Philippine usage, the boodle fight is a military academy terminology for 'eating combat' or 'attack the food.' ^ Lopez, Mellie Leandicho (2006). A Handbook of Philippine Folklore . University of the Philippines Press. ISBN 971-542-514-3 . ^ 'Ibong Adarna in the year 2014' . philstar.com . ^ Zaide, Gregorio and Sonia (1999). Jose Rizal: Life, Works, and Writings of a Genius, Writer, Scientist and National Hero . Quezon City: All Nations publishing Co. Inc. ISBN 971-642-070-6 . Archived from the original on September 23, 2013. ^ Republic of the Philippines. National Commission for Culture and the Arts. The National Artists of the Philippines . Retrieved December 26, 2009 from the National Commission for Culture and the Arts Website. ^ Country profile: The Philippines . (December 8, 2009). BBC News . 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Retrieved April 25, 2010 from the Northern Illinois University, Center for Southeast Asian Studies, SEAsite Project. ^ Himmer, Alastair (June 5, 2010). 'Pacquiao named fighter of the decade' . Reuters . ^ Republic of the Philippines. (Approved: December 11, 2009). An Act Declaring Arnis as the National Martial Art and Sport of the Philippines. Retrieved February 18, 2010 from the Senate of the Philippines Website. ^ 'The Games of the VIII Olympiad: Official Report (part 1, page 91)' (PDF) . la84foundation.org (in French). French Olympic Committee. July 28, 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 5, 2011 . Retrieved July 28, 2012 . ^ Smothers, Ronald (July 19, 1996). 'OLYMPICS.Bitterness Lingering Over Carter's Boycott' . The New York Times . ^ The Official Report of XIth Winter Olympic Games, Sapporo 1972 (PDF) . The Organizing Committee for the Sapporo Olympic Winter Games. 1973. pp. 32, 145, 447 . Retrieved January 31, 2008 . ^ Mga Larong Kinagisnan at the Wayback Machine (archived November 6, 2007) [Games One Grows Up With]. Hagonoy.com. (archived from the original on November 6, 2007) ^ Mga Larong Pilipino [Philippine Games]. (2009). Tagalog at NIU . Retrieved December 19, 2009 from the Northern Illinois University, Center for Southeast Asian Studies, SEAsite Project. (archived from the original Archived August 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine . on June 28, 2014) ^ Dundes, Alan (1994). The Cockfight: A Casebook . Univ of Wisconsin Press. pp. 136–137 . ISBN 978-0-299-14054-0 . ^ 'Sabong: An Enduring Hallmark of Philippines History' . Top Destination Choice The Philippines.com . ^ Yo-yo . (2010). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Retrieved January 10, 2010. Bibliography Agoncillo, Teodoro A. (1990). History of the Filipino People (8th ed.). Garotech Publishing. ISBN 9718711066 . Armes, Roy (1987). Third World Film Making and the West . University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-90801-7 . Chandler, David P.. Steinberg, David Joel (1987). In Search of Southeast Asia: A Modern History (revised 2nd ed.). University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-8248-1110-0 . De Borja, Marciano R. (2005). Basques in the Philippines . University of Nevada Press. ISBN 0-87417-590-9 . Dumont, Jean-Paul (1992). Visayan Vignettes: Ethnographic Traces of a Philippine Island . Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-16954-5 . Fox, Robert B. (1970). The Tabon Caves: Archaeological Explorations and Excavations on Palawan . National Museum. ASIN B001O7GGNI. Friis, Herman Ralph, ed. (1967). The Pacific Basin: A History of Its Geographical Exploration . American Geographical Society. Go, Julian. Foster, Anne L. (2003). The American Colonial State in the Philippines: Global Perspectives . Duke University Press. ISBN 0-8223-3099-7 . Halili, Maria Christine N. (2004). Philippine History . Rex Bookstore. ISBN 9712339343 . Hirahara, Naomi (2003). Distinguished Asian American Business Leaders . Greenwood Publishing. ISBN 1-57356-344-7 . Kurlansky, Mark (1999). The Basque History of the World . Nueva York: Walker & Company. ISBN 0-8027-1349-1 . McAmis, Robert Day (2002). Malay Muslims: The History and Challenge of Resurgent Islam in Southeast Asia . Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. ISBN 0-8028-4945-8 . Munoz, Paul Michel (2006). Early Kingdoms of the Indonesian Archipelago and the Malay Peninsula . Singapore: Editions Didier Millet. ISBN 9814155675 . Osborne, Milton E. (2004). Southeast Asia: An Introductory History (9th ed.). Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-74114-448-5 . Oxford Business Group (2009). The Report: Philippines 2009 . Oxford Business Group. ISBN 1-902339-12-6 . Price, Michael G. (2002). America at War: the Philippines, 1898–1913 . Westport, CT: Greenwood. ISBN 0-275-96821-9 . Ring, Trudy. Salkin, Robert M.. La Boda, Sharon (1996). International Dictionary of Historic Places: Asia and Oceania . Taylor & Francis. ISBN 1-884964-04-4 . Rottman, Gordon L. (2002). World War 2 Pacific Island Guide – A Geo-Military Study . Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-31395-4 . Rowthorn, Chris. Bloom, Greg (2006). Philippines (9th ed.). Lonely Planet. ISBN 1-74104-289-5 . Scott, William Henry (1984). Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History . Quezon City: New Day Publishers. ISBN 9711002272 . Scott, William Henry (1994). Barangay: Sixteenth-century Philippine Culture and Society . Ateneo de Manila University Press. ISBN 9715501354 . Solheim, Wilhelm G., II (2006). Archeology and Culture in Southeast Asia . University of the Philippines Press. ISBN 9789715425087 . Spate, Oskar H. K. (1979). 'Magellan's Successors: Loaysa to Urdaneta. Two failures: Grijalva and Villalobos'. The Spanish Lake – The Pacific since Magellan . I . Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0-7099-0049-X . Tarling, Nicholas (1999). 'Part Two – From c. 1500 to c. 1800'. The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia . 1 . Cambridge, RU: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-66370-9 . Tarling, Nicholas (2000). 'From World War II to the Present'. The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia . 4 . Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-66372-5 . Tople, Lily Rose R.. Nonan-Mercado, Detch P. (2002). Philippines . Marshall Cavendish. ISBN 0-7614-1475-4 . Ure, John (2008). Telecommunications Development in Asia . Hong Kong University Press. ISBN 9789622099036 . Zaide, Gregorio F. (1957). Philippine Political and Cultural History . Philippine Education Co. Zanini, Gianni (1999). Philippines: From Crisis to Opportunity : Country Assistance Review . World Bank Publications. ISBN 0-8213-4294-0 . Zialcita, Fernando Nakpil (2005). Authentic Though not Exotic: Essays on Filipino Identity . Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. ISBN 9715504795 . Zibart, Eve (2001). The Ethnic Food Lover's Companion: Understanding the Cuisines of the World . Menasha Ridge Press. ISBN 0-89732-372-6 . 'Philippines in Figures 2014' (PDF) . Philippine Statistics Authority . Retrieved November 16, 2014 . External links Find more about Philippines at Wikipedia's sister projects Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity Government Official website of the Republic of the Philippines (Official Gazette online) Official website of the Senate of the Philippines Official website of the House of Representatives of the Philippines Official website of the Supreme Court of the Philippines Official website of Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (Central Bank of the Philippines) Official website of the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) Official website of the Philippine National Police (PNP) Official website of the Department of Tourism The Philippines Online Tourism Guide Trade World Bank summary of trade statistics: Philippines General information Philippines profile from the BBC News Philippines at the Wayback Machine (archived May 21, 2011) at UCB Libraries GovPubs 'Philippines' . 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  Toronto Filipino Real Estate Wednesday March the 7th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating Closing Costs First Time Home Buyers Greater Savings with a Larger Down Payment Mortgage Renewal Renting vs. Home Ownership Self Employed Types of Mortgages Use Your RRSP to Purchase a Home Zero Money Down Rate Watcher Calculators Amortization Calculator Land Transfer Tax Calculator Mortgage Calculator Rent ... Toronto Filipino Real Estate Wednesday March the 7th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating ... Mortgage Terms Real Estate Terms Filipino Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker Lic. M008002669 Ultimate ... Filipino Real Estate One of or The most successful Filipino / Filipina in the Toronto / GTA Mortgage ... of the Real Estate and Mortgage industries Top Professionals. Toronto Filipino Mortgage (.Com and .ca One of or The most successful Filipino / Filipina in the Toronto / GTA Mortgage and Real Estate industry CACHE

Toronto Filipino Real Estate Wednesday March the 7th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating Closing Costs First Time Home Buyers Greater Savings with a Larger Down Payment Mortgage Renewal Renting vs. Home Ownership Self Employed Types of Mortgages Use Your RRSP to Purchase a Home Zero Money Down Rate Watcher Calculators Amortization Calculator Land Transfer Tax Calculator Mortgage Calculator Rent vs. Buy Useful Links Canada Revenue Agency CMHC Genworth Financial Great Mortgage Advice Terms Mortgage Terms Real Estate Terms Filipino Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker Lic. M008002669 Ultimate Mortgage and Finance Solutions Inc FSCO Lic 11995 Brokerage Independently owned and operated Cecilia@GreatMortgageAdvice.com www.GreatMortgageAdvice.com Cell (416)728-1562 Office (416)757-9957 Toronto Filipino Real Estate One of or The most successful Filipino / Filipina in the Toronto / GTA Mortgage and Real Estate industry is Cecilia Ramos. I have The Best Contacts and Knowledge That Will Help You Achieve all of Your Real Estate Goals. I Will Help You Get The Best Possible Deal Cecilia Ramos owns a very successful Mortgage Brokerage and as such she works with many agents and investors who are Very Knowledgeable and well-connected in Your Real Estate Area. Cecilia Works with top agents and top producers who have the knowledge and ability to help you achieve your goals. Please feel free to contact Cecilia at any time to get free advice and access to her top used and reviewed Mortgage business, real estate agent, and all contacts. Contact Cecilia Ramos to get free advice from one of the Real Estate and Mortgage industries Top Professionals. Toronto Filipino Mortgage (.Com and .ca One of or The most successful Filipino / Filipina in the Toronto / GTA Mortgage and Real Estate industry is Cecilia Ramos. I have The Best Contacts and Knowledge That Will Help You Achieve all of Your Real Estate Goals. I Will Help You Get The Best Possible Deal Cecilia Ramos owns a very successful Mortgage Brokerage and as such she works with many agents and investors who are Very Knowledgeable and well-connected in Your Real Estate Area. Cecilia Works with top agents and top producers who have the knowledge and ability to help you achieve your goals. Please feel free to contact Cecilia at any time to get free advice and access to her top used and reviewed Mortgage business, real estate agent, and all contacts. Contact Cecilia Ramos to get free advice from one of the Real Estate and Mortgage industries Top Professionals. Cecilia Ramos is one of the most successful Professionals involved in the Real Estate and Mortgage industry in the GTA. Aside from being one of the most successful mortgage agents in the GTA Cecilia is also one of the few Mortgage agents that fluently and professionally speak both Tagalog and English. Cecilia understands and respects you, your family, where you come from, and how hard you work. Cecilia Ramos grew up in the Philippines and left home at the age of 18 to immigrate to Canada where her sister worked as a Care Giver. Upon arriving in Canada Cecilia worked hard full time at various low paying jobs while at the same time she studied and graduated with an Honors Degree from one of the world’s Top Universities, University of Toronto. Cecilia Ramos has been involved in the Mortgage, Real Estate, and Private Lending industry for over a decade now and she is currently a Owner / Broker of one of the Most Successful Mortgage Brokerages in Canada. Cecilia really is a truly successful immigration story, her experience has really helped her to understand and help explain the Canadian Dream. For those who do not know Tagalog is the native language of the Philippines, spoken by Filipinos / Filipinas. Filipinos are recognized all around the world for being terrific workers, loving people, well educated, and etc. Cecilia has the infrastructure, network, experience, social/negotiation skills, team, expertise, to always give the best service and interest rates. Cecilia always does her best and provides the best mortgage / real estate advice in town. I Have The Contacts and Knowledge That Will Help You Achieve Your Real Estate and Mortgage Goals. I Will Help You Get The Best Possible Deal. Please feel free to contact Cecilia anytime for all of your Mortgage and Real Estate needs. As always your referrals are greatly appreciated. Thank you, Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker / Owner M08002669 VERICO Ultimate Mortgage & Finance Corp Tel (416)757-9957 Fax (416)757-9937 Cell (416)728-1562 Cecilia@GreatMortgageAdvice.com www.GreatMortgageAdvice.com Call me Cecil, Cecilie, Cicel, and of course Cecilia Ramos, I am the mortgage lady, when you think mortgage think Cecilia Ramos, Cecilia Mortgage August 22, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: best mortgage toronto cecil cecilie cicel cecilia ramos mortgage lady Read More Filipino Mortgage Broker - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Mortgage Agent - 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Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Etobicoke Filipino Realtor June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: etobicoke filipino realtor toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More North York Filipino Realtor June 18, 2011 - 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Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarbough filipino realtor tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Scarborough Filipino Debt Consultant June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: scarborough filipino debt consultant toronto filipino debt consultant debt relief debt consolidation refinance get rid of your debt toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Toronto Filipino Debt Consultant June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino debt consultant debt relief debt consolidation refinance get rid of your debt toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Home | Top | Printer Friendly | + Bookmark | Privacy Policy



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  Filipino Mortgage Monday February the 26th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating Closing Costs First Time Home Buyers Greater Savings with a Larger Down Payment Mortgage Renewal Renting vs. Home Ownership Self Employed Types of Mortgages Use Your RRSP to Purchase a Home Zero Money Down Rate Watcher Calculators Amortization Calculator Land Transfer Tax Calculator Mortgage Calculator Rent vs. Buy ... Filipino Mortgage Monday February the 26th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating Closing Costs ... Terms Real Estate Terms Filipino Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker Lic. M008002669 Ultimate Mortgage ... @GreatMortgageAdvice.com Filipino Mortgage Cecilia Ramos is one of or The most successful Filipino / Filipina ... , when you think mortgage think Cecilia Ramos, Cecilia Mortgage August 22, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: best mortgage toronto cecil cecilie cicel cecilia ramos mortgage lady Read More Filipino CACHE

Filipino Mortgage Monday February the 26th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating Closing Costs First Time Home Buyers Greater Savings with a Larger Down Payment Mortgage Renewal Renting vs. Home Ownership Self Employed Types of Mortgages Use Your RRSP to Purchase a Home Zero Money Down Rate Watcher Calculators Amortization Calculator Land Transfer Tax Calculator Mortgage Calculator Rent vs. Buy Useful Links Canada Revenue Agency CMHC Genworth Financial Great Mortgage Advice Terms Mortgage Terms Real Estate Terms Filipino Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker Lic. M008002669 Ultimate Mortgage and Finance Solutions Inc FSCO Lic 11995 Brokerage Independently owned and operated Cecilia@GreatMortgageAdvice.com www.GreatMortgageAdvice.com Cell (416)728-1562 Office (416)757-9957 Cecilia@GreatMortgageAdvice.com Filipino Mortgage Cecilia Ramos is one of or The most successful Filipino / Filipina in the Toronto / GTA Mortgage and Real Estate industry. Cecilia has The Contacts and Knowledge That Will Help You achieve all of Your Real Estate Goals. She Will Help You Get The Best Deal. She owns a very successful Mortgage Brokerage and as such works with many agents and investors who are Very Knowledgeable and well-connected in Your Real Estate Area. I have the top producers who have the knowledge and ability to help you achieve your goals. Please feel free to contact me at any time to get free advice and access to my expertise and successful Mortgage business, find great real estate agents, and all other helpful contacts. Contact Cecilia Ramos anytime to get free Mortgage Advice or to get help from the top real estate agents in Toronto. I Have The Contacts and Knowledge That Will Help You Achieve Your Real Estate and Mortgage Goals. I Will Help You Get The Best Possible Deal. Cecilia Ramos is one of the most successful Professionals involved in the Real Estate and Mortgage industry in the GTA. Aside from being one of the most successful mortgage agents in the GTA Cecilia is also one of the few Mortgage agents that fluently and professionally speak both Tagalog and English. Cecilia understands and respects you, your family, where you come from, and how hard you work. Cecilia Ramos grew up in the Philippines and left home at the age of 18 to immigrate to Canada where her sister worked as a Care Giver. Upon arriving in Canada Cecilia worked hard full time at various low paying jobs while at the same time she studied and graduated with an Honors Degree from one of the world’s Top Universities, University of Toronto. Cecilia Ramos has been involved in the Mortgage, Real Estate, and Private Lending industry for over a decade now and she is currently a Owner / Broker of one of the Most Successful Mortgage Brokerages in Canada. Cecilia really is a truly successful immigration story, her experience has really helped her to understand and help explain the Canadian Dream. For those who do not know Tagalog is the native language of the Philippines, spoken by Filipinos / Filipinas. Filipinos are recognized all around the world for being terrific workers, loving people, well educated, and etc. I have the infrastructure, network, experience, social/negotiation skills, team, expertise, to always give the best service and interest rates. I always do my best and provide the best mortgage / real estate advice to you and your family. Please feel free to contact Cecilia anytime for all of your Mortgage and Real Estate needs. As always your referrals are greatly appreciated. Thank you, Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker / Owner M08002669 VERICO Ultimate Mortgage & Finance Corp Tel (416)757-9957 Fax (416)757-9937 Cell (416)728-1562 Cecilia@GreatMortgageAdvice.com www.GreatMortgageAdvice.com Call me Cecil, Cecilie, Cicel, and of course Cecilia Ramos, I am the mortgage lady, when you think mortgage think Cecilia Ramos, Cecilia Mortgage August 22, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: best mortgage toronto cecil cecilie cicel cecilia ramos mortgage lady Read More Filipino Mortgage Broker - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Mortgage Agent - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Mortgage Broker - Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Mortgage Agent - Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Agent - Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Broker - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Broker Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 9, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Agent - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Scarborough Filipino Mortgage Broker June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Etobicoke Filipino Realtor June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: etobicoke filipino realtor toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More North York Filipino Realtor June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent north york filipino realtor tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Scarborough Filipino Realtor June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarbough filipino realtor tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Scarborough Filipino Debt Consultant June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: scarborough filipino debt consultant toronto filipino debt consultant debt relief debt consolidation refinance get rid of your debt toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Toronto Filipino Debt Consultant June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino debt consultant debt relief debt consolidation refinance get rid of your debt toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Home | Top | Printer Friendly | + Bookmark | Privacy Policy



http://filipinomortgagetoronto.com
  Filipino Mortgage Toronto Monday February the 26th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating Closing Costs First Time Home Buyers Greater Savings with a Larger Down Payment Mortgage Renewal Renting vs. Home Ownership Self Employed Types of Mortgages Use Your RRSP to Purchase a Home Zero Money Down Rate Watcher Calculators Amortization Calculator Land Transfer Tax Calculator Mortgage Calculator Rent ... Filipino Mortgage Toronto Monday February the 26th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating ... Mortgage Terms Real Estate Terms Filipino Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker Lic. M008002669 Ultimate ... @GreatMortgageAdvice.com Filipino Mortgage Toronto One of or The most successful Toronto Filipino ... think Cecilia Ramos, Cecilia Mortgage August 22, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: best mortgage toronto cecil cecilie cicel cecilia ramos mortgage lady Read More Filipino Mortgage Broker - Toronto June 27 CACHE

Filipino Mortgage Toronto Monday February the 26th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating Closing Costs First Time Home Buyers Greater Savings with a Larger Down Payment Mortgage Renewal Renting vs. Home Ownership Self Employed Types of Mortgages Use Your RRSP to Purchase a Home Zero Money Down Rate Watcher Calculators Amortization Calculator Land Transfer Tax Calculator Mortgage Calculator Rent vs. Buy Useful Links Canada Revenue Agency CMHC Genworth Financial Great Mortgage Advice Terms Mortgage Terms Real Estate Terms Filipino Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker Lic. M008002669 Ultimate Mortgage and Finance Solutions Inc FSCO Lic 11995 Brokerage Independently owned and operated Cecilia@GreatMortgageAdvice.com www.GreatMortgageAdvice.com Cell (416)728-1562 Office (416)757-9957 Cecilia@GreatMortgageAdvice.com Filipino Mortgage Toronto One of or The most successful Toronto Filipino mortgage agents / Toronto Filipina Mortgage agents in the Toronto / GTA. I love the Mortgage and Real Estate industr. I have The Best Contacts and Knowledge That Will Help You achieve all of Your Real Estate Goals. I Will Help You Get The Best Possible Deal Cecilia Ramos owns a very successful Mortgage Brokerage and as such she works with many agents and investors who are Very Knowledgeable and well-connected in Your Real Estate Area. Cecilia Works with top agents and top producers who have the knowledge and ability to help you achieve your goals. Please feel free to contact Cecilia at any time to get free advice and access to her top used and reviewed Mortgage business, real estate agent, and all contacts. Contact Cecilia Ramos to get free advice from one of the Real Estate and Mortgage industries Top Professionals. Cecilia Ramos is one of the most successful Professionals involved in the Real Estate and Mortgage industry in the GTA. Aside from being one of the most successful mortgage agents in the GTA Cecilia is also one of the few Mortgage agents that fluently and professionally speak both Tagalog and English. Cecilia understands and respects you, your family, where you come from, and how hard you work. Cecilia Ramos grew up in the Philippines and left home at the age of 18 to immigrate to Canada where her sister worked as a Care Giver. Upon arriving in Canada Cecilia worked hard full time at various low paying jobs while at the same time she studied and graduated with an Honors Degree from one of the world’s Top Universities, University of Toronto. Cecilia Ramos has been involved in the Mortgage, Real Estate, and Private Lending industry for over a decade now and she is currently a Owner / Broker of one of the Most Successful Mortgage Brokerages in Canada. Cecilia really is a truly successful immigration story, her experience has really helped her to understand and help explain the Canadian Dream. For those who do not know Tagalog is the native language of the Philippines, spoken by Filipinos / Filipinas. Filipinos are recognized all around the world for being terrific workers, loving people, well educated, and etc. Cecilia has the infrastructure, network, experience, social/negotiation skills, team, expertise, to always give the best service and interest rates. Cecilia always does her best and provides the best mortgage / real estate advice in town. I Have The Contacts and Knowledge That Will Help You Achieve Your Real Estate and Mortgage Goals. I Will Help You Get The Best Possible Deal. Please feel free to contact Cecilia anytime for all of your Mortgage and Real Estate needs. As always your referrals are greatly appreciated. Thank you, Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker / Owner M08002669 VERICO Ultimate Mortgage & Finance Corp Tel (416)757-9957 Fax (416)757-9937 Cell (416)728-1562 Cecilia@GreatMortgageAdvice.com www.GreatMortgageAdvice.com Call me Cecil, Cecilie, Cicel, and of course Cecilia Ramos, I am the mortgage lady, when you think mortgage think Cecilia Ramos, Cecilia Mortgage August 22, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: best mortgage toronto cecil cecilie cicel cecilia ramos mortgage lady Read More Filipino Mortgage Broker - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Mortgage Agent - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Mortgage Broker - Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Mortgage Agent - Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Agent - Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Broker - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Broker Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 9, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Agent - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Scarborough Filipino Mortgage Broker June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Etobicoke Filipino Realtor June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: etobicoke filipino realtor toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More North York Filipino Realtor June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent north york filipino realtor tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Scarborough Filipino Realtor June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarbough filipino realtor tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Scarborough Filipino Debt Consultant June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: scarborough filipino debt consultant toronto filipino debt consultant debt relief debt consolidation refinance get rid of your debt toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Toronto Filipino Debt Consultant June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino debt consultant debt relief debt consolidation refinance get rid of your debt toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Home | Top | Printer Friendly | + Bookmark | Privacy Policy



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  Filipino Real Estate Toronto Monday February the 26th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating Closing Costs First Time Home Buyers Greater Savings with a Larger Down Payment Mortgage Renewal Renting vs. Home Ownership Self Employed Types of Mortgages Use Your RRSP to Purchase a Home Zero Money Down Rate Watcher Calculators Amortization Calculator Land Transfer Tax Calculator Mortgage Calculator Rent ... Filipino Real Estate Toronto Monday February the 26th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating ... Mortgage Terms Real Estate Terms Filipino Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker Lic. M008002669 Ultimate ... @GreatMortgageAdvice.com www.GreatMortgageAdvice.com Cell (416)728-1562 Office (416)757-9957 Filipino Real Estate Toronto Cecilia Ramos is one of or The most successful Filipino / Filipina ... Filipino Blog Tagged with: best mortgage toronto cecil cecilie cicel cecilia ramos mortgage lady CACHE

Filipino Real Estate Toronto Monday February the 26th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating Closing Costs First Time Home Buyers Greater Savings with a Larger Down Payment Mortgage Renewal Renting vs. Home Ownership Self Employed Types of Mortgages Use Your RRSP to Purchase a Home Zero Money Down Rate Watcher Calculators Amortization Calculator Land Transfer Tax Calculator Mortgage Calculator Rent vs. Buy Useful Links Canada Revenue Agency CMHC Genworth Financial Great Mortgage Advice Terms Mortgage Terms Real Estate Terms Filipino Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker Lic. M008002669 Ultimate Mortgage and Finance Solutions Inc FSCO Lic 11995 Brokerage Independently owned and operated Cecilia@GreatMortgageAdvice.com www.GreatMortgageAdvice.com Cell (416)728-1562 Office (416)757-9957 Filipino Real Estate Toronto Cecilia Ramos is one of or The most successful Filipino / Filipina in the Toronto / GTA Mortgage and Real Estate industry is Cecilia Ramos. She has The Best Contacts and Knowledge That Will Help You Achieve all of Your Real Estate Goals. I Will Help You Get The Best Possible Deal Cecilia Ramos owns a very successful Mortgage Brokerage and as such she works with many agents and investors who are Very Knowledgeable and well-connected in Your Real Estate Area. Cecilia Works with top agents and top producers who have the knowledge and ability to help you achieve your goals. Please feel free to contact Cecilia at any time to get free advice and access to her top used and reviewed Mortgage business, real estate agent, and all contacts. Contact Cecilia Ramos to get free advice from one of the Real Estate and Mortgage industries Top Professionals. Cecilia Ramos is one of the most successful Professionals involved in the Real Estate and Mortgage industry in the GTA. Aside from being one of the most successful mortgage agents in the GTA Cecilia is also one of the few Mortgage agents that fluently and professionally speak both Tagalog and English. Cecilia understands and respects you, your family, where you come from, and how hard you work. Cecilia Ramos grew up in the Philippines and left home at the age of 18 to immigrate to Canada where her sister worked as a Care Giver. Upon arriving in Canada Cecilia worked hard full time at various low paying jobs while at the same time she studied and graduated with an Honors Degree from one of the world’s Top Universities, University of Toronto. Cecilia Ramos has been involved in the Mortgage, Real Estate, and Private Lending industry for over a decade now and she is currently a Owner / Broker of one of the Most Successful Mortgage Brokerages in Canada. Cecilia really is a truly successful immigration story, her experience has really helped her to understand and help explain the Canadian Dream. For those who do not know Tagalog is the native language of the Philippines, spoken by Filipinos / Filipinas. Filipinos are recognized all around the world for being terrific workers, loving people, well educated, and etc. Cecilia has the infrastructure, network, experience, social/negotiation skills, team, expertise, to always give the best service and interest rates. Cecilia always does her best and provides the best mortgage / real estate advice in town. I Have The Contacts and Knowledge That Will Help You Achieve Your Real Estate and Mortgage Goals. I Will Help You Get The Best Possible Deal. Please feel free to contact Cecilia anytime for all of your Mortgage and Real Estate needs. As always your referrals are greatly appreciated. Thank you, Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker / Owner M08002669 VERICO Ultimate Mortgage & Finance Corp Tel (416)757-9957 Fax (416)757-9937 Cell (416)728-1562 Cecilia@GreatMortgageAdvice.com www.GreatMortgageAdvice.com Call me Cecil, Cecilie, Cicel, and of course Cecilia Ramos, I am the mortgage lady, when you think mortgage think Cecilia Ramos, Cecilia Mortgage August 22, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: best mortgage toronto cecil cecilie cicel cecilia ramos mortgage lady Read More Filipino Mortgage Broker - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Mortgage Agent - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Mortgage Broker - Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Mortgage Agent - Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Agent - Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Broker - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Broker Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 9, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Agent - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Scarborough Filipino Mortgage Broker June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Etobicoke Filipino Realtor June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: etobicoke filipino realtor toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More North York Filipino Realtor June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent north york filipino realtor tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Scarborough Filipino Realtor June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarbough filipino realtor tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Scarborough Filipino Debt Consultant June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: scarborough filipino debt consultant toronto filipino debt consultant debt relief debt consolidation refinance get rid of your debt toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Toronto Filipino Debt Consultant June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino debt consultant debt relief debt consolidation refinance get rid of your debt toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Home | Top | Printer Friendly | + Bookmark | Privacy Policy



http://filipinorealtortoronto.com
  Filipino Realtor Toronto Monday February the 26th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating Closing Costs First Time Home Buyers Greater Savings with a Larger Down Payment Mortgage Renewal Renting vs. Home Ownership Self Employed Types of Mortgages Use Your RRSP to Purchase a Home Zero Money Down Rate Watcher Calculators Amortization Calculator Land Transfer Tax Calculator Mortgage Calculator Rent ... Filipino Realtor Toronto Monday February the 26th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating Closing ... Mortgage Terms Real Estate Terms Filipino Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker Lic. M008002669 Ultimate ... @GreatMortgageAdvice.com www.GreatMortgageAdvice.com Cell (416)728-1562 Office (416)757-9957 Filipino Realtor Toronto I am one of or The most successful Filipino / Filipina in the Toronto / GTA Mortgage ... , when you think mortgage think Cecilia Ramos, Cecilia Mortgage August 22, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged CACHE

Filipino Realtor Toronto Monday February the 26th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating Closing Costs First Time Home Buyers Greater Savings with a Larger Down Payment Mortgage Renewal Renting vs. Home Ownership Self Employed Types of Mortgages Use Your RRSP to Purchase a Home Zero Money Down Rate Watcher Calculators Amortization Calculator Land Transfer Tax Calculator Mortgage Calculator Rent vs. Buy Useful Links Canada Revenue Agency CMHC Genworth Financial Great Mortgage Advice Terms Mortgage Terms Real Estate Terms Filipino Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker Lic. M008002669 Ultimate Mortgage and Finance Solutions Inc FSCO Lic 11995 Brokerage Independently owned and operated Cecilia@GreatMortgageAdvice.com www.GreatMortgageAdvice.com Cell (416)728-1562 Office (416)757-9957 Filipino Realtor Toronto I am one of or The most successful Filipino / Filipina in the Toronto / GTA Mortgage and Real Estate industry is Cecilia Ramos. I have The Best Contacts and Knowledge That Will Help You Achieve all of Your Real Estate Goals. I Will Help You Get The Best Possible Deal Cecilia Ramos owns a very successful Mortgage Brokerage and as such she works with many agents and investors who are Very Knowledgeable and well-connected in Your Real Estate Area. Cecilia Works with top agents and top producers who have the knowledge and ability to help you achieve your goals. Please feel free to contact Cecilia at any time to get free advice and access to her top used and reviewed Mortgage business, real estate agent, and all contacts. Contact Cecilia Ramos to get free advice from one of the Real Estate and Mortgage industries Top Professionals. Cecilia Ramos is one of the most successful Professionals involved in the Real Estate and Mortgage industry in the GTA. Aside from being one of the most successful mortgage agents in the GTA Cecilia is also one of the few Mortgage agents that fluently and professionally speak both Tagalog and English. Cecilia understands and respects you, your family, where you come from, and how hard you work. Cecilia Ramos grew up in the Philippines and left home at the age of 18 to immigrate to Canada where her sister worked as a Care Giver. Upon arriving in Canada Cecilia worked hard full time at various low paying jobs while at the same time she studied and graduated with an Honors Degree from one of the world’s Top Universities, University of Toronto. Cecilia Ramos has been involved in the Mortgage, Real Estate, and Private Lending industry for over a decade now and she is currently a Owner / Broker of one of the Most Successful Mortgage Brokerages in Canada. Cecilia really is a truly successful immigration story, her experience has really helped her to understand and help explain the Canadian Dream. For those who do not know Tagalog is the native language of the Philippines, spoken by Filipinos / Filipinas. Filipinos are recognized all around the world for being terrific workers, loving people, well educated, and etc. Cecilia has the infrastructure, network, experience, social/negotiation skills, team, expertise, to always give the best service and interest rates. Cecilia always does her best and provides the best mortgage / real estate advice in town. I Have The Contacts and Knowledge That Will Help You Achieve Your Real Estate and Mortgage Goals. I Will Help You Get The Best Possible Deal. Please feel free to contact Cecilia anytime for all of your Mortgage and Real Estate needs. As always your referrals are greatly appreciated. Thank you, Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker / Owner M08002669 VERICO Ultimate Mortgage & Finance Corp Tel (416)757-9957 Fax (416)757-9937 Cell (416)728-1562 Cecilia@GreatMortgageAdvice.com www.GreatMortgageAdvice.com Call me Cecil, Cecilie, Cicel, and of course Cecilia Ramos, I am the mortgage lady, when you think mortgage think Cecilia Ramos, Cecilia Mortgage August 22, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: best mortgage toronto cecil cecilie cicel cecilia ramos mortgage lady Read More Filipino Mortgage Broker - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Mortgage Agent - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Mortgage Broker - Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Mortgage Agent - Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Agent - Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Broker - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Broker Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 9, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Agent - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Scarborough Filipino Mortgage Broker June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Etobicoke Filipino Realtor June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: etobicoke filipino realtor toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More North York Filipino Realtor June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent north york filipino realtor tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Scarborough Filipino Realtor June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarbough filipino realtor tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Scarborough Filipino Debt Consultant June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: scarborough filipino debt consultant toronto filipino debt consultant debt relief debt consolidation refinance get rid of your debt toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Toronto Filipino Debt Consultant June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino debt consultant debt relief debt consolidation refinance get rid of your debt toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Home | Top | Printer Friendly | + Bookmark | Privacy Policy



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  Toronto Filipino Mortgage Wednesday March the 7th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating Closing Costs First Time Home Buyers Greater Savings with a Larger Down Payment Mortgage Renewal Renting vs. Home Ownership Self Employed Types of Mortgages Use Your RRSP to Purchase a Home Zero Money Down Rate Watcher Calculators Amortization Calculator Land Transfer Tax Calculator Mortgage Calculator Rent ... Toronto Filipino Mortgage Wednesday March the 7th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating Closing ... Mortgage Terms Real Estate Terms Filipino Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker Lic. M008002669 Ultimate ... @GreatMortgageAdvice.com Toronto Filipino Mortgage One of or The most successful Filipino / Filipina ... 22, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: best mortgage toronto cecil cecilie cicel cecilia ramos mortgage lady Read More Filipino Mortgage Broker - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino CACHE

Toronto Filipino Mortgage Wednesday March the 7th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating Closing Costs First Time Home Buyers Greater Savings with a Larger Down Payment Mortgage Renewal Renting vs. Home Ownership Self Employed Types of Mortgages Use Your RRSP to Purchase a Home Zero Money Down Rate Watcher Calculators Amortization Calculator Land Transfer Tax Calculator Mortgage Calculator Rent vs. Buy Useful Links Canada Revenue Agency CMHC Genworth Financial Great Mortgage Advice Terms Mortgage Terms Real Estate Terms Filipino Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker Lic. M008002669 Ultimate Mortgage and Finance Solutions Inc FSCO Lic 11995 Brokerage Independently owned and operated Cecilia@GreatMortgageAdvice.com www.GreatMortgageAdvice.com Cell (416)728-1562 Office (416)757-9957 Cecilia@GreatMortgageAdvice.com Toronto Filipino Mortgage One of or The most successful Filipino / Filipina in the Toronto / GTA Mortgage and Real Estate industry is Cecilia Ramos. I have The Best Contacts and Knowledge That Will Help You Achieve all of Your Real Estate Goals. I Will Help You Get The Best Possible Deal Cecilia Ramos owns a very successful Mortgage Brokerage and as such she works with many agents and investors who are Very Knowledgeable and well-connected in Your Real Estate Area. Cecilia Works with top agents and top producers who have the knowledge and ability to help you achieve your goals. Please feel free to contact Cecilia at any time to get free advice and access to her top used and reviewed Mortgage business, real estate agent, and all contacts. Contact Cecilia Ramos to get free advice from one of the Real Estate and Mortgage industries Top Professionals. Cecilia Ramos is one of the most successful Professionals involved in the Real Estate and Mortgage industry in the GTA. Aside from being one of the most successful mortgage agents in the GTA Cecilia is also one of the few Mortgage agents that fluently and professionally speak both Tagalog and English. Cecilia understands and respects you, your family, where you come from, and how hard you work. Cecilia Ramos grew up in the Philippines and left home at the age of 18 to immigrate to Canada where her sister worked as a Care Giver. Upon arriving in Canada Cecilia worked hard full time at various low paying jobs while at the same time she studied and graduated with an Honors Degree from one of the world’s Top Universities, University of Toronto. Cecilia Ramos has been involved in the Mortgage, Real Estate, and Private Lending industry for over a decade now and she is currently a Owner / Broker of one of the Most Successful Mortgage Brokerages in Canada. Cecilia really is a truly successful immigration story, her experience has really helped her to understand and help explain the Canadian Dream. For those who do not know Tagalog is the native language of the Philippines, spoken by Filipinos / Filipinas. Filipinos are recognized all around the world for being terrific workers, loving people, well educated, and etc. Cecilia has the infrastructure, network, experience, social/negotiation skills, team, expertise, to always give the best service and interest rates. Cecilia always does her best and provides the best mortgage / real estate advice in town. I Have The Contacts and Knowledge That Will Help You Achieve Your Real Estate and Mortgage Goals. I Will Help You Get The Best Possible Deal. Please feel free to contact Cecilia anytime for all of your Mortgage and Real Estate needs. As always your referrals are greatly appreciated. Thank you, Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker / Owner M08002669 VERICO Ultimate Mortgage & Finance Corp Tel (416)757-9957 Fax (416)757-9937 Cell (416)728-1562 Cecilia@GreatMortgageAdvice.com www.GreatMortgageAdvice.com Call me Cecil, Cecilie, Cicel, and of course Cecilia Ramos, I am the mortgage lady, when you think mortgage think Cecilia Ramos, Cecilia Mortgage August 22, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: best mortgage toronto cecil cecilie cicel cecilia ramos mortgage lady Read More Filipino Mortgage Broker - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Mortgage Agent - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Mortgage Broker - Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Mortgage Agent - Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Agent - Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Broker - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Broker Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 9, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Agent - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Scarborough Filipino Mortgage Broker June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Etobicoke Filipino Realtor June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: etobicoke filipino realtor toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More North York Filipino Realtor June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent north york filipino realtor tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Scarborough Filipino Realtor June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarbough filipino realtor tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Scarborough Filipino Debt Consultant June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: scarborough filipino debt consultant toronto filipino debt consultant debt relief debt consolidation refinance get rid of your debt toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Toronto Filipino Debt Consultant June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino debt consultant debt relief debt consolidation refinance get rid of your debt toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Home | Top | Printer Friendly | + Bookmark | Privacy Policy



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  toronto Filipino Realtor Wednesday March the 7th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating Closing Costs First Time Home Buyers Greater Savings with a Larger Down Payment Mortgage Renewal Renting vs. Home Ownership Self Employed Types of Mortgages Use Your RRSP to Purchase a Home Zero Money Down Rate Watcher Calculators Amortization Calculator Land Transfer Tax Calculator Mortgage Calculator Rent vs. ... toronto Filipino Realtor Wednesday March the 7th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating Closing ... Mortgage Terms Real Estate Terms Filipino Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker Lic. M008002669 Ultimate ... for visiting Toronto Filipino Realtor I am the or at least one of the most successful Filipino ... , Cecilia Mortgage August 22, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: best mortgage toronto cecil cecilie cicel cecilia ramos mortgage lady Read More Filipino Mortgage Broker - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated CACHE

toronto Filipino Realtor Wednesday March the 7th, 2018 Mortgage Information Credit Rating Closing Costs First Time Home Buyers Greater Savings with a Larger Down Payment Mortgage Renewal Renting vs. Home Ownership Self Employed Types of Mortgages Use Your RRSP to Purchase a Home Zero Money Down Rate Watcher Calculators Amortization Calculator Land Transfer Tax Calculator Mortgage Calculator Rent vs. Buy Useful Links Canada Revenue Agency CMHC Genworth Financial Great Mortgage Advice Terms Mortgage Terms Real Estate Terms Filipino Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker Lic. M008002669 Ultimate Mortgage and Finance Solutions Inc FSCO Lic 11995 Brokerage Independently owned and operated Cecilia@GreatMortgageAdvice.com www.GreatMortgageAdvice.com Cell (416)728-1562 Office (416)757-9957 Thank you for visiting Toronto Filipino Realtor I am the or at least one of the most successful Filipino / Filipina in the Toronto / GTA Mortgage and Real Estate industry. My success expands over a decade and during that time I have amassed The Best Contacts and Knowledge That Will Help You Achieve all of Your Real Estate Goals. I Will Help You Get The Best Possible Deal I own a very successful Mortgage Brokerage and as such works with many agents and investors who are Very Knowledgeable and well-connected in Your Real Estate Area. I work with top agents and top producers who have the knowledge and ability to help you achieve your goals. Please feel free to contact me at any time to get free advice and access to her top used and reviewed Mortgage business, real estate agent, and all contacts. Contact Cecilia Ramos to get free advice from one of the Real Estate and Mortgage industries Top Professionals. Cecilia Ramos is one of the most successful Professionals involved in the Real Estate and Mortgage industry in the GTA. Aside from being one of the most successful mortgage agents in the GTA Cecilia is also one of the few Mortgage agents that fluently and professionally speak both Tagalog and English. Cecilia understands and respects you, your family, where you come from, and how hard you work. Cecilia Ramos grew up in the Philippines and left home at the age of 18 to immigrate to Canada where her sister worked as a Care Giver. Upon arriving in Canada Cecilia worked hard full time at various low paying jobs while at the same time she studied and graduated with an Honors Degree from one of the world’s Top Universities, University of Toronto. Cecilia Ramos has been involved in the Mortgage, Real Estate, and Private Lending industry for over a decade now and she is currently a Owner / Broker of one of the Most Successful Mortgage Brokerages in Canada. Cecilia really is a truly successful immigration story, her experience has really helped her to understand and help explain the Canadian Dream. For those who do not know Tagalog is the native language of the Philippines, spoken by Filipinos / Filipinas. Filipinos are recognized all around the world for being terrific workers, loving people, well educated, and etc. Cecilia has the infrastructure, network, experience, social/negotiation skills, team, expertise, to always give the best service and interest rates. Cecilia always does her best and provides the best mortgage / real estate advice in town. I Have The Contacts and Knowledge That Will Help You Achieve Your Real Estate and Mortgage Goals. I Will Help You Get The Best Possible Deal. Please feel free to contact Cecilia anytime for all of your Mortgage and Real Estate needs. As always your referrals are greatly appreciated. Thank you, Cecilia Ramos Mortgage Broker / Owner M08002669 VERICO Ultimate Mortgage & Finance Corp Tel (416)757-9957 Fax (416)757-9937 Cell (416)728-1562 Cecilia@GreatMortgageAdvice.com www.GreatMortgageAdvice.com Call me Cecil, Cecilie, Cicel, and of course Cecilia Ramos, I am the mortgage lady, when you think mortgage think Cecilia Ramos, Cecilia Mortgage August 22, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: best mortgage toronto cecil cecilie cicel cecilia ramos mortgage lady Read More Filipino Mortgage Broker - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Mortgage Agent - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Mortgage Broker - 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Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Agent - Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Broker - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Broker Scarborough June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 9, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Filipino Real Estate Agent - Toronto June 27, 2013 - Updated: December 5, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Scarborough Filipino Mortgage Broker June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Etobicoke Filipino Realtor June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: etobicoke filipino realtor toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More North York Filipino Realtor June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent north york filipino realtor tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Scarborough Filipino Realtor June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarbough filipino realtor tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Scarborough Filipino Debt Consultant June 18, 2011 - Updated: August 1, 2013 Filipino Blog Tagged with: scarborough filipino debt consultant toronto filipino debt consultant debt relief debt consolidation refinance get rid of your debt toronto filipino real estate toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipino mortgage toronto filipina real estate filcrea filipino morgage professional filipino mortgage broker filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage agent scarborough filipina mortgage toronto filipino mortgage professional filipino mortgage agent filipina mortgage agent toronto tagalog real estate toront filipina mortgage toronto filipina real estate toronto filipino mortgage agent toronto filipino mortgage broker toronto filipino mortgage tagalog real estate toronto filipina mortgage filipino real estate toronto filipino realtor scarborough filipino realtor scarborough filipino mortgage markham filipino mortgage scarborough filipino real estate markham filipino real estate pickering filipino mortgage ajax filipino realtor ajax filipino mortgage ajax filipino real estate mississauga filipino mortgage mississauga filipino real estate mississauga filipino realtor Read More Toronto Filipino Debt Consultant June 18, 2011 - 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https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/ABS-CBN
  ABS-CBN – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre ABS-CBN Origem: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre. Ir para: navegação , pesquisa Esta página ou secção cita fontes fiáveis e independentes , mas que não cobrem todo o conteúdo, o que compromete a verificabilidade (desde julho de 2017) . Por favor, insira mais referências no texto . Material sem fontes poderá ser removido . — Encontre fontes: Google ( notícias ... Ignacia Street, Diliman Slogan In the Service of the Filipino Worldwide (No serviço do filipino em ... ) Cobertura 100% do território nacional Cobertura internacional The Filipino Channel Nome(s) anteriore ... Radio e Filipino Radyo Network) cinco redes de televisão internacionais premium (Bro, Cinema One, a versão local da ABS-CBN Sports + Action Global, e The Filipino Channel), uma rede de televisão a cabo ... de TV Filipino. Em 1972, de propriedade da rede ABS-CBN e operado duas estações de televisão e 7 CACHE

ABS-CBN – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre ABS-CBN Origem: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre. Ir para: navegação , pesquisa Esta página ou secção cita fontes fiáveis e independentes , mas que não cobrem todo o conteúdo, o que compromete a verificabilidade (desde julho de 2017) . Por favor, insira mais referências no texto . Material sem fontes poderá ser removido . — Encontre fontes: Google ( notícias , livros e acadêmico ) ABS-CBN ABS-CBN Corporation ABS-CBN TV-2 Manila Logotipo usado desde 2014. Tipo Rede de televisão aberta País Filipinas Fundação 23 de outubro de 1953 (64 anos) por James Lindenberg, Antonio Quirino, Eugenio Lopez Sr. e Fernando Lopez Pertence a ABS-CBN Corporation Proprietário Lopez Group of Companies Presidente Carlo Katigbak (Presidente e executivo-chefe) Maria Socorro Vidanes (Diretor de operações) Cidade de origem Cidade Quezon Sede Cidade Quezon Sgt. Esguerra Avenue corner Mother Ignacia Street, Diliman Estúdios Cidade Quezon Sgt. Esguerra Avenue corner Mother Ignacia Street, Diliman Slogan In the Service of the Filipino Worldwide (No serviço do filipino em todo o mundo) Isang Pamilya Tayo (Somos e uma familia) Formato de vídeo 480i ( SDTV ) 1080i ( HDTV ) Cobertura 100% do território nacional Cobertura internacional The Filipino Channel Nome(s) anteriore(s) Bolinao Electronics Corporation (1946-1952, 1957-1967) Alto Broadcasting System (1952-1957) Chronicle Broadcasting Network (1956-1957) Página oficial abs-cbn .com Disponibilidade aberta e gratuita Analógico 02 VHF ( Manila ) Digital 01 Disponibilidade por satélite Sky Direct 02 (HD) Disponibilidade por cabo SkyCable / Destiny Cable ( Grande Manila ) 08 (SD) / 167 (HD) ABS-CBN é uma rede de televisão filipina , fundada em 1953 e sediada em Cidade Quezon . [ 1 ] [ 2 ] A rede é muito famosa por ser a primeira rede de TV, nas Filipinas, e entre os primeiros no Sudeste da Ásia, suas inovações na radiodifusão, sendo um conglomerado de mídia com sucesso, um campeão consistente da audiência, o seu compromisso com o serviço público, e sendo a maior rede de TV no país (com 80 estações de TV em todo o Filipinas). Primeiro estabelecido pelo judeu-americano James Lindenberg, como a Bolinao Electronics Corporation, uma empresa de equipamentos de rádio, em 1946, começou a transmitir como DZBC em 1946. Sete anos depois, abriu a primeira estação de TV do país, DZAQ-TV Channel 3, mas não antes de renomear-se como Alto Broadcasting System em 1952, depois que o juiz Antonio Quirino adquiriu participação maioritária na empresa. Logo foi adquirido pelos irmãos Don Eugenio e Fernando López, e fundou-o com a sua própria Chronicle Broadcasting Network, que abriu a primeira estação de FM no país, DZYL-FM, para formar a ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation. Na década de 1960, com os Canais 3 (DZAQ-TV, Canal 2 posterior) e 9 (DZXL-TV, mais tarde Canal 4), o ABS-CBN reinava como o líder do público incontestável com sua audiência e cobrança maior que todos os seus concorrentes combinados. Na mesma década, sob a gestão de Eugenio Lopez Jr., a rede trouxe a televisão para áreas regionais, a televisão em cores e a abertura do ABS-CBN Broadcast Center, sua sede atual. Em 1972, foi encerrado pelo presidente Ferdinand Marcos quando ele declarou a Lei Marcial, como resultado de fazer parte da mídia que se opunha ao seu governo. A rede reabriu em 1986, logo após a People Power Revolution que depôs Marcos, e apesar de recuperar apenas o Canal 2 e lidar com recursos limitados, tornou-se o líder do público novamente em 1988, uma posição que manteve desde então. Nos anos seguintes, a rede iniciou as transmissões por satélite, expandindo a presença regional, iniciando operações internacionais, mudando para TV digital e de alta definição, expandindo-se para empreendimentos como cinema, música, publicação, TV a cabo e UHF e merchandising para criar um império de conteúdo multimídia, como bem um período de intensa competição com a principal rival, a GMA Network. Seus ativos incluem duas redes nacionais de televisão (ABS-CBN e ABS-CBN Sports + Action), duas redes de rádio (Radyo Patrol, My Only Radio e Filipino Radyo Network) cinco redes de televisão internacionais premium (Bro, Cinema One, a versão local da ABS-CBN Sports + Action Global, e The Filipino Channel), uma rede de televisão a cabo americana (Myx TV), juntamente com subsidiárias que tratam de publicação impressa (ABS-CBN Publishing), produção de televisão por cabo e distribuição (Creative Programs, Inc.), telecomunicações (Sky Cable Corporation e ABS-CBNmobile) de produção de cinema e televisão e distribuição (Star Cinema), pós-produção e efeitos especiais visuais (RoadRunner), produção de música e distribuição (Star Records e Star Songs), os novos media (ABS-CBN Interactive), desenvolvimento de talentos e gestão (Star Magic), home shopping (O Shopping) e outras empresas relacionadas. A ABS-CBN Broadcast Center em Cidade Quezon . Índice 1 Historia da ABS-CBN 1.1 1946-1956: Origens 1.2 1956-1972: A fusão e a primeira idade de ouro 1.3 1972: Desligamento sob a lei marcial 1.4 1986-1990: A volta e a ressurgimento 1.5 1990-2002: Construindo uma potência de conteúdo multimídia global 1.6 2003: 50 anos de ABS-CBN 1.7 2004-2010: Enfrentar novos desafios 1.8 2010-2015: Consolidando a liderança 1.9 2015-presente: entrando na era de TV digital 2 Logotipo e Slogan 2.1 Logotipo 2.2 Vinhetas 2.3 Slogans 2.3.1 Corporativa e anual 2.3.2 Verão 2.3.3 Natal 3 Audiência 4 Programas 4.1 Segunda a Sexta 4.2 Sábado e Domingo 5 Canais da ABS-CBN 5.1 Terrestre 5.1.1 Analógico 5.1.2 Digital 5.2 Cabo 5.3 Internacional 5.4 Extinto 6 Estações de rádio da ABS-CBN 6.1 Terrestre 6.1.1 Analógico 6.2 Internacional 7 Internet 8 Subsidiárias 9 Divisões 10 Referências 11 Ligações externas Historia da ABS-CBN [ editar | editar código-fonte ] 1946-1956: Origens [ editar | editar código-fonte ] O núcleo de ABS-CBN começou em 1946, com Bolinao Electronics Corporation (BEC). BEC foi estabelecida por James Lindenberg, agora apelidado como o pai da televisão filipina, um engenheiro eletrônico norte-americano especializado em rádio montagem de equipamentos e transmissão de rádio. Naquela época, a maior empresa de mídia do país era a Manila Broadcasting, com DZRH como a estação de rádio líder. Em 1949, James Lindenberg deslocou Bolinao de radiodifusão com DZBC e planejou a introdução da televisão para o país em 1953. Em 1951, Lindenberg parceria com Antonio Quirino, irmão do então presidente das Filipinas, Elpidio Quirino, a fim de tentar a sua sorte na televisão. Em 1952, BEC foi rebatizado como Alto Broadcasting System ou ABS (com Alto Sales Corporation como o próprio nome da empresa). 'Alto' era uma contração de Quirino de e primeiros nomes de sua esposa, Tony e Aleli. Embora eles tinham pouco dinheiro e recursos, ABS foi capaz de colocar-se sua torre de TV, até Julho de 1953 e importar 300 aparelhos de televisão. As transmissões iniciais de teste começou em setembro do mesmo ano. A primeira transmissão, no entanto, foi em 23 de outubro de 1953, de uma festa na casa de Tony Quirino. A estação de televisão era conhecido como DZAQ-TV. 1956-1972: A fusão e a primeira idade de ouro [ editar | editar código-fonte ] Por sua vez, em 24 de setembro de 1956, a Chronicle Broadcasting Network (CBN) foi organizada. A rede era de propriedade de Dom Eugenio Lopez, Sr. e o então vice-presidente das Filipinas, Fernando Lopez, e mais tarde lançou a sua própria estação de TV, DZXL-TV 9. No ano seguinte, Dom Eugenio adquirido ABS de Quirino e Lindenberg. No entanto, foi somente em 01 de fevereiro de 1967 que o nome da empresa foi alterado para ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation para refletir a fusão (antes era chamado ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation, o nome foi revertido para o precursor da rede, Bolinao Electronics Corporation ou BEC, mas a marca ABS-CBN foi usado pela primeira vez em 1961). Em 1958, a nova sede da rede em Roxas Boulevard foi inaugurado, e todas as operações de rádio e televisão foram consolidadas em seus dois prédios, as estações de rádio no prédio Chronicle na Aduana Street, Intramuros, Manila, e as operações de TV no novíssimo Roxas Boulevard edifício em Pasay City. No final dos anos 1950, o filho de Dom Eugenio, Geny Lopez viu o potencial da TV para chegar e ligar filipinos em todo o arquipélago. Em meados da década de 1960, a rede ABS era líder da indústria do rádio, com estações como DZXL e DZAQ Radyo Patrol na área de Manila, que contou com jornalistas como Ernie Baron, Bong Lapira, Orly Mercado, Joe Taruc, Mario Garcia, Bobby Guanzon, e Rey Langit, e várias outras estações em todo o país. ABS também fez avanços no setor de TV por alcançar transmissão do país primeira TV a cores, alimentação primeiro satélite, e primeiro uso de fita de vídeo, entre outros. Ele apresentava melhores shows de então, tal como a sua noite com Pilita e Tawag ng Tanghalan, primeiro show de comédia do país Buhay Artista, primeiro gameshow Philippine, o que é minha Vida e o primeiro show do meio-dia Student Canteen, entre outros. Em 14 de junho de 1961, Eugenio Lopez, Jr. construiu a primeira estação de TV provincial em Cebu arejar 4 horas com a torre mais alta (nesse tempo), em Cebu medindo 216 pés. Cor transmissões começaram em novembro de 1966, o primeiro nas Filipinas e sudeste da Ásia como a rede foi marcado como o primeiro de televisão a cores, com transmissão da cor completa com início em 1971 em todas as estações de televisão nacional. Em 18 de dezembro de 1968, ABS-CBN inaugurou seu novo Centro de Transmissão em Bohol Avenue, Quezon City, onde permanece até hoje. Na época, foi a instalação de mais avançado de seu tipo na Ásia. A estação de novo feito avanços usando as primeiras transmissões de satélite ao vivo a partir do estrangeiro, acima de tudo, dos quais foi o primeiro pouso na Lua em 1969 e nos Jogos Olímpicos de Verão de 1968 no México no ano anterior. A rede teve uma grande parte das notas e ganhou vários prêmios e reconhecimentos de diferentes organizações. Em 1969, a ABS-CBN mudou suas atribuições de canais de Manila Canais 3 e 9 para o Canal 2 e 4, em resposta ao estabelecimento de DZKB-TV Channel 9 de Kanlaon Broadcasting System ou KBS. Em 1970, a ABS-CBN Canal 2 e 4 agarrou 80% quota de audiência - a maior quota de audiência já alcançada por uma estação de TV Filipino. Em 1972, de propriedade da rede ABS-CBN e operado duas estações de televisão e 7 estações de rádio em Manila, 14 estações de rádio e três canais de televisão nas províncias. 1972: Desligamento sob a lei marcial [ editar | editar código-fonte ] A estação sofreu um revés após a declaração da lei marcial. Na meia-noite de 22 de Setembro de 1972, um dia após a declaração da lei marcial, ABS-CBN e suas estações afiliadas foram apreendidos. Geny Lopez, o presidente da empresa, foi preso e detido sem julgamento por cinco anos até que ele e seu companheiro de cela Sergio Osmeña III lançou uma ousada fuga de presos em 1977 e pediu asilo nos Estados Unidos. A própria rede foi tomado por Roberto Benedicto, um compadrio presidencial, que usou o Centro de Difusão em Bohol Avenue, depois renomeado como 'Broadcast Plaza', como a casa do MBS-4. Canal 2 seria mais tarde relançado como a BBC-2, com um completamente novo logotipo, slogan e uma música-tema de Jose Mari Chan intitulado 'Big Beautiful Country' (Grande e Lindo País) e cantada por vários artistas. BBC-2 mais tarde mudou-se para nova sede em Broadcast City (também em Diliman, Quezon City) em 1978. No auge da revolução popular, reformistas militares, acreditando que a televisão seria uma ferramenta poderosa para ajudar a revolução, atacou e assumiu a ABS-CBN Broadcasting Center. Em 24 de fevereiro de 1986, ex-talentos ABS-CBN colocar a estação de volta no ar e na televisão o drama da revolta desdobramento, contribuindo assim para a força da revolta. BBC-2, por outro lado, encerrou suas operações após reformistas desligar seu transmissor, no dia seguinte, como o Canal 2 frequência foi entregue aos Lopezes em 16 de Julho de 1986. 1986-1990: A volta e a ressurgimento [ editar | editar código-fonte ] Em 28 de fevereiro de 1986, após a queda da ditadura de Ferdinand Marcos, Geny Lopez retornou ao país após o auto-exílio nos Estados Unidos e começou a reconstruir a partir do que restou da estação. A recuperação foi difícil e os recursos eram baixos, daí, ex-funcionário da ABS-CBN Freddie M. García foi trazido para refazer a programação da emissora. Assim, o canal começou a retransmitir para os telespectadores mais uma vez partir de 14 de setembro do mesmo ano. Em 1 de março de 1987, o Canal 2 foi relançado com o especial musical ao vivo, The Star Network: Ang Pagbabalík Ng Bituin (O Retorno do Estrela) que observou para o 2 logo-then-novo canal tri-fita branca numérica com um branco rhombidal estrela (1988-1992 as fitas foram de cor tri em vermelho, verde e azul) como uma peça central da revitalização da rede. Em um ano, ABS-CBN também reforçaram a seus programas de notícias com TV Patrol, ancorado por uma equipe de locutores composta por agora ex-Vice-Presidente Noli de Castro, Mel Tiangco, Frankie Evangelista, e Angelique Lazo, com o falecido Ernie Baron dizendo a previsão de tempo diária. Outros programas de notícias respeitáveis ​​seguiram, como Magandang Gabi, Bayan e Hoy Gising!. Os programas de entretenimento da ABS-CBN foram também renovou com a série que já foi ao ar na RPN-9 e IBC-13: (Eat Bulaga!, Okey Ka Fairy Ko!, The Sharon Cuneta Show, Coney Reyes on Camera), enquanto a produção de conteúdo original (The Maricel Soriano Drama Special, Palibhasa Lalake, Home Along Da Riles). Outra característica do seu retorno ao topo da classificação é a introdução dos formatos sentai live-action e tokusatsu mostrar (com Bioman e Shaider) para Philippine televisão em tempo integral (depois de uma breve aparição no RPN). Programas de anime filipinos-dublados, outra rede e televisão filipina em primeiro lugar, só começaria na transição para a década de 1990, e 1989, de Hikari Sentai Maskman, foi ao ar pela rede, foi o primeiro programa de tokusatsu já apelidado no idioma filipino. O lançamento foi um sucesso: graças aos novos programas, ABS-CBN tinha pulou alguns pontos, e antes de 1987 terminou, ABS-CBN tinha sido elevado do último lugar para o segundo lugar, logo atrás do líder da rede, a GMA Network. Em Agosto de 1988, a ABS-CBN recuperou a sua liderança nos índices de audiência de TV. No final do ano 1988, a quota de audiência da ABS-CBN em Mega Manila atingiu 28% em relação ao 24% do GMA-7. Em 1989, a ABS-CBN deslocado para transmissão via satélite, permitindo que todo o país para assistir aos mesmos programas simultaneamente. Este também foi o mesmo ano em que a rede começou as transmissões internacionais para Guam e Saipan, Marianas do Norte, também via satélite, mais um primeiro lugar para Philippine e televisão asiática. Lentamente, a estação avançou o seu caminho para a recuperação financeira, que alcançou em 1990, conquistando regularmente em torno de 70% do mercado. 1990-2002: Construindo uma potência de conteúdo multimídia global [ editar | editar código-fonte ] Entre os sucessos do ABS-CBN entre 1990 e 1991 foram Sa Linggo N'APO Sila, The Inside Story, Abangan ang Susunod na Kabanata e a antologia de drama mais longa na televisão filipina, Maalaala Mo Kaya. Em 1992, a ABS-CBN também expandiu suas operações em todo o mundo. Do mismo año, a quota de audiência da ABS-CBN em Mega Manila expandiu doze vezes para 62%.O ABS-CBN também se tornou a primeira rede de mídia a ser pública, listando suas ações na bolsa de valores em julho desse ano. Este foi o mesmo ano que o ABS-CBN lançou mais cinco sucessos: a sitcom Home Along da Riles, o drama da tarde Mara Clara, o programa orientado para jovens Ang TV, o drama legal Ipaglaban Mo e o programa de serviço público Hoy! Gising! As estações de rádio da rede, DZMM (notícias e serviço público) em AM e DWRR (música e entretenimento) em FM, também duplicaram o sucesso do Channel 2 com fortes índices de audiência. ABS-CBN ainda manteve a sua posição dominante, mesmo quando a TV Philippine estava ficando lotado, com uma concorrência feroz, marcada pelo ressurgimento da RPN, IBC e PTV, a trajetória do foguete ABC, o surgimento de emissoras de TV UHF, ea tendência crescente de cabo TV e Internet. 1993 (o 40º aniversário da rede) viu o lançamento da sitcom Oki Doki Doc e da antologia do drama Star Drama Presents e o retorno do Sarimanok, que ele usou durante suas primeiras transmissões de cores em 1966, como logotipo corporativo com uma vinheta de um minuto que ganhou uma medalha de ouro nos Festivais de Nova York. 1993 também marcou o início da transição da rede para uma empresa de multimídia diversificada com o lançamento do seu empresa de produção cinematográfica, a Star Cinema. O ano seguinte, 1994, viu o lançamento de Sineskwela, um dos programas educacionais mais bem-sucedidos da rede, e a cobertura de Miss Universe 1994, a segunda vez que o evento foi realizado nas Filipinas. Em 24 de setembro de 1994, a ABS-CBN por meio de sua subsidiária recentemente criada, ABS-CBN International, assinou um acordo histórico com o PanAmSat para trazer o primeiro serviço de programação asiática trans-Pacífico para cerca de dois milhões de filipinos Imigrantes nos Estados Unidos usando o então recém-lançado satélite PAS 2. Isso se tornaria The Filipino Channel ou TFC, que armaria os programas do ABS-CBN na América do Norte, Europa, Ásia-Pacífico, Oriente Médio e Austrália. Apesar da saída de Eat Bulaga para a GMA, 1995 foi outro ótimo ano para o ABS-CBN, com o lançamento do mais antigo show de variedades de domingo, o que ainda é transmitido até hoje. Também lançado em 1995, foi o gravador Star Records (agora Star Music). 1996 viu a transferência inesperada, mas bem sucedida, de Mara Clara, da tarde ao horário nobre, no auge da popularidade de Marimar, que foi exibida na RPN, e levou ao longo período de transição do horário nobre de um bloco de programação diversificado para um dominado por novelas. O ano também viu a TV Patrol mudar para um formato de âncora única e correr por 30 minutos com Noli de Castro como âncora solo e The World Tonight, simulcasting no novo canal de notícias da rede, a Sarimanok News Network (SNN), que foi lançado junto com o canal UHF Studio 23 e a empresa de pós-produção, o RoadRunner. No mesmo ano, ABS-CBN tornou-se a primeira rede de TV Philippine para entrar no ciberespaço Internet ao lançar ABS-CBN.com. Gimik, Today com Kris Aquino, Alas Singko Y Medya e Balitang K foram outros quatro sucessos lançados em 1996. 1997 foi o ano da estréia de dois dos dramas mais bem sucedidos da televisão filipina, Esperanza e Mula sa Puso, a comédia Kaya ni Mister, Kaya ni Misis, o horror Oka Tokat e o drama temático de fantasia Wansapanataym. Os marcos da rede em 1998 (o 45º aniversário da rede e o centenário da independência filipina) incluíram o lançamento do show de variedades do meio-dia Magandang Tanghali Bayan, os finais bem-sucedidos de Palibhasa Lalake e Coney Reyes on Camera, a abertura de uma nova sede para a sua estação em Cebu e a temporada de estreia da Metropolitan Basketball Association (MBA), da qual o ABS-CBN tem uma participação de 25%. ABS-CBN afirma a sua responsabilidade social através do trabalho de ABS-CBN Lingkod Kapamilya Foundation, Inc. Com a ajuda do Departamento de Educação, a Fundação entregou materiais educativos para centenas de escolas públicas do país. É também a organização guarda-chuva de Knowldege Channel (KCH) Foundation, Bantay Bata (Assista infantil), Bantay Kalikasan (Environment Watch) e ABS-CBN Bayan Foundation (anteriormente, ABS-CBN Bayan MicroFinance). Em 30 de março de 1999, ABS-CBN Holdings Corporation foi incorporada como Worldtech Holdings Corporation com o propósito principal de emissão de recibo Philippine Depository (PDR) e na aquisição e detenção de acções de ABS-CBN Corporation. A rede assegurou-se de terminar o século 20 em 1999 com um estrondo com os finais bem sucedidos de Esperanza e Mula sa Puso, os sucessos de Marinella, Saan Ka Man Naroroon e Labs ko si Babe e o lançamento de programas mais bem-sucedidos como Pwedeng Pwede , The Buzz, G-Mik, Tabing Ilog e Ang Munting Paraiso. No mesmo ano, viu o ABS-CBN International através da TFC se expandiu para a Austrália, o lançamento do site de notícias abs-cbnnews.com, o Star Cinema atingiu a marca de P100 milhões com Isusumbong Kita sa Tatay Ko, o Studio 23 emergindo como a terceira maior rede em termos de alcance, o Star Records produz vários discos de ouro e platina, o reformatado da Sarimanok News Network para se tornar o ABS-CBN News Channel (ANC) e sua torre transmissora em Manila, o Millennium Transmitter, aumentando sua potência de transmissão para 120 quilowatts. Enquanto isso, o DZMM manteve sua supremacia na banda de rádio AM, enquanto o WRR 101.9, que reformatou o ano anterior, viu um enorme salto em seus índices de público e emergiu como a estação FM número um em novembro. Tudo isso aconteceu no mesmo ano em que Eugenio Lopez Jr. morreu de câncer em 28 de junho desse ano. Ele criou uma grande contagem do milênio em três pontos principais em todo o país e vários feeds ao vivo em todo o mundo e sinergizou todas as suas plataformas de notícias e entretenimento. Uma versão renovada do logotipo da rede também apareceu pela primeira vez nesse evento. ABS-CBN também lançou novos sucessos como Game KNB? e Pangako Sa 'Yo, permitindo reinado de posição dominante da ABS-CBN para chegar a seu 15º ano em 2002. Outros sucessos no início dos anos 2000 incluíram Whattamen, Sa Dulo Ng Walang Hanggan, Kay Tagal Nang Hinintay e Sa Puso Ko'y Iingatan Ka. A rede também viu algumas mudanças em seus programas de notícias. Em 1999, o noticiário da noite da rede The World Tonight tornou-se um noticiário transmitido exclusivamente no seu canal de notícias, o ANC e o intervalo de tempo que deixou foi preenchido por Pulso: Aksyon Balita, ancorado por Korina Sanchez e Ted Failon e depois por Ces Drilon e Dong Puno, e logo depois foi substituído em 2000 por ABS-CBN Headlines, que foi ancorado por Tony Velasquez e Karen Davila ao longo de sua corrida. Enquanto isso, Alas Singko Y Medya tornou-se Magandang Umaga Bayan em 2002, em seguida, para Magandang Umaga Pilipinas em 2005, antes de ser substituído por Umagang Kay Ganda em 2007. A TV Patrol, por outro lado, também viu mudanças após a âncora, Noli de Castro, deixou a bancada em 2001 para concorrer ao senador e foi substituído pela correspondente chefe Korina Sanchez (que levou ao cancelamento de sua revista eletrônica Balitang K), Henry Omaga Diaz, correspondente sênior da ABS-CBN e Aljo Bendijo, que, antes de ancorar a edição nacional Da TV Patrol, era a âncora da TV Patrol Southern Mindanao em Davao. No mesmo ano, Connie Sison também se tornou o novo apresentador principal do Hoy! Gising! depois que Ted Failon deixou de concorrer ao congressista, mas foi cancelado mais tarde. 2003: 50 anos de ABS-CBN [ editar | editar código-fonte ] Em 2003, durante o 50º aniversário da televisão filipina, ABS-CBN lançou o seu nome atual da marca, 'Kapamilya' (literalmente significa 'um membro da família'). Sua unidade internacional ABS-CBN global Ltd. pretende realizar uma oferta pública inicial (IPO) no ano seguinte e pode listar na Bolsa de Valores de Cingapura para ajudar a financiar seus planos de expansão. A rede comemorou seu aniversário de ouro em 2003. A rede realizou o seu regresso a casa Kapamilya, que reuniu mais de 4.000 ex-funcionários e talentos para uma grande reunião no composto de ABS-CBN em Bohol Avenue, Quezon City. A rede também lançou uma promo chamado 'Caça ao Tesouro', onde as pessoas foram convidadas a trazer o seu mais antigo de televisão, aparelhos de rádio, microfones, e cartazes. A rede também comemorou seu 16º ano como líder da audiência, com 13 dos seus shows incluídos no Top 15 programas diários na TV. A empresa também fez uma caravana por todo o país, mostrando os talentos da rede. Em outubro de 2003, a rede realizou uma celebração da ABS-CBN e 50º ano da Philippine TV que durou um mês. A estação produziu dois documentários comemorativas sobre a contribuição da estação em notícias e entretenimento. Sa Mata ng Balita encapsulado alguns dos monumentos mais inesquecíveis, mais notáveis ​​e mais célebres dos últimos 50 anos, como capturado pelo telejornal. 50 Taong Ligawan: The Pinoy TV History, por outro lado, foi o primeiro grande documentário televisivo feito sobre a história da Philippine Television e da evolução do entretenimento filipino. Para finale da celebração, o gigante de radiodifusão tampado o seu 50º aniversário com um espetáculo espetacular apelidado como Kapamilya: ABS-CBN a 50 [23], realizado no Centro de Convenções Internacional das Filipinas (PICC) em Pasay City. Ele foi saudado como um dos maiores eventos de mídia do ano. A rede liderada pela Lopez desenrolou o tapete vermelho para receber seus convidados de alto perfil dos setores de negócios, publicidade e mídia, política, membros da comunidade diplomática, com muitos dos luminares e celebridades da sociedade. Amigos e simpatizantes da rede ao longo dos cinco décadas de Valor também participaram do grande evento. 50 Anos oficial estação da rede ID ganhou um Prêmio de Excelência em Golden Quill Festival de 2004. A rede também fez grandes mudanças em seus noticiários novamente em 2003. A principal âncora de Alas Singko Y Medya, Julius Babao, se juntou a Korina Sanchez na TV Patrol, enquanto a ABS-CBN Headlines foi substituída pelo ABS-CBN Insider, ancorado por Cito Beldran e Karen Davila. Os programas mais vistos do ano incluíram o Meteor Garden, Sana'y Wala Nang Wakas, Basta't Kasama Kita e It Might Be You. 2004-2010: Enfrentar novos desafios [ editar | editar código-fonte ] Em setembro de 2004, ABS-CBN perdeu a liderança em Mega Manila, o maior mercado de audiência de TV do país, para GMA-7, com 39% de audiência em comparação com os 41% de quota de audiência da GMA-7. No entanto, em 2006, ABS-CBN foi confirmada pela AGB Nielsen ter mantido a liderança TV em todo o Filipinas, com 43% de quota de audiência em todo o país. Em março de 2007, a quota de audiência em todo o país de ABS-CBN aumentou para 47%, com GMA arrastando a rede líder com 35% de quota de audiência nacional. 2004 viu o ABS-CBN lançar o primeiro drama de temática de fantasia, ou fantaserye, chamado Marina. Em 2005, o ABS-CBN lançou o reality show Pinoy Big Brother, que se tornou um enorme sucesso, bem como Goin 'Bulilit e Wowowee. Os sucessos da rede nos anos seguintes incluíram a Bituing Walang Ningning, Super Inggo, Maging Sino Ka Man, Sana Maulit Muli, Lobo, Dyosa, Banana Split (agora Banana Sundae), Showtime (que se tornou It's Showtime em 2012 e se tornou o novo show no meio dia da rede), May Bukas Pa e muito mais. Korina Sanchez também voltou a hospedar uma revista eletrônica, Rated K, que é transmitida aos domingos e a TV Patrol lançou sua edição de fim de semana, hospedada pela primeira vez por Ces Orena Drilon e Henry Omaga Diaz. A TV Patrol, entretanto, reformatou como TV Patrol World em novembero de 2004 para dar peso aos relatórios das comunidades filipinas globais e para reforçar sua posição à luz da crescente concorrência dos 24 Oras da GMA. Korina Sanchez deixou o noticiário como resultado e também saudou Ted Failon (que retornou ao jornalismo depois de três anos como congressista) e a ex-ancora do ABS-CBN Insider, Karen Davila, juntando-se a Julius Babao, que foi mantido como base do noticiário. Em 2005, a ABS-CBN International assinou um acordo de afiliação com a DirecTV, um dos principais fornecedores de DTH nos Estados Unidos. Sob o acordo, a DirecTV tem o direito exclusivo de distribuir o pacote TFC em sua plataforma DTH. Em contrapartida, a DirecTV pagará taxas de licença para ABS-CBN e ABS-CBN International. Em 2006, a Insider foi substituída por Bandila, ancorada por tres antigas âncoras de TV Patrol, Ces Drilon, Henry Omaga Diaz e Korina Sanchez. Em 2008, a ABS-CBN comemorou o ano 55 da televisão filipina. Um novo vinheta intitulado 'Beyond Television' foi lançado. o novo vinheta retrata o crescimento de ABS-CBN a partir de uma rede de televisão pequena que começou em 1953 em um conglomerado de mídia que tem negócios além da televisão. É também neste ano que o The Wall Street Journal Asia classificou ABS-CBN como a 7ª empresa mais admirada das Filipinas. sendo a única empresa de mídia incluídos na lista, a empresa também recebeu o Prêmio de Inovação por sua inovação em TV internet com o seu TFC Now! serviço. Tambem em 2008, a ABS-CBN International, a sua maior subsidiária internacional inaugurou sua fábrica de estúdio state-of-the-art em Redwood City, Califórnia. No mesmo ano, San Francisco International Gateway (ABS-CBN Telecom North America), uma empresa de teleporte que foi incorporada em Richmond, Califórnia começou a operar. SFIG fornece serviços de teletransporte através de sua unidade de 2,5 hectares, constituída de 19 antenas parabólicas e 9 edifícios de equipamentos modulares. SFIG é membro da Associação Mundial de Teleport. Após uma controvérsia envolvendo o seu fornecedor de classificações anterior AGB Nielsen em 2007, a ABS-CBN mudou em 2009 para a Kantar Media para pesquisas de medição de audiência. Em 26 de abril de 2009, ABS-CBN é a única empresa de mídia a ser citada como uma das 15 principais empresas listadas do país em governança corporativa, como mostrado por uma pesquisa anual do Institute of Corporate Directors (ICD). foi a única empresa de mídia para angariar uma pontuação de 90 por cento ou mais na Governança Corporativa Scorecard 2008, um levantamento de práticas de governança corporativa, entre 172 empresas de capital aberto no país. Durante a histórica eleição 2010 presidencial filipino, em resposta à primeira automação das eleições no país, ABS-CBN utilizou uma tecnologia da Orad Hi Tech Systems Ltd., que utiliza os princípios de realidade aumentada. A tecnologia usa real sistema de processamento de imagem tempo para transmissões ao vivo de imagens geradas por computador em 3D contra um conjunto real ou fundo. ABS-CBN também utilizou o que é provavelmente o maior ecrã táctil para ser usado em um programa de televisão filipina. Um novo conjunto apelidado como a 'guerra' (Audiência resposta Wireless) quarto foi projetado especificamente para a cobertura das eleições, disse. A cobertura da ABS-CBN tornou-se o terceiro top trending topic mundial no site de rede social Twitter. A emissora também começou a usar a tecnologia de realidade aumentada para seus noticiários a partir desse ano. 2010-2015: Consolidando a liderança [ editar | editar código-fonte ] Em 27 de maio de 2010, o conglomerado caiu a palavra 'Broadcasting' de seu nome empresarial. Em junho de 2010, a TV Patrol World reverteu seu nome para a TV Patrol e renovou o seu conjunto de gráficos e estúdio, mas manteve suas âncoras até novembro, em que reintegrou Korina Sanchez e Noli de Castro (que retornou após sua entrada como vice-presidente) como âncoras e mantidas Ted Failon. Karen Davila e Julius Babao, entretanto, tornaram-se âncoras de Bandila, juntando-se a Ces Drilon e substituindo Henry Omaga Diaz, que decidiu se concentrar em relatórios de campo. Cinco anos depois, Korina Sanchez deixaria o noticiário novamente, e foi substituída por Bernadette Sembrano. As duas edições de fim de semana da TV Patrol, a TV Patrol Sabado e a TV Patrol Linggo, se fundiram em um, TV Patrol Weekend, em 2010. Ainda estava ancorado por Alex Santos e Bernadette Sembrano até 2011, quando foram substituídos por Alvin Elchico e Pinky Webb. Em 2015, a Pinky Webb deixou o noticiário para se juntar à CNN Filipinas e seria substituído no ano seguinte por Zen Hernandez. Em 17 de junho de 2011, o conglomerado anunciou a construção de uma instalação de palco state-of-the-art de som para um custo de 6 bilhões de pesos. Um lote de 15 hectares em San Jose del Monte, Bulacan foi adquirida no final daquele ano para 75 milhões de pesos. A instalação será composta por seis etapas de som e um backlot. Entre os shows de sucesso ABS-CBN lançados de 2010 a 2012 foi Imortal (a sequela de Lobo), o remake de Mara Clara, 100 Days to Heaven, Pilipinas Got Talent, Kung Ako'y Iiwan Mo, Ina Kapatid Anak, My Binondo Girl, Gandang Gabi Vice, Reputsasyon, Walang Hanggan, Princess and I, Budoy, Aryana, and Be Careful With My Heart.. Estes foram alguns dos shows que cimentaram a liderança do ABS-CBN em meio à crescente concorrência da GMA e da TV5. Em 1 de janeiro de 2013, Charo Santos-Concio foi nomeado como o novo diretor executivo da empresa assumir Gabby Lopez. Lopez continua a ser o presidente da empresa. Em 2013, ABS-CBN virou 60 anos. A rede comemorou a ocasião com o lançamento de uma nova campanha chamada 'Kwento Natín Ito!', E defendeu a sua liderança com vários novos programas: entre eles estão o fenomenal Juan dela Cruz, tem que acreditar, Muling Buksan Ang Puso, Annaliza, e Honesto, bem como o retorno de The Singing Bee, que estreou com grandes expectativas, e um novo visual e definido para TV Patrol e Bandila. ABS-CBN também comemorou o seu 60º aniversário através do seu 'Kwento ng Kasiyahan: The ABS-CBN Grand Kapamilya Weekend' no Quezon Memorial Circle em Quezon City, que teve eventos de entretenimento e de serviço público enrolado para a celebração. Em 28 de maio de 2013, ABS-CBN Corporation, através de sua subsidiária ABS-CBN Convergência, Inc. (anteriormente conhecido como Multi-Media Telephony, Inc.), assinaram um acordo de compartilhamento de rede com Globe Telecom para um novo serviço de telefonia móvel no país. O acordo inclui a partilha de bens, incluindo switches, torres, servidores e freqüências. ABS-CBN é esperado para passar entre 2 a 3 mil pesos para os próximos dois anos para construir seu negócio de telecomunicações. O plano ainda terá de ser aprovado pela Comissão Nacional de Telecomunicações do Filipinas. Em julho de 2013, ABS-CBN iniciou o desenvolvimento de um 1 bilhão peso centro de entretenimento familiar Kidzania no lote metro quadrado 6.000 em Bonifacio Global City em Taguig. A franquia Philippine para Kidzania foi adquirida pela Innovations Play, Inc., uma subsidiária da ABS-CBN Corporation. Kidzania Manila está configurado para abrir em novembro de 2014. Em 30 de maio de 2014, ABS-CBN e seu atual presidente & CEO Charo Santos-Concio recebeu os Stevie Awards ouro para as categorias de Serviços da Empresa do Ano - Filipinas e Mulher do Ano no Prêmio da Ásia-Pacífico Stevie realizada em Lotte Hotel , Seoul, Coreia do Sul [36] ABS-CBN também receberá o cobiçado ouro Stevie Awards para a categoria Empresa do Ano -. Mídia e Entretenimento na 11ª anuais International Business Awards (IBA), que será realizada em Paris, França, em 10 de outubro Como resultado da vitória, ABS-CBN também irá representar as Filipinas nos baseada em voto Peoples Choice Stevie Awards para empresas favoritas no categoria Mídia é Entrenimento. Mais programas de sucesso foram lançados em 2014, como The Legal Wife, The Voice Kids, Home Sweetie Home, Forevermore, Two Wives e Ikaw Lamang, acompanhado pelo retorno de Pinoy Big Brother com a sua quinta temporada, 'All In', e a segunda temporada de The Voice das Filipinas. 2015-presente: entrando na era de TV digital [ editar | editar código-fonte ] Em 19 de março de 2015, a Finanças Ásia classificou o ABS-CBN como a terceira melhor empresa de capital médio nas Filipinas. ABS-CBN é a única empresa de mídia filipina incluída na lista de empresas da Ásia de 2015, a melhor das Finanças Ásia. [34] Também neste ano, o ABS-CBN foi incluído no relatório 2015 Top Companies da JobStreet.com, que classifica os principais empregadores do país. O ABS-CBN ocupa o 7º lugar na lista. Os sucessos da emissora em 2015 foram liderados pelo remake de Pangako Sa 'Yo, a série da tarde Doble Kara e a adaptação de TV altamente bem-sucedida do filme de 1997, Ang Probinsyano, que se tornou a série de drama mais longa desde Sa Puso Ko'y Iingatan Ka em 2003. No meio-dia, no entanto, o ABS-CBN sofreu uma concorrência significativa com a It's Showtime, perdendo sua liderança para Eat Bulaga como resultado de seu segmento KalyeSerye que formou o emparelhamento do AlDub. O ano de 2015 também foi marcado pelo enorme sucesso da The Voice Kids, cuja segunda temporada obteve um índice de audiência médio de 43 pontos, o maior desse ano. Outro marco em 2015 foi o lançamento da caixa de TV digital da rede, o ABS-CBN TVplus, que ofereceu sinais mais claros dos canais 2 e 23 e quatro canais mais, Yey !, CineMo !, Knowledge Channel e DZMM TeleRadyo. O produto desde então impulsionou a liderança do ABS-CBN no público nacional e melhorou seus índices de audiência em Mega Manila e outras partes de Luzon. Em 1 de janeiro de 2016, Carlo L. Katigbak foi nomeado novo presidente e diretor executivo da empresa que assumiu o cargo de Charo Santos-Concio, que conseguiu sua idade de aposentadoria obrigatória de 60 anos. Concio ainda será o principal responsável pelo conteúdo da rede, presidente Da recém-criada Universidade ABS-CBN e consultora executiva do presidente da empresa. Um mês depois, a rede também anunciou a nomeação de Head for Free TV Maria Socorro Vidanes como COO para transmissão de ABS-CBN a partir de 1º de fevereiro de 2016. Em 2016, a ABS-CBN Corporation é a única empresa de mídia incluída no top ten 2016 Top Companies of JobStreet.com no ranking das Filipinas no número dez. Essas empresas são escolhidas por JobStreet.com como os 'empregadores mais desejados' do país. No mesmo ano, a ABS-CBN iniciou a construção de seu complexo de sonorização em San Jose del Monte, Bulacan. O ABS-CBN também anunciou que abrirá a primeira loja de experiências no TriNoma em Quezon City em 2017. 2016 provou ser mais um ano bem sucedido para a emissora. O bloco no horario nobre, intitulado 'Primetime Bida', encabeçado no ano passado por Ang Probinsyano e Dolce Amore, conseguiu afastar a concorrência do bloco da GMA, a 'Telebabad', que viu uma reviravolta surpreendente em suas performances fracas com Encantadia e Alyas Robin Hood. Também recuperou a liderança ao meio-dia com o retorno do antigo programa 'Tawag ng Tanghalan' como um segmento em It's Showtime e o declínio na popularidade de Aldub e reforçou a liderança da tarde com o sucesso de Doble Kara, Tubig at Langis e The Greatest Love. A rede também lançou uma nova franquia, Pinoy Boyband Superstar, enquanto as novas temporadas de sua realidade emblemática mostram The Voice Kids e Pinoy Big Brother continuaram o sucesso das temporadas anteriores. No quarto trimestre, no entanto, a audiência em horário nobre foi ameaçada pela primeira vez em alguns anos, com o sucesso da Encantadia e da Alyas Robin Hood da GMA, bem como das quedas nos índices de audiência às 20h30 e das 21h15, com as fracas desempenhos de outros dois dramas, Magpahanggang Wakas e Till I Met You. Os sucessos da rede em 2017 incluiu a lançou Your Face Sounds Familiar Kids e The Voice Teens, que foram tanto sucessos em massa, trouxe de volta Bet on Your Baby depois de dois anos e lançou Tawag ng Tanghalan Kids e a segunda temporada de Tawag ng Tanghalan em It's Showtime. ABS-CBN também teve os sucessos na tarde, Pusong Ligaw e The Better Half, e para suas ofertas de drama coreano, sua lista incluiu grandes sucessos como Goblin, Legend of the Blue Sea e Love in the Moonlight. No terceiro trimestre, o ABS-CBN lançou outra franquia, Little Big Shots. No horário nobre, enquanto isso, os índices de audiência da rede às 21h15 do horário de verão melhoraram com A Love to Last. Quanto ao horário de 20h30, a recuperação foi mais lenta, embora tenha conseguido melhorar com o bom desempenho de My Dear Heart. Mas realmente se recuperou significativamente em junho de 2017, o mês que viu o lançamento do extremamente bem sucedido La Luna Sangre. Outro sucesso foi WildFlower, que foi exibido antes da TV Patrol. Ang Probinsyano, enquanto isso, continuou sua liderança, defendendo a concorrência de Encantadia e seus sucessores Mulawin vs Ravena e a segunda temporada de Alyas Robin Hood, que também não fizeram em termos de índices de audiência como Encantadia. A liderança contínua do ABS-CBN no horário nobre tornou-se um fardo para as telenovelas anteriores da GMA Super Ma'am, My Korean Jagiya e o remake filipino de My Love From the Star. No final de setembro, The Good Son estreou, que se tornou outro forte sucesso no horário nobre. No entanto, no terceiro trimestre, o bloqueio da tarde do ABS-CBN voltou a perder, não só devido ao sucesso do Ika-6 na Utos de GMA, mas também devido à melhoria das performances de Impostora e Haplos, que até mesmo derrotaram Pusong Ligaw e The Better Half em vários casos. A queda do bloco da tarde continuou com as fracas performances da The Promise of Forever, que se tornou o drama da tarde do pior desempenho de ABS-CBN desde 2015, embora tenha ganho contra Haplos em certos casos. Apesar disso, o ABS-CBN ainda conseguiu derrotar o GMA no mercado de Mega Manila em compartimentos e índices de audiência em outubro desse ano. Em novembro, o ABS-CBN venceu o GMA pelo segundo mês consecutivo em Mega Manila, com maior participação de audiência de 37% frente a 34% da GMA. O ABS-CBN também abriu um centro de eventos chamado ABS-CBN Vertis Tent em Quezon City naquele ano. Logotipo e Slogan [ editar | editar código-fonte ] Logotipo [ editar | editar código-fonte ] O logotipo da ABS-CBN possui três elementos principais, a linha vertical enraizada em uma origem horizontal, os três círculos que se estendem, eo texto ABS-CBN. A linha vertical ou barra representa uma torre (torre de transmissão), com os círculos simbolizando seus sinais que representam as cores vermelho, verde e azul ou RGB, o que torna-se um pixel mostrado na televisão. As três divisões das Filipinas, Luzon, Visayas e Mindanao, também são indicados pelos três círculos. É também referido pelo seu nome de marca, 'Kapamilya', o que significa um membro da família, utilizado desde 1999. 1952 : Um retângulo fechando uma torre transmissor com um círculo que representa os seus sinais, e o nome legal de ABS girando em torno dele, juntamente com o nome Alto e o nome legal de ABS. 1956 : Três blocos com o texto CBN. 1961 : ABS-CBN torna-se a marca para a rede de TV após ABS é comprado pela família Lopez, os proprietários de CBN. O primeiro logotipo da marca da rede recém-formada consistia em uma caixa preta com o ABS e nomes CBN sobre ele, e uma grande carta B que liga os nomes ABS e CBN. O logotipo é colocada entre dois números, 3 e 9, que, em seguida, representados canais de propriedade da rede em Metro Manila, durante este período, com ambos os números de ter seu próprio 'canal' nome colocado no topo, representando, assim, os nomes 'Canal 3' e 'canal 9 '. 1963 : Versão redesenhada do símbolo 1952: o nome ABS-CBN aparece sob a forma de cartas malaios, teve quatro anéis em vez de um (indicando a rede com maior alcance do que tinha em 1953), o transmissor aparecendo na forma simplificada de um triângulo , e o rectângulo sendo substituída por uma moldura quadrada aparece com bordas arredondadas. 1967 : O início do logotipo conceito actual utilizado para este dia. O logotipo naquela época tinha três anéis que representavam Luzon, Visayas e Mindanao, conectados por uma linha que simboliza uma torre de transmissor e uma caixa que significa as Filipinas, juntamente com o nome do ABS em cima do símbolo e CBN abaixo. 1986 : Os tres círculos está em RGB. Vermelho para Luzon, verde para Visayas e azul para Mindanao, enquanto o quadro praça tornou-se uma caixa colorida em preto. A rede primeiro usou esse logotipo em 1971, quando começou as transmissões em cores e tornou-se o logotipo corporativo em 1986. 2000 : Na maior mudança do logotipo da rede desde 1967, os anéis e a linha foram mantidos, um quadrado cinzento substituiu a caixa preta esboçada e os nomes ABS e CBN foram ambos modernizados e fundidos em um nome, ABS-CBN, situado abaixo do símbolo. 2014 : O logotipo permaneceu na sua concepção 2000, mas os anéis e linha são mostradas para ser mais espessa, e o texto utilizado um novo simplificado remove os ganchos serif, e uma versão completamente diferente da C, com a letra S, sendo o único inalterado. A praça mudou sua cor para branco, e se no caso de o logotipo deve ser colocada em um fundo branco, a praça não é mais usado. Vinhetas [ editar | editar código-fonte ] Quando o ABS-CBN foi relançado como 'Star Network' em 1987, a rede usou pacotes gráficos desenvolvidos pelo sistema analógico de animação por computador (sintetizador de vídeo) Scanimate, desenvolvido pela Computer Image Corporation, com sede no Colorado. Em 1988, quando o ABS-CBN passou em completa transmissão nacional via satélite, utilizou uma vinheta com o texto 'Satellite Broadcasting System' acima do logotipo do ABS-CBN, e por trás disso era um mapa mundial em azul e preto. No mesmo ano, o ABS-CBN tinha outra vinheta com um mapa das Filipinas, bem como três círculos e uma caixa com uma torre transmissora formando o logotipo ABS-CBN com os nomes ABS e CBN, seguido por três fitas e uma estrela formando O logotipo do canal 2 então usado. Em 1989, foi lançada uma versão alternativa da vinheta de 1988, em que a parte com a formação do logótipo do canal 2 foi substituída por uma nova, que tinha o slogan da rede 'In the Service of the Filipino', pairando abaixo do logotipo. Duas outras vinhetas tinham os logotipos de ABS-CBN e Channel 2 em cima de uma plataforma, colorida em ouro, e com holofotes, que se assemelhavam ao famoso logotipo do 20th Century Fox. Em 1993, o 40º aniversário da rede, e quando lançou o Sarimanok (um logotipo de conceito usado uma vez quando o ABS-CBN iniciou transmissões de cores em 1966) como logotipo corporativo, o ABS-CBN lançou uma nova vinheta que fez o galo colorido se transformar em um Imagem formada na câmera, sendo transmitida via satélite e transmitida para todo o país, antes de se transformar no logotipo ABS-CBN. A vinheta de Sarimanok, uma vinheta 100% filipina, ganhou a Medalha de Ouro nos Festivais de Nova York em 1994. De 1993 a 1997, o ABS-CBN usou, juntamente com a viñeta Sarimanok principal, uma série de vinhetas que tinha seu famoso logotipo formado por diferentes elementos, como estrelas e planetas, papéis, pássaros, nuvens, luzes da cidade e desenhos, ou em outros casos, aparecendo em um caleidoscópio, chamas, um twister, ou sob a forma de uma grinalda de Natal. A referida série de idents também teve mensagens de serviço público ou lembretes para espectadores de eventos importantes que acontecem hoje ou no dia seguinte. De 1998 a 1999, o ABS-CBN usou um único vinheta. 1998 tinha o logotipo do ABS-CBN e o slogan 'In the Service of the Filipino' em ouro, e com a bandeira filipina atrás dele, em comemoração ao centenário da independência das Filipinas com a Espanha. 1999, por outro lado, teve um atraso na sede da ABS-CBN em Quezon City e o logotipo e o slogan em branco, e outro tinha dois elementos, desta vez com o logotipo em sua forma normal de cor RGB, com manchas brancas. A vinheta do 45º aniversário da rede teve uma evolução dos logotipos do ABS-CBN em diferentes telas de TV (cuja aparência se baseou no momento em que o logotipo foi lançado), antes que a câmera se desligue para revelar o logotipo do 45º aniversário da rede. Em 2000, quando o ABS-CBN deu a maior atualização ao seu logotipo em 33 anos, o primeiro vinheta com o logotipo renovado, chamado 'Millennium Overture', exibiu telas com os logotipos passados do ABS-CBN que pairam em um fundo RGB, antes de mostrar logotipo da ABS-CBN de 1996 por última vez. Em breve, os nomes dos ABS e CBN se transformam em suas versões de 2000 e o logotipo de 2000 formando-se junto com o slogan 'In the Service of the Filipino'. Sua vinheta de 2001 tinha os três anéis RGB do logotipo (em três conjuntos) pairando no céu antes de um conjunto se juntar com um quadrado de cristal e o texto ABS-CBN para formar o logotipo ABS-CBN. O ident, exibido na proporção 4: 3, tinha o ident entre caixas de pilar branco (manhã e apenas no início da tarde, estes eram coloridos em azul escuro quando exibidos nas tardes e horário nobre) e tinham tickers com o nome do ABS-CBN rolando no topo E na direção da esquerda e o slogan 'A serviço do filipino' que se desliza abaixo e na direção certa. O fundo do céu também mudou dependendo do tempo - o céu apareceu com céus azuis e nuvens brancas na versão da manhã e início da tarde e com céus e nuvens de laranja e amarelo no final da tarde e versão em horário nobre. Sua vinheta em 2002 tinha o logotipo do ABS-CBN em um outdoor. O logotipo do 50º aniversário tinha uma versão dourada do logotipo horizontal do ABS-CBN dentro de um aparelho de TV dourado, com o texto 'Televisão' embaixo (ou às vezes 'Televisão filipina') e acima tinha a tela que mostrava '50 Anos'. Abaixo do conjunto, havia um texto que dizia 'Desde 1953', mostrando o ano em que a rede foi estabelecida. Para o 50º aniversário da rede, teve duas vinhetas. Um, que funcionou por dois minutos, mostrou os 50 anos de história da rede de 1953 a 2003, que tem sido composto de vários centenas de recortes de fotos promovidos de acordo com o Adobe After Effects com elementos 3D gerados no LightWave, seguido da formação do 50º aniversário logotipo da rede. O outro, um de 30 segundos, tinha os três anéis RGB da rede (que tinham partes da vinheta de 2 minutos gravadas sobre eles) e o transmissor da rede se transformando em ouro (o transmissor se tornando a linha no logotipo do ABS-CBN) e formando o logotipo do 50º aniversário da rede que aparece em um fundo azul. Três feixes coloridos em vermelho, verde e azul (as três cores da rede) também apareceram no final da vinheta. A vinheta de 30 segundos ganhou uma Medalha de Bronze nos Festivais de Nova York 2003 e um prêmio Finalista na Promax em 2004. A partir de meados da década de 2000 ao início de 2010s, ABS-CBN minimizou o uso de vinhetas em favor de vídeos de música lançado durante o Verão e Natal. A primeira vinheta para o seu 55º aniversário teve a panorâmica da câmera em várias direções em direção ao logotipo do ABS-CBN e ao logotipo do 55º aniversário, que tinha dois números 5 coloridos em vermelho e verde e um globo azul. Em outubro (mês de aniversário da rede), o ABS-CBN lançou uma vinheta de 2 minutos, o segundo para o seu 55º aniversário. Com o título 'Beyond Television', isso retrata a transformação do ABS-CBN da maior rede de TV do país para se tornar uma empresa de mídia totalmente diversificada além da televisão. Sua vinheta para 2012 tinha pessoas comuns formando vários objetos, como uma casa, o sol na bandeira filipina, o planeta Terra e mais, antes de formar o logotipo ABS-CBN. Para o seu 60º aniversário, o ABS-CBN tinha uma vinheta que tinha vários círculos coloridos nas três cores da rede (vermelho, verde e azul) formando o logotipo do 60º aniversário da rede. Em fevereiro de 2014, a ABS-CBN lançou sua primeira vignette animada CGI desde 2004, a tempo de lançar o logotipo atual do ABS-CBN. A vinheta de 30 segundos tinha incontáveis cubos vermelhos, verdes e azuis e barras de metal formando o logotipo do ABS-CBN. A vinheta ocorreu em um fundo escuro (levando a parecer que foi configurado no espaço) e também tinha o novo gráfico 'sunrise' da rede. Slogans [ editar | editar código-fonte ] Corporativa e anual [ editar | editar código-fonte ] 23 de outubro de 1953: From where it happens, we see it happen. (De onde isso acontece, vemos isso acontecer.) Década de 1960: The Philippines' Premier Channel , One Strike Takes All Three (O premier canal do Filipinas, Uma greve leva todos os três) Década de 1960: The Viewing Is Fine On Channel 9 (A visualização é sempre muito bem no Channel 9) 1966-1972: ABS-CBN: First in COLOR Television (Primeiro na televisão a cores) 1967-1972 é 1986-1990: The Philippines' Largest Network (A maior rede do Filipinas) 1969: Channel 2: The Family Channel (Canal 2: o canal de família) 1969: GO 4 (Ir 4) 14 de julho-dezembro de 1986: ABS-CBN. Watch Us......Do It Again! (ABS-CBN. Nos assistir .... fazê-lo novamente!) Dezembro de 1986-28 de fevereiro de 1987: Sharing a New Life with You (Compartilhando uma nova vida com você.) 1 de março de 1987-1992: ABS-CBN: The Star Network (ABS-CBN: a rede dos estrelas) 1988-1993: ABS-CBN Satellite Broadcast System (ABS-CBN: sistema de transmissão via satélite) 1988: ABS-CBN: Celebrating 35 Years of the Philippines' Largest Network (ABS-CBN: comemorando 35 anos da maior rede das Filipinas) 1989-2004, 2017-agora: In the Service of the Filipino (No serviço do Filipino) 1992-agora: In The Service Of The Filipino Worldwide (No serviço do filipino em todo o mundo) 1992: The Most Admired Broadcasting Network in Asia (A rede de transmissão mais admirada da Ásia) 1992: Through 50,000 watts of pure solid-state entertainment power! (Através de 50.000 watts de puro poder de entretenimento de estado sólido!) 1993: Bringing 21st Century Television to the Filipino (trazendo televisão do 21° século para o filipino) 1993: Sariwain ang nasyonalismo, ipagbunyi ang lahing Pilipino (Renove o nacionalismo, celebrar os filipinos) 1993: 40 Years: ABS-CBN and Philippine Television (40 anos: ABS-CBN e na televisão nas Filipinas) 1995-1997: All the Best Shows Come from the Brightest Network (Todos os melhores programas provêm da rede mais brilhante) 1996: 50 Years of Committed Communications (50 anos de comunicações cometidos) 1997: The Total Entertainment and Information Network (A rede total de entretenimento e informação) 1998: Itaguyod ang piso, tangkilikin ang produktong Pilipino (Promover o peso, desfrutar de produtos Filipinas) 1998: 45 Years of Philippine Television (45 anos de televisão nas Filipinas) 1999: Ang Puso't Diwa ng Telebisyong Pilipino (O coração e a alma da televisão filipina) 2000: Out of the Box....Into the New Millennium (Fora da caixa ... No novo milênio) 2002: Sa ABS-CBN, Ikaw ang No. 1 ( No ABS-CBN, você é o no. 1) 2002: It has never been this BIG (Nunca foi tão grande) 2003: ABS-CBN: 50 Years of Philippine Television (ABS-CBN: 50 anos de televisão nas Filipinas) 2004: Sabay Tayo, Kapamilya! (Vamos juntos, Kapamilya!) 2005: Bawat Pinoy, Kapamilya (Todo filipino é parte de nossa família) 2005: Iba Magmahal ang Kapamilya (O amor de um familiar é único) 2006: Angat Ang Pinoy (Os filipinos são ótimos) 2007: One Country, One Station, One Family (Um país, uma estação, uma família) 2008: Team Kapamilya Tayo (Nós e equipa família) 2008: 55 Years: One World, One Network, One Family (55 anos: um mundo, uma rede, uma família) 2008: ABS-CBN: Beyond Television (ABS-CBN: além da televisão) 2009: Kayang-Kaya Natin, Kapamilya (Nós podemos fazer isso, Kapamilya) 2010: Bilib sa Pinoy (Acredite em Filipino) 2011: BidaBest (Seja o melhor) 2012: Da Best ng Pilipino (O melhor dos Filipinos) 2013: 60 Years of Philippine Television: Kwento Natin Ito! (60 anos de televisão filipina: esta é a nossa história!) 2014: Masayang Muli ang Kwento Natin (Nossa história está feliz mais uma vez) 2015: Kapamilya, Thank You 2x (Kapamilya, obrigado 2x) 2015: Shine, Pilipinas! (Brilho, Filipinas!) 2015: Kapamilya, Thank You! (Kapamilya, obrigado!) 2016-agora: Isang Pamilya Tayo (Somos é uma família) Verão [ editar | editar código-fonte ] 2001: Sama-Summer Together (Juntos, temos neste verão) 2002: Saya ng Summer sa ABS-CBN (O verão é divertido no ABS-CBN) 2003: Fifty-iesta Na! (É uma festa de cinquenta anos!) 2004: Sabay Summer Tayo, Kapamilya (Vamos juntos neste verão, Kapamilya) 2005: Iba Ka-Summer ang Kapamilya (A companhia de um membro da família no verão é única) 2006: Kapamilya, Summer Na, Sama Ka! (Kapamilya, o verão chegou, participe!) 2007: Araw Natin 'To! (Este é o nosso dia!) 2008: One Team, One Summer (Uma equipe, um verão) 2009: Galaw-Galaw sa Tag-Araw! (Mova-se neste verão!) 2010: Summer ang Simula (O verão é o começo) 2011: Bida Best sa Tag-Araw (Seja o melhor neste verão) 2012: Pinoy Summer, Da Best Forever (O verão filipino é o melhor para sempre) 2013: Kwento ng Summer Natin (A história do nosso verão) 2014: Masayang Muli ang Kwento ng Summer (A história do verão está feliz mais uma vez) 2015: Shine, Pilipinas! (Brilho, Filipinas!) 2016: Ipanalo ang Pamilyang Pilipino (Fazer uma vitória da família filipina) 2017: Ikaw ang Sunshine Ko, Isang Pamilya Tayo (Você é minha luz do sol, somos uma família) Natal [ editar | editar código-fonte ] 1986-1997: Maligayang Pasko at Manigong Bagong Taon Mula sa ABS-CBN! (Um feliz natal e um feliz ano novo do ABS-CBN!) 1998: Maligayang Pasko Po sa Taon ng Sentenaryo (Feliz natal no ano centenário) 1998: Paskong Punong-Puno ng Puso (Uma natal cheio de coração) 1999: Maligayang Pasko Po sa Darating na Milenyo (Feliz natal no próximo milênio) 2000: Sama-Sama Tayo Ngayong Pasko! (Juntos, temos agora natal!) 2002: Isang Pamilya, Isang Puso Ngayong Pasko (Um familia, um coração neste natal) 2003-2004: Maligayang Pasko, Kapamilya (Feliz natal, Kapamilya) 2005: Magpasaya ng Kapamilya (Espalhar a alegria ao membro da família) 2006: Angat ang Ligaya ng Pasko (levantar a alegria do Natal) 2007: One Country, One Family, One Christmas: Walang Mag-Iisa Ngayong Pasko (Um país, uma família, uma Natal: sem sozinho de Natal) 2008: May Katuparan ang Hiling sa Kapamilyang Kapiling (Há desejos concedidos com uma família de enfrentamento) 2009: Bro, Ikaw ang Star ng Pasko (Bro, você é a estrela do Natal) 2010: Ngayong Pasko, Magniningning ang Pilipino (Este Natal, o filipino vai brilhar) 2011: Da Best ang Pasko ng Pilipino (O Natal dos filipinos é o melhor) 2012: Lumiliwanag ang Mundo sa Kwento ng Pasko (O mundo brilha na história do Natal) 2013: Magkasama Tayo sa Kwento ng Pasko (Estamos juntos na história do Natal) 2014: Thank You, ang Babait Ninyo (Obrigado por toda a sua gentileza) 2015: Thank You for the Love! (Obrigado pelo amor!) 2016: Isang Pamilya Tayo Ngayong Pasko (Somos uma família neste Natal) 2017: #JustLOVE (Só ame) Audiência [ editar | editar código-fonte ] Desde o início da TV, nas Filipinas, ABS-CBN estabeleceu-se a ser a rede líder mais assistido (com exceção de 1972-1988), nas Filipinas. Em 1970, a ABS-CBN reservado 80% quota de audiência - a maior quota de audiência postado por uma rede de televisão filipina. Desde o encerramento em 1972, ABS-CBN perdeu a maior parte de sua glória para emissoras de TV em sua maioria compadrio de propriedade como RPN, IBC, BBC, e GTV, e da GMA Network, de propriedade privada. Em 1986, a ABS-CBN não conseguiu recuperar seus dias de glória e havia pousado em quinto lugar, muito atrás das redes de notação superior. No entanto, após o relançamento 'Star Network', seu audiência da ABS-CBN começou a crescer rapidamente pelos meses, saltando de 5º lugar para o 2º lugar por Setembro de 1987 (seis meses após o relançamento), atrás de GMA. Em Agosto de 1988, ABS-CBN estava de volta em primeiro lugar em Mega Manila e em todo o país - que seria esta posição em Mega Manila para a próxima 16 anos. No final do ano 1988, a participação da ABS-CBN foi de 28%, superior da 24% do GMA. Por volta de 1990, os programas de ABS-CBN atraiu altas classificações, resultando em ABS-CBN capturar 40-50% de quota de audiência em Mega Manila e 70% quota de audiência em todo o país. Por causa de programas de grande sucesso, ABS-CBN conseguiu manter a liderança na audiência nacional dos Filipinas por 28 anos reta, a partir de 1988 até hoje. Na década de 1990, apesar da crescente concorrência, os ratings da ABS-CBN pico graças a maioria dos shows mais bem cotados. Em 1996, a sua quota de audiência em todo o país atingiu 77%, com 41% de audiência em Mega Manila e 81% quota de audiência nas províncias e regiões. Graças a este domínio contínuo, ABS-CBN foi capaz de crescer a partir de um gigante de radiodifusão para uma companhia de mídia integrada - a primeira rede no país de sempre a fazê-lo, bem como a expansão de 99% dos domicílios no país e se tornar um rede verdadeiramente nacional. No meio da década, no entanto, viu o surgimento de séries de drama (ou novelas) no horário nobre, tanto local quanto importado do México, após o sucesso de Marimar, que foi exibido na RPN em 1996, e levou a sucessos como Esperanza e Mula sa Puso. Antes de 1996, as séries de drama foram reestruturadas às tardes. Apesar disso, duas formas dominantes de programação em horário nobre antes de 1996, comédias semanais e blocos de filmes permaneceram parte do horário nobre do meio-dia até meados dos anos 2000. A outra programação dominante no horário nobre, o telejornal de 6:00, liderado por sua TV Patrol, continua a ser parte do bloco de horário nobre até hoje. Na década de 2000, o aumento da concorrência e a turbulência financeira forçaram o ABS-CBN a reformular sua programação, que viu a adição de dramas com temas de fantasia chamados de 'fantaseryes', reality shows e a remoção de sitcoms e shows de mordaça no horário nobre da semana. Apesar do aumento da concorrência, a rede conseguiu manter seu domínio nacional com sucessos como Pangako Sa 'Yo, Game KNB ?, Marina, Pinoy Big Brother, Bituing Walang Ningning e muito mais. Em 2007, a ABS-CBN reservado 47% quota de audiência em todo o país, superior da 35% do GMA. Na verdade, enquanto a GMA continuava a liderar o mercado em Mega Manila, o maior mercado de TV no país, a partir de 2004 a 2017, o ABS-CBN continuava sendo o principal canal em outras áreas em Luzon e em Visayas e Mindanao devido à maior recepção de sinal do que a GMA nessas áreas. Na mesma década, o ABS-CBN adicionou a sua série de drama de linha da Coréia do Sul, seguindo o sucesso do drama chinês Meteor Garden, que foi exibido no canal em 2003 (o 50º aniversário da emissora). Em junho de 2012, a participação da ABS-CBN atingiu 42%, dez pontos a mais do que os 32% registrados pelo GMA. Originalmente, ABS-CBN subscrito AGB Nielsen para as classificações de pesquisa. De 2000 a 2006, AGB Nielsen originalmente coberta mega Manila. Em 2006, eles lançaram o painel de ratings NUTAM que abrange todos os painéis urbanos, nas Filipinas, confirmando ABS-CBN como líder nacional em TV filipino. Em 2009, dois anos após uma polêmica envolvendo o provedor de medição de audiência AGB Nielsen, ABS-CBN deslocado para Kantar Media. Apesar AGB Nielsen ser um provedor ratings confiável, ele foi atingido com inúmeras controvérsias. Além disso, AGB Nielsen teria coberto apenas todos os painéis urbanos em todo o país, cobrindo 100% das áreas urbanas do país, mas apenas 57% de todas as áreas, e com um tamanho painel de 2.000 domicílios urbanos. Kantar Media, por sua vez, abrange tanto os painéis urbanos e rurais e cobre 100% de todas as áreas das Filipinas, e com um maior tamanho do painel de 2.610 famílias urbanas e rurais. Nos últimos anos, devido ao sucesso da sua caixa de configuração de TV digital, o ABS-CBN TVplus, ABS-CBN tem uma liderança de audiência mais ampla em comparação com seus resultados antes do lançamento da TVplus. A share da ABS-CBN cresceu de 42% no primeiro trimestre de 2015 (que viu o lançamento da TVplus em fevereiro desse ano) para 45% no terceiro trimestre de 2017, enquanto a share da GMA caiu de 35% para 34% no mesmo período. A share da ABS-CBN na Mega Manila tambem cresceu, de 31% para 35%, enquanto a share da GMA caiu de 40% para 36%, e em Metro Manila, a share da ABS-CBN saltou de 33% para 40% enquanto a share da GMA caiu de 35% a 29%. Em outubro de 2017, o ABS-CBN, que tinha 46% da participação da audiência na audiência nacional vs 33% da GMA, derrotou a GMA em Mega Manila com 36% de participação audiência frente aos 34% da GMA, continuando a liderar os índices do público em Metro Manila, Luzon , Visayas e Mindanao. O forte desempenho da rede em Mega Manila empurrou sua participação auditiva durante o segundo semestre de 2017 para 36% contra os 35% da GMA. Em 2017, ABS-CBN manteve o domínio nacional na audiência da TV para o 30º ano consecutivo, registrando 46% quota de audiência em todo o país contra do 34% do GMA. Ele derrotou o GMA no público da manhã (39% contra 32%) e do meio dia (45% vs 36%) pelo segundo ano consecutivo, e mantendo sua liderança na tarde (44% vs 37%) e primetime (50% vs 32%) . A participação de 46% na audiência foi maior do que a participação de 45% publicada em 2016 e também a maior desde que a Kantar Media apresentou seu painel ampliado de medição de audiência urbana e rural em junho de 2012. Programas [ editar | editar código-fonte ] Segunda a Sexta [ editar | editar código-fonte ] País Título do programa Gênero Hora Umagang Kay Ganda Telejornalismo 05:00 Kris TV Talk show 07:30 Naruto Shippuden (sétima temporada) Anime 09:00 WansapanaSummer Série 09:15 Summer Kapamilya Blockbusters Cinema 10:00 Oh My G! Telenovela 11:30 It's Showtime Programa de variedades 12:15 Flor de Liza Telenovela 14:30 Nasaan Ka Nang Kailangan Kita Telenovela 15:15 Let's Get Married Série 16:00 Mission Possible (Segunda) Programa jornalístico 16:30 3-in-1 (Terça) RealiTV (Quarta) Sports U (Quinta) Tapatan ni Tunying (Sexta) Kapamilya, Deal or No Deal Game show 17:00 Inday Bote Telenovela 18:00 TV Patrol Telejornalismo 18:30 Nathaniel Telenovela 19:40 Forevermore Telenovela 20:45 Bridges of Love Telenovela 21:10 Aquino & Abunda Tonight Talk show 21:50 My Lovely Girl Série 22:05 Bandila Telejornalismo 22:50 Mukha (Segunda) Programa jornalístico 23:45 Banana Nite (Terça a Sexta) Sitcom O Shopping Infomercial 00:00 Sábado e Domingo [ editar | editar código-fonte ] País Título do programa Gênero Hora Salamat Dok Programa jornalístico 06:00 (Sábado) 07:30 (Domingo) Kabuhayang Swak na Swak Programa jornalístico 07:00 Angel Wings (Sábado) Série 07:30 Sineskwela (Sábado) Educacional 08:00 Kung Fu Panda: Legends of Awesomeness (Sábado) Desenho animado 08:30 SpongeBob SquarePants (Sábado) Desenho animado 09:00 NBA (Sábado) Desporte 10:00 It's Showtime (Sábado) Programa de variedades 12:00 Ipaglaban Mo! (Sábado) Série 15:00 Failon Ngayon (Sábado) Programa jornalístico 16:00 S.O.C.O. (Scene of the Crime Operatives) (Sábado) Programa jornalístico 16:45 TV Patrol Weekend Telejornalismo 16:00 (Sábado) 15:30 (Domingo) Mga Kwento ni Marc Logan (Sábado) Humor 16:00 Home Sweetie Home (Sábado) Sitcom 16:30 MMK (Sábado) Série 19:15 Your Face Sounds Familiar Reality show 20:45 (Sábado) 20:30 (Domingo) Banana Split Extra Scoop (Sábado) Sitcom 21:45 The Bottomline with Boy Abunda Extra Scoop (Sábado) Talk show 23:30 O Shopping (após o dia seguinte) Infomercial 00:30 (Sábado) 00:45 (Domingo) The Healing Eucharist (Domingo) Religioso 06:00 Max Steel (Domingo) Desenho animado 08:30 Superbook (Domingo) Desenho animado 09:00 Matanglawin (Domingo) Informativo 10:00 Kapamilya Kiddie Blockbusters (Domingo) Cinema 10:45 ASAP (Domingo) Programa de variedades 12:15 Kapamilya Mega Blockbusters (Domingo) Cinema 10:45 Luv U (Domingo) Sitcom 17:00 Goin' Bulilit (Domingo) Sitcom 18:00 Wansapanataym (Domingo) Série 18:45 Rated K (Domingo) Revista 19:30 Gandang Gabi, Vice! (Domingo) Talk show 21:45 Sunday's Best Especiais de televisão 22:45 Canais da ABS-CBN [ editar | editar código-fonte ] Terrestre [ editar | editar código-fonte ] Analógico [ editar | editar código-fonte ] ABS-CBN Canal 2 ABS-CBN Sports and Action Digital [ editar | editar código-fonte ] Cine Mo! Yey! Cabo [ editar | editar código-fonte ] ANC (notícia) Cinema One (filme) DYAB TeleRadyo Cebu ( Cebu ) DXAB TeleRadyo Davao ( Davao ) DZMM TeleRadyo (notícias informativo) Hero (série animada dublado em tagalo) Jeepney TV (programas clássicos) Knowledge Channel (educacional) Lifestyle Network (estilo de vida) MYX (música) O Shopping (em parceria com CJ Group ) Internacional [ editar | editar código-fonte ] ABS-CBN Sports+Action International (disponível nos Estados Unidos ) Bro (disponível nos Estados Unidos ) Cinema One Global MYX TV (disponível nos Estados Unidos ) The Filipino Channel Extinto [ editar | editar código-fonte ] ANC Global (2002-2017) Balls/Balls HD (2008-2015) CgeTV (2010-2012) Maxxx (2008-2010) Studio 23 (1996-2014) Velvet (2008-2014) Estações de rádio da ABS-CBN [ editar | editar código-fonte ] Terrestre [ editar | editar código-fonte ] Analógico [ editar | editar código-fonte ] My Only Radio For Life! MOR 101.9 Manila DZMM Radyo Patrol 630 Internacional [ editar | editar código-fonte ] Filipino Radyo Network Internet [ editar | editar código-fonte ] Filipino On Demand iWanTV MOR TV Subsidiárias [ editar | editar código-fonte ] ABS-CBN Lingkod Kapamilya Foundation, Inc. ABS-CBN Global Ltd. ABS-CBN International ABS-CBN Interactive ABS-CBNmobile ABS-CBN Publishing, Inc. Creative Programs, Inc. Roadrunner Network, Inc. Sarimanok News Network, Inc. Sky Cable Corporation Star Cinema Star Magic Star Records Divisões [ editar | editar código-fonte ] ABS-CBN Film Archive ABS-CBN Licensing ABS-CBN News and Current Affairs ABS-CBN Sports Cable Channels and Print Media Group Creative Communications Management Group Manila Radio Division Regional Network Group Star Entertainment Group Referências ↑ 'The History of Philippine Television' ↑ Philippine Television: That's Entertainment Este artigo foi inicialmente traduzido do artigo da Wikipédia em inglês , cujo título é « ABS-CBN ». Ligações externas [ editar | editar código-fonte ] Site oficial v • e ABS-CBN Principais pessoas Charo Santos-Concio • Eugenio Lopez III Subsidiárias ABS-CBN Interactive • ABS-CBN Lingkod Kapamilya Foundation, Inc. • ABS-CBNmobile • ABS-CBN Publishing • ABS-CBN Cable Channels • Sarimanok News Network, Inc. • Sky Cable Corporation ( SkyCable • Destiny Cable ) • Star Cinema • Star Music Divisões ABS-CBN News and Current Affairs • ABS-CBN Sports Canais de televisão ABS-CBN • ABS-CBN Sports+Action • ABS-CBN News Channel • Balls • Cinema One • DZMM TeleRadyo • Hero • Jeepney TV • Knowledge Channel • Lifestyle Network • MYX • O Shopping Canais internacionais ABS-CBN Sports+Action International • Bro • Cinema One Global • Myx TV • The Filipino Channel Estações de rádio DZMM • MOR 101.9 • My Only Radio For Life! Estações internacionais Filipino Radyo Network Serviços de internet Filipino On Demand • iWanTV! Canais extintos ANC Global • CgeTV • Maxxx • Studio 23 • Velvet Artigos relacionados Lista de telenovelas • ABS-CBN Philharmonic Orchestra • ABS-CBN TV Plus • Bayan Productions • Himig Handog • Lopez Group of Companies • Myx Music Awards v d e Canais de televisão aberta de Manila e Região Metropolitana VHF analógico 02 - ABS-CBN • 04 - PTV • 05 - TV5 • 07 - GMA Network • 09 - RPN ( CNN Philippines ) • 11 - GMA News TV • 13 - IBC UHF analógico 21 - SBN ( ETC ) • 23 - ABS-CBN Sports+Action • 25 - Net 25 • 29 - RJTV ( 2nd Avenue ) • 31 - BEAM TV • 33 - ZOE TV ( Light TV 33 ) • 37 - UNTV • 39 - SMNI • 41 - NBC ( AksyonTV ) • 45 - 3ABN • 49 - INC TV Extintas 9 - Solar News Channel / 9TV • 23 - Studio 23 • 31 - Jack City v • e Emissoras de televisão das Filipinas Televisão aberta ABS-CBN Corporation : ABS-CBN • ABS-CBN Sports+Action GMA Network, Inc. : GMA Network • GMA News TV MediaQuest Holdings, Inc. ( TV5 Network, Inc. ) : TV5 • AksyonTV Nine Media Corporation / Turner Broadcasting System : RPN ( CNN Philippines ) Estatal : PTV • IBC Solar Entertainment Corporation : RJTV ( 2nd Avenue ) • SBN ( ETC ) Eagle Broadcasting Corporation : Net 25 Progressive Broadcasting Corporation : UNTV Outros : 3ABN • CCTN • INC TV • SMNI • ZOE TV (Light Network) Televisão por assinatura Creative Programs, Inc. ( ABS-CBN ) : ANC • Balls • Cinema One • DZMM Teleradyo • Hero • Jeepney TV • Knowledge Channel • Lifestyle Network • MYX • O Shopping Solar Entertainment Corporation : Basketball TV • CT • Jack TV • My Movie Channel • Shop TV • Solar All Access • Solar Sports MediaQuest Holdings ( TV5 ) : Colours • Hyper Viva Entertainment : MTV Pinoy • Pinoy Box Office • Tagalized Movie Channel • Viva TV STAR TV / Fox International Channels : Channel V Philippines • National Geographic Channel • STAR World • STAR Movies • Fox • Fox Filipino • Fox Sports • Fox Family Movies Sony Pictures Entertainment : AXN • Animax • Sony Channel Universal Networks International ( NBCUniversal ) : Universal Channel • Diva Universal • E! G Sat : Global News Network • Global Pinoy Cinema Catholic Media Network : CMN Radio • TV Maria Turner Broadcasting System : Cartoon Network • Camp Teletoon TV • Toonami Viacom : Nickelodeon • MTV Southeast Asia The Walt Disney Company / Disney-ABC Television Group : Disney Channel Asia • Disney Junior Asia Discovery Networks Asia : Discovery Channel Asia • TLC Asia • Animal Planet Asia Outros : Countryside Associated Television • Living Asia Channel • Pinoy Extreme • RHTV • RPN USA • TeleAsia • Telenovela Channel • TOP Channel • UniversiTV Portal da televisão Portal das Filipinas O Commons possui uma categoria contendo imagens e outros ficheiros sobre ABS-CBN Obtida de ' https://pt.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=ABS-CBN&oldid=50961634 ' Categorias : ABS-CBN Canais de televisão das Filipinas Canais de televisão fundados em 1953 Empresas fundadas em 1946 Empresas de mídia das Filipinas Redes de televisão das Filipinas Categoria oculta: !Artigos que carecem de notas de rodapé desde julho de 2017 Menu de navegação Ferramentas pessoais Não autenticado Discussão Contribuições Criar uma conta Entrar Domínios Artigo Discussão Variantes Vistas Ler Editar Editar código-fonte Ver histórico Mais Busca Navegação Página principal Conteúdo destacado Eventos atuais Esplanada Página aleatória Portais Informar um erro Loja da Wikipédia Colaboração Boas-vindas Ajuda Página de testes Portal comunitário Mudanças recentes Manutenção Criar página Páginas novas Contato Donativos Imprimir/exportar Criar um livro Descarregar como PDF Versão para impressão Noutros projetos Wikimedia Commons Ferramentas Páginas afluentes Alterações relacionadas Carregar ficheiro Páginas especiais Hiperligação permanente Informações da página Elemento Wikidata Citar esta página Noutros idiomas Bikol Central Deutsch English Español فارسی Suomi Français Bahasa Indonesia Ilokano Italiano 日本語 한국어 Bahasa Melayu Nederlands Pangasinan Română Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски Simple English Svenska Tagalog Türkçe Tiếng Việt 中文 Editar hiperligações Esta página foi editada pela última vez à(s) 09h50min de 8 de janeiro de 2018. 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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippines
  Philippines - Wikipedia Philippines From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation , search 'Philippine' redirects here. For the town in the Netherlands, see Philippine, Netherlands . Coordinates : 13°N 122°E  /  13°N 122°E  / 13. 122 Republic of the Philippines Republika ng Pilipinas Flag Coat of arms Motto: ' Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa ' [1] 'For God, People, ... . 121.033 Official languages Filipino English Recognized regional languages 19 languages [2] Aklanon ... Maranao Pangasinan Sambal Surigaonon Tagalog Taūsug Waray Yakan National language Filipino Optional ... % others Religion 92% Christianity 5.57% Islam 2.43% others [4] Demonym Filipino ( masculine or neutral ... ] medium · 44th HDI (2015) 0.682 [10] medium · 116th Currency Piso (Filipino: [ˈpiso] ) (₱) ( PHP ) Time ... and optional basis.' [13] ^ Filipino revolutionaries declared independence from Spain on June 12, 1898 CACHE

Philippines - Wikipedia Philippines From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation , search 'Philippine' redirects here. For the town in the Netherlands, see Philippine, Netherlands . Coordinates : 13°N 122°E  /  13°N 122°E  / 13. 122 Republic of the Philippines Republika ng Pilipinas Flag Coat of arms Motto: ' Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa ' [1] 'For God, People, Nature, and Country' Anthem: Lupang Hinirang Chosen Land Great Seal Dakilang Sagisag ng Pilipinas (Tagalog) Great Seal of the Philippines Capital Manila a 14°35′N 120°58′E  /  14.583°N 120.967°E  / 14.583. 120.967 Largest city Quezon City 14°38′N 121°02′E  /  14.633°N 121.033°E  / 14.633. 121.033 Official languages Filipino English Recognized regional languages 19 languages [2] Aklanon Central Bikol Cebuano Chavacano Hiligaynon Ibanag Ilocano Ivatan Kapampangan Kinaray-a Maguindanao Maranao Pangasinan Sambal Surigaonon Tagalog Taūsug Waray Yakan National language Filipino Optional languages b Spanish Arabic Ethnic groups (2010 [3] ) 33.8% Visayan 27.7% Tagalog 9.8% Ilocano 6.8% Bicolano 5.1% Moro 3.1% Kapampangan 1.7% Igorot 1.4% Pangasinense 1.2% Chinese 1.1% Zamboangueño 8.3% others Religion 92% Christianity 5.57% Islam 2.43% others [4] Demonym Filipino ( masculine or neutral ) Filipina ( feminine ) Pinoy ( colloquial masculine ) Pinay ( colloquial feminine ) Philippine ( English ) Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic • President Rodrigo Duterte • Vice President Leni Robredo • Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III • House Speaker Pantaleon Alvarez • Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno Legislature Congress • Upper house Senate • Lower house House of Representatives Formation of the republic e • Independence from Spain declared June 12, 1898 • Treaty of Paris (1898) / Spanish Cession c December 10, 1898 • Malolos Constitution / First Philippine Republic e January 21, 1899 • Tydings–McDuffie Act March 24, 1934 • Commonwealth of the Philippines May 14, 1935 • Treaty of Manila / Independence from United States d July 4, 1946 • Current constitution February 2, 1987 Area • Total 343,448 [5] km 2 (132,606 sq mi) ( 63rd ) • Water (%) 0.61 [6] (inland waters) • Land 341,353 [5] Population • Census 100,981,437 [7] ( 12th ) • Density 294/km 2 (761.5/sq mi) ( 37th ) GDP ( PPP ) 2018 estimate • Total $955.587 billion [8] • Per capita $8,815 [8] GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate • Total $389.484 billion [8] • Per capita $3,593 [8] Gini (2012) 43.0 [9] medium · 44th HDI (2015) 0.682 [10] medium · 116th Currency Piso (Filipino: [ˈpiso] ) (₱) ( PHP ) Time zone PST ( UTC +8) • Summer ( DST ) not observed ( UTC +8) Date format mm-dd-yyyy dd-mm-yyyy ( AD ) Drives on the right [11] Calling code +63 ISO 3166 code PH Internet TLD .ph Website National Government Portal Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines ^ While Manila proper is designated as the nation's capital, the whole of National Capital Region (NCR) is designated as seat of government , hence the name of a region. This is because it has many national government institutions aside from Malacanang Palace and some agencies/institutions that are located within the capital city. [12] ^ The 1987 Philippine constitution specifies 'Spanish and Arabic shall be promoted on a voluntary and optional basis.' [13] ^ Filipino revolutionaries declared independence from Spain on June 12, 1898, but Spain ceded the islands to the United States for $20 million in the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898 which eventually led to the Philippine–American War . ^ The United States of America recognized the independence of the Philippines on July 4, 1946, through the Treaty of Manila . [14] This date was chosen because it corresponds to the U.S. Independence Day , which was observed in the Philippines as Independence Day until May 12, 1962, when President Diosdado Macapagal issued Presidential Proclamation No. 28, shifting it to June 12, the date of Emilio Aguinaldo 's proclamation. [15] ^ In accordance with article 11 of the Revolutionary Government Decree of June 23, 1898, the Malolos Congress selected a commission to draw up a draft constitution on September 17, 1898. The commission was composed of Hipólito Magsalin, Basilio Teodoro, José Albert, Joaquín González , Gregorio Araneta , Pablo Ocampo, Aguedo Velarde, Higinio Benitez, Tomás del Rosario , José Alejandrino , Alberto Barretto, José Ma. de la Viña, José Luna, Antonio Luna , Mariano Abella, Juan Manday, Felipe Calderón , Arsenio Cruz and Felipe Buencamino. [16] They were all wealthy and well educated. [17] The Philippines ( / ˈ f ɪ l ɪ p iː n z / ( listen ) . Filipino : Pilipinas [ˌpɪlɪˈpinɐs] or Filipinas [ˌfɪlɪˈpinɐs] ), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas ) [a] is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia . Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands [18] that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon , Visayas , and Mindanao . The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City , both part of Metro Manila . [19] Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south. The Philippines' location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes the Philippines prone to earthquakes and typhoons, but also endows it with abundant natural resources and some of the world's greatest biodiversity . The Philippines has an area of 343,448 square kilometers (132,606 sq mi) [5] and, as of 2015, had a population of at least 100 million. [7] As of January 2018 [update] , it was the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. Approximately 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas , [20] comprising one of the world's largest diasporas . Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants. They were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples . [21] Exchanges with Chinese, Malay , Indian , and Islamic nations occurred. Then, various competing maritime states were established under the rule of Datus , Rajahs , Sultans or Lakans . The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in Homonhon , Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain . With the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi from Mexico City, in 1565, the first Hispanic settlement in the archipelago was established. [22] The Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. This resulted in Catholicism becoming the dominant religion. During this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons . [23] As the 19th century gave way to the 20th, the Philippine Revolution followed in quick succession, which then spawned the short-lived First Philippine Republic , followed by the bloody Philippine–American War . [24] Aside from the period of Japanese occupation , the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II , when the Philippines was recognized as an independent nation. Since then, the Philippines has often had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution . [25] It is a founding member of the United Nations , World Trade Organization , Association of Southeast Asian Nations , the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, and the East Asia Summit . It also hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank . [26] The Philippines is considered to be an emerging market and a newly industrialized country , [27] which has an economy transitioning from being one based on agriculture to one based more on services and manufacturing. [28] It is one of the only two predominantly Christian nations in Southeast Asia , the other being East Timor . Contents 1 Etymology 2 History 2.1 Prehistory 2.2 Precolonial epoch 2.2.1 Early historic coastal polities 2.3 Colonial era 2.3.1 Spanish rule 2.3.2 American rule 2.3.3 Japanese rule 2.4 Postcolonial period 2.5 Contemporary history 3 Politics 3.1 Foreign relations 3.2 Military 3.3 Administrative divisions 3.3.1 Administrative regions 4 Geography 4.1 Biodiversity 4.2 Climate 5 Economy 5.1 Transportation 5.2 Science and technology 5.3 Communications 5.4 Tourism 5.5 Water supply and sanitation 6 Demographics 6.1 Cities 6.2 Ethnic groups 6.3 Languages 6.4 Religion 7 Health 8 Education 9 Culture 9.1 Architecture 9.2 Music 9.3 Dance 9.4 Visual art 9.5 Values 9.6 Cuisine 9.7 Literature 9.8 Media 9.9 Cinema 9.10 Sports 9.11 Games 10 See also 11 Notes 12 References 12.1 Citations 12.2 Bibliography 13 External links Etymology Main article: Name of the Philippines Philip II of Spain . The Philippines was named in honor of King Philip II of Spain . Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos , during his expedition in 1542, named the islands of Leyte and Samar Felipinas after the then- Prince of Asturias . Eventually the name Las Islas Filipinas would be used to cover all the islands of the archipelago. Before that became commonplace, other names such as Islas del Poniente (Islands of the West) and Magellan's name for the islands San Lázaro were also used by the Spanish to refer to the islands. [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] The official name of the Philippines has changed several times in the course of its history. During the Philippine Revolution , the Malolos Congress proclaimed the establishment of the República Filipina or the Philippine Republic . From the period of the Spanish–American War (1898) and the Philippine–American War (1899–1902) until the Commonwealth period (1935–46), American colonial authorities referred to the country as the Philippine Islands , a translation of the Spanish name. [24] From the 1898 Treaty of Paris , the name Philippines began to appear and it has since become the country's common name. Since the end of World War II , the official name of the country has been the Republic of the Philippines . [34] History Main article: History of the Philippines Prehistory Further information: Prehistory of the Philippines The Tabon Caves are the site of one of the oldest human remains known in the Philippines, the Tabon Man The metatarsal of the Callao Man , reliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67,000 years ago is the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date. [35] This distinction previously belonged to the Tabon Man of Palawan , carbon-dated to around 26,500 years ago. [36] [37] Negritos were also among the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, but their first settlement in the Philippines has not been reliably dated. [38] There are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos. F. Landa Jocano theorizes that the ancestors of the Filipinos evolved locally . Wilhelm Solheim 's Island Origin Theory [39] postulates that the peopling of the archipelago transpired via trade networks originating in the Sundaland area around 48,000 to 5000 BC rather than by wide-scale migration. The Austronesian Expansion Theory explains that Malayo-Polynesians coming from Taiwan began migrating to the Philippines around 4000 BC, displacing earlier arrivals. [40] The most widely accepted theory, based on linguistic and archeological evidence, is the 'Out-of-Taiwan' model , which hypothesizes that Austronesians from Taiwan , who were themselves descended from the neolithic civilizations of the Yangtze river such as the Liangzhu culture , [41] began migrating to the Philippines around 4000 BC, displacing earlier arrivals. [40] [42] During the neolithic period, a 'jade culture' is said to have existed as evidenced by tens of thousands of exquisitely crafted jade artifacts found in the Philippines dated to 2000 BC. [43] [44] The jade is said to have originated nearby in Taiwan and is also found in many other areas in insular and mainland Southeast Asia. These artifacts are said to be evidence of long range communication between prehistoric Southeast Asian societies. [45] By 1000 BC, the inhabitants of the archipelago had developed into four kinds of social groups: hunter-gatherer tribes, warrior societies, highland plutocracies , and port principalities. [46] Precolonial epoch Further information: History of the Philippines (900–1521) , Religion in pre-colonial Philippines , and Cultural achievements of pre-colonial Philippines A Boxer Codex image illustrating the ancient kadatuan or tumao (noble class). The current demarcation between the Prehistory and the Early history of the Philippines is 21 April 900, which is the equivalent on the Proleptic Gregorian calendar for the date indicated on the Laguna Copperplate Inscription —the earliest known surviving written record to come from the Philippines. [47] This date came in the middle of what anthropologists refer to as the Philippines' 'Emergent Phase' (1st–14th centuries CE ), which was characterized by newly emerging socio-cultural patterns, the initial development of large coastal settlements, greater social stratification and specialization, and the beginnings of local and international trade. [48] By the 1300s, a number of the large coastal settlements had become progressive trading centers, and became the focal point of societal changes, ushering complex lifeways which characterized what F. Landa Jocano called the 'Barangic Phase' of early Philippine history, beginning from the 14th century through the arrival of Spanish colonizers and the beginning of the Philippines' colonial period. [48] The discovery of iron at around the 1st century AD created significant social and economic changes which allowed settlements to grow larger and develop new social patterns, characterized by social stratification and specialization. [48] Some of these polities, particularly the coastal settlements at or near the mouths of large rivers, [49] eventually developed substantial trade contacts with the early trading powers of Southeast Asia, most importantly the Indianized kingdoms of Malaysia and Java, the various dynasties of China, [49] Thailand, [50] and later, the Muslim Sultanate of Brunei. [51] They also traded with Vietnam , [50] Japan , [52] and other Austronesian islands. [53] Based on archeological findings, trade with China is believed to have begun in the Tang dynasty , but grew more extensive during the Song dynasty . [51] By the 2nd millennium CE, some (but not all) Philippine polities were known to have sent trade delegations which participated in the Tributary system enforced by the Chinese imperial court. [51] These 'tributary states' nominally acknowledged the Sinocentric system which saw China and the imperial court as the cultural center of the world. Among the early Philippine polities, this arrangement fulfilled the requirements for trade with China, but did not actually translate into political or military control. [51] [49] The Ifugao/Igorot people utilized terrace farming in the steep mountainous regions of northern Philippines over 2000 years ago. Regarding the relations of early Philippine polities with the various state-level polities of Indonesia and Malaysia, legendary accounts often mention the interaction of early Philippine polities with the Srivijaya empire, but there is not much archeological evidence to definitively support such a relationship. [48] Considerable evidence exists, on the other hand, for extensive trade with the Majapahit empire. [54] The exact scope and mechanisms of Indian cultural influences on early Philippine polities are still the subject of some debate among Southeast Asian historiographers, [48] [55] but the current scholarly consensus is that there was probably little or no direct trade between India and the Philippines, [48] [55] and Indian cultural traits, such as linguistic terms and religious practices, [54] filtered in during the 10th through the early 14th centuries, through early Philippine polities' relations with the Hindu Majapahit empire. [48] The Philippine archipelago is thus one of the countries, (others include Afghanistan and Southern Vietnam) just at the outer edge of what is considered the ' Greater Indian cultural zone'. [55] The early polities of the Philippine archipelago were typically characterized by a three-tier social structure. [48] [49] Although different cultures had different terms to describe them, this three-tier structure invariably consisted of an apex nobility class, a class of 'freemen', and a class of dependent debtor-bondsmen called 'alipin' or 'oripun.' [48] [49] Among the members of the nobility class were leaders who held the political office of 'Datu,' which was responsible for leading autonomous social groups called ' barangay ' or 'dulohan'. [48] Whenever these barangays banded together, either to form a larger settlement [48] or a geographically looser alliance group, [49] the more senior or respected among them would be recognized as a 'paramount datu', variedly called a Lakan, Sultan, Rajah, or simply a more senior Datu. [51] [48] [56] Early historic coastal polities The Laguna Copperplate Inscription, c. 900. The oldest known historical record found in the Philippines, discovered at Lumban, Laguna . The earliest historical record of these kingdoms is the Laguna Copperplate Inscription , which indirectly refers to the Tagalog polity of Tondo ( c.  before 900 –1589) and two to three other settlements believed to be located somewhere near Tondo, as well as a settlement near Mt. Diwata in Mindanao, and the temple complex of Medang in Java. [47] Although the precise political relationships between these polities is unclear in the text of the inscription, the artifact is usually accepted as evidence of intra- and inter-regional political linkages as early as 900 CE. [47] [51] [49] By the arrival of the earliest European ethnographers during the 1500s, Tondo was led by the paramount ruler called a ' Lakan '. [51] [49] It had grown into a major trading hub, sharing a monopoly with the Rajahnate of Maynila over the trade of Ming dynasty [57] products throughout the archipelago. [51] This trade was significant enough that the Yongle Emperor appointed a Chinese governor named Ko Ch'a-lao to oversee it. [58] [59] The next historical record referred a location in the Philippines is Volume 186 of official history of the Song dynasty which describes the 'country' of Ma-i ( c.  before 971 – after 1339 ). Song dynasty traders visited Ma-i annually, and their accounts described Ma-i's geography, trade products, and the trade behaviors of its rulers. [60] Because the descriptions of Mai's location in these accounts are not clear, there is some dispute about Mai's possible location, with some scholars believing it was located in Bay, Laguna , [61] and others believing it was on the island of Mindoro . [37] The Butuan Ivory Seal ( c.  1002 ) was recovered in the 1970s in Butuan . The official history of the Song dynasty next refers to the Rajahnate of Butuan ( c.  before 1001–1756 ) in northeastern Mindanao which is the first polity from the Philippine archipelago recorded as having sent a tribute mission to the Chinese empire – on March 17, 1001 CE. Butuan attained prominence under the rule of Rajah Sri Bata Shaja, [53] who was from a Buddhist ruling-class governing a Hindu nation. This state became powerful due to the local goldsmith industry and it also had commercial ties and a diplomatic rivalry with the Champa civilization. The Kedatuan of Madja-as ( c.  1200–1569 ) was founded following a civil war in collapsing Srivijaya, wherein loyalists of the Malay datus of Srivijaya defied the invading Chola dynasty and its puppet-Rajah, called Makatunao, and set up a guerrilla-state in the islands of the Visayas . Its founding datu, Puti, had purchased land for his new realms from the aboriginal Ati hero, Marikudo. [62] [ verification needed ] Madja-as was founded on Panay island (named after the destroyed state of Pannai allied under Srivijaya which was located in Sumatra ). Afterwards, the people of Madja-as often raided the port cities of southern China and warred with the Chinese navy. [63] The Rajahnate of Cebu [64] ( c.  1200–1565 ) was a neighbor of Madja-as in the Visayas led by Rajamuda Sri Lumay, a monarch with partial Tamil descent. This state grew wealthy by making use of the inter-island shipping within the archipelago. [65] Both the Rajahnates of Butuan and Cebu were allied to each other and they also maintained contact and had trade routes with Kutai , a Hindu country [66] in south Borneo established by Indian traders. [67] The earliest legendary date mentioning the Rajahnate of Maynila (c. 1258–1571) on the island of Luzon across the Pasig River from Tondo has to do with the naval victory of the Bruneian Rajah Ahmad over the Majapahit Rajah Avirjirkaya, who ruled a prior pre-Muslim settlement in the same location. [51] Chinese records of this period also mention a polity called 'Luzon.' This is believed to be a reference to Maynila since Portuguese and Spanish accounts from the 1520s explicitly state that 'Luçon' and 'Maynila' were 'one and the same', [51] although some historians argue that since none of these observers actually visited Maynila, 'Luçon' may simply have referred to all the Tagalog and Kapampangan polities that rose up on the shores of Manila Bay. [68] Either way, from the early 1500s to as late as the 1560s, this seafaring people was referred to in Portuguese Malacca as Luções , and they participated in trading ventures and military campaigns in Burma , Malacca and Eastern Timor [69] [70] [71] where they were employed as traders and mercenaries. [72] [73] [74] In northern Luzon, Caboloan (Pangasinan) ( c.  1406–1576 ) sent emissaries to China in 1406–1411, [75] and it also traded with Japan. [76] Map showing the extent of the Sultanate of Sulu in 1822. The 1300s saw the arrival and eventual spread of Islam in the Philippine archipelago. In 1380, Karim ul' Makdum and Shari'ful Hashem Syed Abu Bakr, an Arab trader born in Johore, arrived in Sulu from Malacca and established the Sultanate of Sulu by converting Sulu's rajah, Rajah Baguinda Ali and marrying his daughter. [77] [78] At the end of the 15th century, Shariff Mohammed Kabungsuwan of Johor introduced Islam in the island of Mindanao and established the Sultanate of Maguindanao . The sultanate form of government extended further into Lanao . [79] Islam then started to spread out of Mindanao in the south and went into Luzon in the north. Manila in Luzon was Islamized during the reign of Sultan Bolkiah in 1485 to 1521. This was accomplished because the Sultanate of Brunei subjugated Tondo by defeating Rajah Gambang in battle and thereafter installing the Muslim rajah, Rajah Salalila to the throne and by establishing the Bruneian puppet-state of the Rajahnate of Maynila. [80] [81] [82] [83] Sultan Bolkiah also married Laila Mecana, the daughter of Sulu Sultan Amir Ul-Ombra to expand Brunei 's influence in both Luzon and Mindanao. [84] The Muslims then proceeded to wage wars and conduct slave-raids against the Visayans. [85] Participating in the Muslim raids, the Sultanate of Ternate consequently destroyed the Kedatuan of Dapitan in Bohol. [86] The Rajahnates of Butuan and Cebu also endured slave raids from, and waged wars against the Sultanate of Maguindanao. [87] Simultaneous with these slave-raids, was the rebellion of Datu Lapu-Lapu of Mactan against Rajah Humabon of Cebu. [88] There was also a simmering territorial conflict between the Polity of Tondo and the Bruneian vassal-state, the Islamic Rajahnate of Maynila, to which the ruler of Maynila, Rajah Matanda , sought military assistance against Tondo from his relatives at the Sultanate of Brunei. [89] The rivalries between the Datus, Rajahs, Sultans, and Lakans eventually eased Spanish colonization. Furthermore, the islands were sparsely populated [90] due to consistent natural disasters [91] and inter-kingdom conflicts. Therefore, colonization was made easy and the small states of the archipelago quickly became incorporated into the Spanish Empire and were Hispanicized and Christianized. [92] Colonial era Journalist Alan Robles has opined, 'Colonialism created the Philippines, shaped its political culture and continues to influence its mindset. The 333 years under Spain and nearly five decades under the USA decisively moulded the nation'. [93] Anthropologist Prospero Covar has observed, 'Our thinking, culture, and psychology became virtually westernized, when we were, in fact, Asians.' [94] Spanish rule Further information: History of the Philippines (1521–1898) A sketch of a Manila galleon used during the Manila-Acapulco Trade . In 1521, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan 's expedition arrived in the Philippines, claimed the islands for Spain and was then killed at the Battle of Mactan . [95] Colonization began when Spanish explorer Miguel López de Legazpi arrived from Mexico in 1565 and formed the first Hispanic settlements in Cebu. After relocating to Panay island and consolidating a coalition of native Visayan allies, Hispanic soldiers and Latin-American recruits, the Spaniards then invaded Islamic Manila , therein they put down the Tondo Conspiracy and exiled the conspirators to Guam and Guerrero . [96] Under Spanish rule, they established Manila as the capital of the Spanish East Indies (1571). [97] They also defeated the Chinese warlord Limahong . [98] [99] To counteract the Islamization of the Philippines, the Spanish then conducted the Castilian War which was aimed against the Sultanate of Brunei [100] [101] and war was also waged against the Sultanate of Ternate and Tidore (in response to Ternatean slaving and piracy against Spain's allies: Bohol and Butuan ). [102] The Spanish considered their war with the Muslims in Southeast Asia an extension of the Reconquista , a centuries-long campaign to retake and rechristianize the Spanish homeland which was invaded by the Muslims of the Umayyad Caliphate . The Spanish expeditions into the Philippines were also part of a larger Ibero-Islamic world conflict [103] that included a rivalry with the Ottoman Caliphate which had a center of operations at its nearby vassal, the Sultanate of Aceh . [104] Consequently, fortifications were also set up in Taiwan and the Maluku islands . These were abandoned and the Spanish soldiers, along with the newly Christianized Papuan natives of the Moluccas , withdrew back to the Philippines in order to re-concentrate their military forces because of a threatened invasion by the Japan-born Ming -dynasty loyalist, Koxinga , ruler of the Kingdom of Tungning . [105] However, the planned invasion was aborted. Meanwhile, settlers were sent to the Pacific islands of Palau and the Marianas . [106] Spanish rule eventually contributed significantly to bringing political unity to the fragmented states of the archipelago. From 1565 to 1821, the Philippines was governed as a territory of the Mexico-based Viceroyalty of New Spain and then was administered directly from Madrid after the Mexican War of Independence . The Manila galleons , the largest wooden ships ever built, were constructed in Bicol and Cavite . [107] The Manila galleons were accompanied with a large naval escort as it traveled to and from Manila and Acapulco . [108] The galleons sailed once or twice a year, between the 16th and 19th centuries. [109] The Manila Galleons brought with them goods , [110] settlers [111] and military reinforcements destined for the Philippines, from Latin America . [112] The landing of the Spanish expedition to Sulu by Antonio Brugada . Trade introduced foodstuffs such as maize , tomatoes , potatoes , chili peppers , chocolate and pineapples from Mexico and Peru . Within the Philippines, the Marquisate of Buglas was established and the rule of it was awarded to Sebastian Elcano and his crew, the survivors of the first circumnavigation of the world, as well as his descendants. New towns were also created [99] and Catholic missionaries converted most of the lowland inhabitants to Christianity . [113] They also founded schools, a university, hospitals and churches which were built along the Earthquake Baroque architectural style. [114] To defend their settlements, the Spaniards constructed and manned a network of military fortresses (called ' Presidios ') across the archipelago. [115] The Spanish also decreed the introduction of free public schooling in 1863. [116] As a result of these policies the Philippine population increased exponentially. [117] [118] During its rule, Spain quelled various indigenous revolts . There were also several external military challenges from Chinese and Japanese pirates, the Dutch, the English, the Portuguese and the Muslims of Southeast Asia. Those challengers were fought off despite the hostile forces having encircled the Philippine archipelago in a crescent formed from Japan to Indonesia. British forces occupied Manila from 1762 to 1764 in an extension of the fighting of the Seven Years' War . Spanish rule was restored following the 1763 Treaty of Paris . [92] [119] [120] The Spanish–Moro conflict lasted for several hundred years. In the last quarter of the 19th century, Spain conquered portions of Mindanao and the Moro Muslims in the Sulu Sultanate formally recognized Spanish sovereignty. Photograph of armed Filipino revolutionaries known as Katipuneros . In the 19th century, Philippine ports opened to world trade and shifts started occurring within Filipino society. Many Spaniards born in the Philippines ( criollos ) [121] and those of mixed ancestry ( mestizos ) became wealthy and an influx of Latin American immigrants [122] opened up government positions traditionally held by Spaniards born in the Iberian Peninsula ( peninsulares ). The ideals of revolution also began to spread through the islands. Criollo dissatisfaction resulted in the 1872 Cavite Mutiny that was a precursor to the Philippine Revolution. [92] [123] [124] [125] Revolutionary sentiments were stoked in 1872 after three priests— Mariano Gómez , José Burgos , and Jacinto Zamora (collectively known as Gomburza )—were accused of sedition by colonial authorities and executed. [123] [124] This would inspire a propaganda movement in Spain, organized by Marcelo H. del Pilar , José Rizal , and Mariano Ponce , lobbying for political reforms in the Philippines. Rizal was eventually executed on December 30, 1896, on charges of rebellion. [126] As attempts at reform met with resistance, Andrés Bonifacio in 1892 established the secret society called the Katipunan , who sought independence from Spain through armed revolt. [125] Bonifacio and the Katipunan started the Philippine Revolution in 1896. A faction of the Katipunan, the Magdalo of Cavite province, eventually came to challenge Bonifacio's position as the leader of the revolution and Emilio Aguinaldo took over. In 1898, the Spanish–American War began in Cuba and reached the Philippines. Aguinaldo declared Philippine independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite on June 12, 1898, and the First Philippine Republic was established in the Barasoain Church in the following year. [92] American rule Further information: History of the Philippines (1898–1946) A depiction of the Battle of Paceo during the Philippine–American War . The islands were ceded by Spain to the United States as a result of the latter's victory in the Spanish–American War . [127] A compensation of US$20 million was paid to Spain according to the terms of the 1898 Treaty of Paris . [128] As it became increasingly clear the United States would not recognize the nascent First Philippine Republic, the Philippine–American War broke out, the First Republic was defeated, and the archipelago was administered under an Insular Government . [129] The war resulted in the deaths of tens of thousands of combatants as well as a couple of hundred thousand civilians, mostly from a cholera epidemic. [129] [130] [131] [132] The Americans then suppressed other rebellious sub-states: mainly, the waning Sultanate of Sulu , as well as the insurgent Tagalog Republic , the Cantonal Republic of Negros in the Visayas, and the Republic of Zamboanga in Mindanao. [133] [134] During this era, a renaissance in Philippine culture occurred, with the expansion of Philippine cinema and literature . [135] [136] [137] Daniel Burnham built an architectural plan for Manila which would have transformed it into a modern city. [138] In 1935, the Philippines was granted Commonwealth status with Manuel Quezon as president. He designated a national language and introduced women's suffrage and land reform. [139] [140] Japanese rule Further information: Japanese occupation of the Philippines General Douglas MacArthur landing ashore during the Battle of Leyte on October 20, 1944. Plans for independence over the next decade were interrupted by World War II when the Japanese Empire invaded and the Second Philippine Republic of José P. Laurel was established as a collaborator state. Many atrocities and war crimes were committed during the war such as the Bataan Death March and the Manila massacre that culminated with the Battle of Manila . [141] In 1944, Quezon died in exile in the United States and Sergio Osmeña succeeded him. The Allied Forces then employed a strategy of island hopping towards the Philippine archipelago , in the process, retaking territory conquered by Imperial Japan. From mid-1942 through mid-1944, the Filipino guerrilla resistance [142] [143] had been supplied and encouraged by U.S. Navy submarines and a few parachute drops, so that the guerrillas could harass the Japanese Army and take control of the rural areas, jungles and mountains – thus, the Japanese Empire only controlled 12 out of 48 provinces. [144] While remaining loyal to the United States, many Filipinos hoped and believed that liberation from the Japanese would bring them freedom and their already-promised independence. Eventually, the largest naval battle in history, according to gross tonnage sunk, the Battle of Leyte Gulf , occurred when Allied forces started the liberation of the Philippines from the Japanese Empire. [145] [146] Allied troops defeated the Japanese in 1945. By the end of the war it is estimated that over a million Filipinos had died. [147] [148] [149] Postcolonial period Further information: History of the Philippines (1946–65) and History of the Philippines (1965–86) Proclamation of Philippine independence from the United States (1946). On October 11, 1945, the Philippines became one of the founding members of the United Nations . [150] The following year, on July 4, 1946, the Philippines was officially recognized by the United States as an independent nation through the Treaty of Manila , during the presidency of Manuel Roxas . [6] Disgruntled remnants of the communist Hukbalahap [151] continued to roam the countryside but were put down by President Elpidio Quirino 's successor Ramon Magsaysay . [152] [153] Magsaysay's successor, Carlos P. Garcia , initiated the Filipino First Policy , [154] which was continued by Diosdado Macapagal , with celebration of Independence Day moved from July 4 to June 12, the date of Emilio Aguinaldo 's declaration , [155] [156] while furthering the claim on the eastern part of North Borneo . [157] [158] In 1965, Macapagal lost the presidential election to Ferdinand Marcos . Early in his presidency, Marcos initiated numerous infrastructure projects but was accused of massive corruption and embezzling billions of dollars in public funds. [159] Nearing the end of his term, Marcos declared Martial Law on September 21, 1972. [160] This period of his rule was characterized by political repression, censorship, and human rights violations but the US were steadfast in their support. [161] On August 21, 1983, Marcos' chief rival, opposition leader Benigno Aquino, Jr. , was assassinated on the tarmac at Manila International Airport . Marcos eventually called snap presidential elections in 1986 . [162] Marcos was proclaimed the winner, but the results were widely regarded as fraudulent, leading to the People Power Revolution . Marcos and his allies fled to Hawaii and Aquino's widow, Corazon Aquino was recognized as president. [162] [163] Contemporary history Further information: History of the Philippines (1986–present) The 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo is the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century. The return of democracy and government reforms beginning in 1986 were hampered by national debt, government corruption, coup attempts , disasters , a persistent communist insurgency , [164] and a military conflict with Moro separatists . [165] During Corazon Aquino 's administration, U.S. forces withdrew from the Philippines, due to the rejection of the U.S. Bases Extension Treaty , [166] [167] and leading to the official transfer of Clark Air Base in November 1991 and Subic Bay to the government in December 1992. [168] [169] The administration also faced a series of natural disasters, including the eruption of Mount Pinatubo in June 1991. [170] [171] After introducing a constitution that limited presidents to a single term, Aquino did not stand for re-election. Aquino was succeeded by Fidel V. Ramos , who won the Philippine presidential election held in May 1992. During this period the country's economic performance remained modest, with a 3.6% [172] percent GDP growth rate. [173] However, the political stability and economic improvements, such as the peace agreement with the Moro National Liberation Front in 1996, [174] were overshadowed by the onset of the 1997 Asian financial crisis . [175] [176] On his Presidency the death penalty was revived in the light of the Rape-slay case of Eileen Sarmienta and Allan Gomez in 1993 and the first person to be executed was Leo Echegaray in 1999. [177] Ramos' successor, Joseph Estrada assumed office in June 1998 and managed to regain the economy from −0.6% growth to 3.4% by 1999 amidst the 1997 Asian financial crisis . [178] [179] [180] The government had announced a war against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front in March 2000 and neutralized the camps including the headquarters of the insurgents. [181] [182] In the middle of ongoing conflict with the Abu Sayyaf , [183] accusations of alleged corruption, and a stalled impeachment process, Estrada 's administration was overthrown by the 2001 EDSA Revolution and succeeded by his Vice President , Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on January 20, 2001. [184] In Arroyo 's 9-year administration, the economy experienced a phenomenal growth of 4-7% averaging at 5.33% from 2002 to 2007 with the completion of infrastructure projects like LRT Line 2 in 2004 [185] and managed to avoid the Great Recession . [186] By comparison, the Philippines has been growing an average of 3.6% from 1965 to 2001 or 3.5% (1986-2001) if we include only those years when democracy was already achievement in the Philippines on 1986. The improvement of the Philippine annual growth rate from her predecessors (since Marcos Regime to Estrada Administration) was around 1.7–1.87%. And this jumpstart from a sluggish economy for almost 5 decades that left it behind by its neighbors in the 1960s would prove to be the Philippines rise from being the sick man of Asia to become one of the ' Tiger Cub Economy ' for the next decade after her administration. [172] Nevertheless, it was tied with graft and political scandals like the Hello Garci scandal pertaining to the alleged manipulation of votes in the 2004 presidential elections . [187] [188] [189] [190] On November 23, 2009, the Maguindanao massacre led to the murder of 34 journalists. [191] [192] Benigno Aquino III won the 2010 national elections and served as the 15th President of the Philippines . The first major issue he dealt with was the 2010 Manila hostage crisis that caused deeply strained relations between Manila and Hong Kong for a time. The Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro was signed on October 15, 2012, as the first step of the creation of an autonomous political entity named Bangsamoro . [193] However, territorial disputes in eastern Sabah and the South China Sea have escalated. [194] [195] [196] On May 15, 2013, the Philippines implemented the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, commonly known as K–12 program . It added two more years to the country's ten-year schooling system for primary and secondary education. [197] On November 8, 2013, Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) struck and heavily devastated the country, especially in the Visayas . [198] [199] When the United States President Barack Obama visited the Philippines on April 28, 2014, the Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement , was signed, paving the way for the return of United States Armed Forces bases into the country. [200] [201] [202] [203] On January 25, 2015, 44 members of the Philippine National Police - Special Action Force were killed after a clash took place in Mamasapano , Maguindanao putting efforts to pass the Bangsamoro Basic Law into law in an impasse. [204] [205] Rodrigo Duterte takes his oath as he is sworn in as the 16th President of the Philippines Former Davao City mayor Rodrigo Duterte of PDP–Laban won the 2016 presidential election becoming the first president from Mindanao . [206] On July 12, 2016, the Permanent Court of Arbitration ruled in favor of the Philippines in its case against China's claims in the South China Sea. [207] After winning the Presidency, Duterte launched an intensified anti-drug campaign to fulfill a campaign promise of wiping out criminality in six months. [208] By March 2017, the death toll for the Philippine Drug War passed 8,000 people, with 2,679 killed in legitimate police operations and the rest the government claims to be homicide cases. [209] [210] [211] Duterte initiated the 'Build, Build, Build' program, which aims to usher the Philippines into a new 'golden age' of infrastructure. It will create more jobs and business opportunities, which, in turn, would sustain the country’s economic growth and accelerate poverty reduction. [212] The construction industry needs two million more workers to sustain the program. [213] [214] The Build, Build, Build program is made up of 75 projects, which includes six air transport projects, 12 rail transport projects, and four water transport projects. It also includes four major flood management projects, 11 water supply and irrigation projects, four power projects, and three other public infrastructure projects. [215] The Philippines is expected to spend $160 billion to $180 billion up to 2022 for the public investments in infrastructure. [216] Politics Main articles: Politics of the Philippines , President of the Philippines , and Constitution of the Philippines Malacañang Palace is the official residence of the President of the Philippines . The Philippines has a democratic government in the form of a constitutional republic with a presidential system . [217] It is governed as a unitary state with the exception of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), which is largely free from the national government. There have been attempts to change the government to a federal , unicameral , or parliamentary government since the Ramos administration. [218] [219] The President functions as both head of state and head of government and is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces . The president is elected by popular vote for a single six-year term, during which he or she appoints and presides over the cabinet . [220] The bicameral Congress is composed of the Senate , serving as the upper house , with members elected to a six-year term, and the House of Representatives , serving as the lower house , with members elected to a three-year term. [220] Senators are elected at large while the representatives are elected from both legislative districts and through sectoral representation. [220] The judicial power is vested in the Supreme Court , composed of a Chief Justice as its presiding officer and fourteen associate justices , all of whom are appointed by the President from nominations submitted by the Judicial and Bar Council . [220] Foreign relations Main article: Foreign relations of the Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte and U.S. President Donald Trump discuss matters during a bilateral meeting in Pasay City , 2017. The Philippines' international relations are based on trade with other nations and the well-being of the 10 million overseas Filipinos living outside the country. [221] As a founding and active member of the United Nations , the Philippines has been elected several times into the Security Council . Carlos P. Romulo was a former President of the United Nations General Assembly . The country is an active participant in the Human Rights Council as well as in peacekeeping missions, particularly in East Timor . [222] [223] [224] In addition to membership in the United Nations, the Philippines is also a founding and active member of ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations), an organization designed to strengthen relations and promote economic and cultural growth among states in the Southeast Asian region. [225] It has hosted several summits and is an active contributor to the direction and policies of the bloc. [226] The Philippines values its relations with the United States. [221] It supported the United States during the Cold War and the War on Terror and is a major non-NATO ally . Despite this history of goodwill, controversies related to the presence of the now former U.S. military bases in Subic Bay and Clark and the current Visiting Forces Agreement have flared up from time to time. [221] Japan, the biggest contributor of official development assistance to the country, [227] is thought of as a friend. Although historical tensions still exist on issues such as the plight of comfort women , much of the animosity inspired by memories of World War II has faded. [228] Relations with other nations are generally positive. Shared democratic values ease relations with Western and European countries while similar economic concerns help in relations with other developing countries. Historical ties and cultural similarities also serve as a bridge in relations with Spain . [229] [230] [231] Despite issues such as domestic abuse and war affecting overseas Filipino workers, [232] [233] relations with Middle Eastern countries are friendly as seen in the continuous employment of more than two million overseas Filipinos living there. [234] With communism no longer the threat it once was, once hostile relations in the 1950s between the Philippines and China have improved greatly. Issues involving Taiwan, the Spratly Islands, and concerns of expanding Chinese influence, however, still encourage a degree of caution. [228] Recent foreign policy has been mostly about economic relations with its Southeast Asian and Asia-Pacific neighbors. [221] The Philippines is an active member of the East Asia Summit (EAS), the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Latin Union , the Group of 24 , and the Non-Aligned Movement . [220] It is also seeking to strengthen relations with Islamic countries by campaigning for observer status in the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation . [235] [236] Military Main article: Armed Forces of the Philippines Clockwise from top: Philippine Marine Corps , BRP Gregorio del Pilar (FF-15) of the Philippine Navy , Philippine Army AIFVs and FA-50 of the Philippine Air Force . The Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) are responsible for national security and consist of three branches: the Philippine Air Force , the Philippine Army , and the Philippine Navy (includes the Marine Corps ). [237] [238] [239] The Armed Forces of the Philippines are a volunteer force . [240] Civilian security is handled by the Philippine National Police under the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG). [241] [242] In the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, the largest separatist organization, the Moro National Liberation Front , is now engaging the government politically. Other more militant groups like the Moro Islamic Liberation Front , the communist New People's Army , and the Abu Sayyaf have previously kidnapped foreigners for ransom, particularly on the southern island of Mindanao . [244] [245] [246] [247] Their presence decreased due to successful security provided by the Philippine government. [248] [249] At 1.1 percent of GDP, the Philippines spent less on its military forces than the regional average. As of 2014 [update] Malaysia and Thailand were estimated to spend 1.5%, China 2.1%, Vietnam 2.2% and South Korea 2.6%. [250] [251] The Philippines has been an ally of the United States since World War II. A mutual defense treaty between the two countries was signed in 1951. The Philippines supported American policies during the Cold War and participated in the Korean and Vietnam wars. It was a member of the now dissolved SEATO , a group that was intended to serve a role similar to NATO and that included Australia, France, New Zealand, Pakistan, Thailand, the United Kingdom, and the United States. [252] After the start of the War on Terror , the Philippines was part of the coalition that gave support to the United States in Iraq. [253] Administrative divisions Main article: Administrative divisions of the Philippines The Philippines is divided into three island groups: Luzon , Visayas , and Mindanao . These are further divided into 17 regions , 81 provinces , 145 cities , 1,489 municipalities , and 42,036 barangays . [254] In addition, Section 2 of Republic Act No. 5446 asserts that the definition of the territorial sea around the Philippine archipelago does not affect the claim over the eastern part of Sabah . [255] [256] v t e Administrative Divisions of the Philippines Administrative Regions Ilocos Region (Region I) Cagayan Valley (Region II) Central Luzon (Region III) Calabarzon (Region IV-A) Southwestern Tagalog Region (Mimaropa Region) Bicol Region (Region V) Western Visayas (Region VI) Central Visayas (Region VII) Eastern Visayas (Region VIII) Zamboanga Peninsula (Region IX) Northern Mindanao (Region X) Davao Region (Region XI) Soccsksargen (Region XII) Caraga (Region XIII) Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) National Capital Region (NCR) Autonomous Region Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) Provinces Abra Agusan del Norte Agusan del Sur Aklan Albay Antique Apayao Aurora Basilan Bataan Batanes Batangas Benguet Biliran Bohol Bukidnon Bulacan Cagayan Camarines Norte Camarines Sur Camiguin Capiz Catanduanes Cavite Cebu Compostela Valley Cotabato Davao del Norte Davao del Sur Davao Occidental Davao Oriental Dinagat Islands Eastern Samar Guimaras Ifugao Ilocos Norte Ilocos Sur Iloilo Isabela Kalinga La Union Laguna Lanao del Norte Lanao del Sur Leyte Maguindanao Marinduque Masbate Misamis Occidental Misamis Oriental Mountain Province Negros Occidental Negros Oriental Northern Samar Nueva Ecija Nueva Vizcaya Occidental Mindoro Oriental Mindoro Palawan Pampanga Pangasinan Quezon Quirino Rizal Romblon Samar Sarangani Siquijor Sorsogon South Cotabato Southern Leyte Sultan Kudarat Sulu Surigao del Norte Surigao del Sur Tarlac Tawi-Tawi Zambales Zamboanga del Norte Zamboanga del Sur Zamboanga Sibugay Cities and Municipalities See: List of cities in the Philippines and List of cities and municipalities in the Philippines Barangays See: Lists of barangays in Philippine provinces Administrative regions Main article: Regions of the Philippines Regions in the Philippines are administrative divisions that serve primarily to organize the provinces of the country for administrative convenience. The Philippines is divided into 17 regions (16 administrative and 1 autonomous ). Most government offices are established by region instead of individual provincial offices, usually (but not always) in the city designated as the regional center. As of 2015 [update] , CALABARZON was the most populated region while the National Capitol Region (NCR) the most densely populated. 10 Most Populous Regions of the Philippines (2015) [257] Rank Designation Name Area Population (as of 2015 [update] ) % of Population Population density 1st Region IV CALABARZON 16,873.31 km 2 (6,514.82 sq mi) 14,414,774 7001142700000000000♠ 14.27% 850/km 2 (2,200/sq mi) 2nd NCR National Capital Region 619.57 km 2 (239.22 sq mi) 12,877,253 7001127500000000000♠ 12.75% 21,000/km 2 (54,000/sq mi) 3rd Region III Central Luzon 22,014.63 km 2 (8,499.90 sq mi) 11,218,177 7001111100000000000♠ 11.11% 510/km 2 (1,300/sq mi) 4th Region VII Central Visayas 10,102.16 km 2 (3,900.47 sq mi) 6,041,903 7000598000000000000♠ 5.98% 600/km 2 (1,600/sq mi) 5th Region V Bicol Region 18,155.82 km 2 (7,010.00 sq mi) 5,796,989 7000574000000000000♠ 5.74% 320/km 2 (830/sq mi) 6th Region I Ilocos Region 16,873.31 km 2 (6,514.82 sq mi) 5,026,128 7000498000000000000♠ 4.98% 300/km 2 (780/sq mi) 7th Region XI Davao Region 20,357.42 km 2 (7,860.04 sq mi) 4,893,318 7000485000000099999♠ 4.85% 240/km 2 (620/sq mi) 8th Region X Northern Mindanao 20,496.02 km 2 (7,913.56 sq mi) 4,689,302 7000464000000099999♠ 4.64% 230/km 2 (600/sq mi) 9th Region XII SOCCSKSARGEN 22,513.30 km 2 (8,692.43 sq mi) 4,545,276 7000450000000000000♠ 4.50% 200/km 2 (520/sq mi) 10th Region VI Western Visayas 12,828.97 km 2 (4,953.29 sq mi) 4,477,247 7000443000000000000♠ 4.43% 350/km 2 (910/sq mi) Geography Main article: Geography of the Philippines Topography of the Philippines The Philippines is an archipelago composed of about 7,641 islands [258] with a total land area, including inland bodies of water, of 343,448 square kilometers (132,606 sq mi) [5] . The 36,289 kilometers (22,549 mi) of coastline makes it the country with the 5th longest coastline in the world. [220] [259] It is located between 116° 40', and 126° 34' E longitude and 4° 40' and 21° 10' N latitude and is bordered by the Philippine Sea [260] to the east, the South China Sea [261] to the west, and the Celebes Sea [262] to the south. The island of Borneo [263] is located a few hundred kilometers southwest and Taiwan is located directly to the north. The Moluccas and Sulawesi are located to the south-southwest and Palau is located to the east of the islands. [220] Most of the mountainous islands are covered in tropical rainforest and volcanic in origin. The highest mountain is Mount Apo . It measures up to 2,954 meters (9,692 ft) above sea level and is located on the island of Mindanao. [264] [265] The Galathea Depth in the Philippine Trench is the deepest point in the country and the third deepest in the world . The trench is located in the Philippine Sea. [266] The longest river is the Cagayan River in northern Luzon. [267] Manila Bay , upon the shore of which the capital city of Manila lies, is connected to Laguna de Bay , the largest lake in the Philippines, by the Pasig River . Subic Bay , the Davao Gulf , and the Moro Gulf are other important bays. The San Juanico Strait separates the islands of Samar and Leyte but it is traversed by the San Juanico Bridge . [268] Situated on the western fringes of the Pacific Ring of Fire , the Philippines experiences frequent seismic and volcanic activity. The Benham Plateau to the east in the Philippine Sea is an undersea region active in tectonic subduction . [269] Around 20 earthquakes are registered daily, though most are too weak to be felt. The last major earthquake was the 1990 Luzon earthquake . [270] Mayon is the Philippines' most active volcano. There are many active volcanoes such as the Mayon Volcano , Mount Pinatubo , and Taal Volcano . The eruption of Mount Pinatubo in June 1991 produced the second largest terrestrial eruption of the 20th century. [271] Not all notable geographic features are so violent or destructive. A more serene legacy of the geological disturbances is the Puerto Princesa Subterranean River , the area represents a habitat for biodiversity conservation , the site also contains a full mountain-to-the-sea ecosystem and has some of the most important forests in Asia. [272] Due to the volcanic nature of the islands, mineral deposits are abundant. The country is estimated to have the second-largest gold deposits after South Africa and one of the largest copper deposits in the world. [273] It is also rich in nickel, chromite, and zinc. Despite this, poor management, high population density, and environmental consciousness have resulted in these mineral resources remaining largely untapped. [273] Geothermal energy is a product of volcanic activity that the Philippines has harnessed more successfully. The Philippines is the world's second-biggest geothermal producer behind the United States, with 18% of the country's electricity needs being met by geothermal power. [274] Biodiversity Main article: Wildlife of the Philippines See also: List of threatened species of the Philippines Philippine tarsier ( Tarsius syrichta ), one of the smallest primates . The Philippines' rainforests and its extensive coastlines make it home to a diverse range of birds, plants, animals, and sea creatures. [275] It is one of the ten most biologically megadiverse countries . [276] [277] [278] Around 1,100 land vertebrate species can be found in the Philippines including over 100 mammal species and 170 bird species not thought to exist elsewhere. [279] The Philippines has among the highest rates of discovery in the world with sixteen new species of mammals discovered in the last ten years. Because of this, the rate of endemism for the Philippines has risen and likely will continue to rise. [280] Native mammals include the palm civet cat , the dugong , the cloud rat and the Philippine tarsier associated with Bohol . Although the Philippines lacks large mammalian predators, it does have some very large reptiles such as pythons and cobras , together with gigantic saltwater crocodiles . The largest crocodile in captivity, known locally as Lolong , was captured in the southern island of Mindanao. [281] [282] The national bird , known as the Philippine eagle has the longest body of any eagle , it generally measures 86 to 102 cm (2.82 to 3.35 ft) in length and weighs 4.7 to 8.0 kg (10.4 to 17.6 lb). [283] [284] The Philippine eagle is part of the Accipitridae family and is endemic to the rainforests of Luzon , Samar , Leyte and Mindanao . Rafflesia speciosa is endemic to the island of Panay . Philippine maritime waters encompass as much as 2,200,000 square kilometers (849,425 sq mi) producing unique and diverse marine life, an important part of the Coral Triangle . [255] The total number of corals and marine fish species was estimated at 500 and 2,400 respectively. [275] [279] New records [285] [286] and species discoveries [287] [288] [289] continuously increase these numbers underlining the uniqueness of the marine resources in the Philippines. The Tubbataha Reef in the Sulu Sea was declared a World Heritage Site in 1993. Philippine waters also sustain the cultivation of pearls, crabs, and seaweeds. [275] [290] With an estimated 13,500 plant species in the country, 3,200 of which are unique to the islands, [279] Philippine rainforests boast an array of flora, including many rare types of orchids and rafflesia . [291] [292] Deforestation , often the result of illegal logging, is an acute problem in the Philippines . Forest cover declined from 70% of the Philippines's total land area in 1900 to about 18.3% in 1999. [293] Many species are endangered and scientists say that Southeast Asia , which the Philippines is part of, faces a catastrophic extinction rate of 20% by the end of the 21st century. [294] According to Conservation International , 'the country is one of the few nations that is, in its entirety, both a hotspot and a megadiversity country, placing it among the top priority hotspots for global conservation.' [291] Climate Main article: Climate of the Philippines The Philippines has a tropical maritime climate that is usually hot and humid. There are three seasons: tag-init or tag-araw , the hot dry season or summer from March to May. tag-ulan , the rainy season from June to November. and tag-lamig , the cool dry season from December to February. The southwest monsoon (from May to October) is known as the Habagat, and the dry winds of the northeast monsoon (from November to April), the Amihan. [295] Temperatures usually range from 21 °C (70 °F) to 32 °C (90 °F) although it can get cooler or hotter depending on the season. The coolest month is January. the warmest is May. [220] [296] The average yearly temperature is around 26.6 °C (79.9 °F). [295] In considering temperature, location in terms of latitude and longitude is not a significant factor. Whether in the extreme north, south, east, or west of the country, temperatures at sea level tend to be in the same range. Altitude usually has more of an impact. The average annual temperature of Baguio at an elevation of 1,500 meters (4,900 ft) above sea level is 18.3 °C (64.9 °F), making it a popular destination during hot summers. [295] Sitting astride the typhoon belt , most of the islands experience annual torrential rains and thunderstorms from July to October, [297] with around nineteen typhoons entering the Philippine area of responsibility in a typical year and eight or nine making landfall. [298] [299] [300] Annual rainfall measures as much as 5,000 millimeters (200 in) in the mountainous east coast section but less than 1,000 millimeters (39 in) in some of the sheltered valleys. [297] The wettest known tropical cyclone to impact the archipelago was the July 1911 cyclone , which dropped over 1,168 millimeters (46.0 in) of rainfall within a 24-hour period in Baguio. [301] Bagyo is the local term for a tropical cyclone in the Philippines. [301] Economy Main article: Economy of the Philippines A proportional representation of the Philippines' exports, 2012. The Philippine economy is the 34th largest in the world , with an estimated 2017 gross domestic product (nominal) of $348.593 billion. [8] Primary exports include semiconductors and electronic products, transport equipment, garments, copper products, petroleum products, coconut oil , and fruits. [6] Major trading partners include the United States, Japan, China, Singapore, South Korea, the Netherlands, Hong Kong, Germany, Taiwan, and Thailand. [6] Its unit of currency is the Philippine peso (₱ or PHP). [302] Filipinos planting rice. Agriculture employs 30% of the Filipino workforce as of 2014 [update] . [303] A newly industrialized country , the Philippine economy has been transitioning from one based upon agriculture to an economy with more emphasis upon services and manufacturing. Of the country's total labor force of around 40.813 Million, [6] the agricultural sector employs 30% of the labor force , and accounts for 14% of GDP. The industrial sector employs around 14% of the workforce and accounts for 30% of GDP. Meanwhile, the 47% of workers involved in the services sector are responsible for 56% of GDP. [304] [305] The unemployment rate as of 14 December 2014 [update] , stands at 6.0%. [306] [307] Meanwhile, due to lower charges in basic necessities, the inflation rate eases to 3.7% in November. [308] Gross international reserves as of October 2013 are $83.201 billion. [309] The Debt-to-GDP ratio continues to decline to 38.1% as of March 2014 [310] [311] from a record high of 78% in 2004. [312] The country is a net importer [305] but it is also a creditor nation. [313] After World War II, the Philippines was for a time regarded as the second wealthiest in East Asia, next only to Japan. [221] [314] [315] In the 1960s its economic performance started being overtaken. The economy stagnated under the dictatorship of President Ferdinand Marcos as the regime spawned economic mismanagement and political volatility. [221] [315] The country suffered from slow economic growth and bouts of economic recession . Only in the 1990s with a program of economic liberalization did the economy begin to recover. [221] [315] The 1997 Asian Financial Crisis affected the economy, resulting in a lingering decline of the value of the peso and falls in the stock market. The extent it was affected initially was not as severe as that of some of its Asian neighbors. This was largely due to the fiscal conservatism of the government, partly as a result of decades of monitoring and fiscal supervision from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), in comparison to the massive spending of its neighbors on the rapid acceleration of economic growth. [174] There have been signs of progress since. In 2004, the economy experienced 6.4% GDP growth and 7.1% in 2007, its fastest pace of growth in three decades. [316] [317] Average annual GDP growth per capita for the period 1966–2007 still stands at 1.45% in comparison to an average of 5.96% for the East Asia and the Pacific region as a whole. The daily income for 45% of the population of the Philippines remains less than $2. [318] [319] [320] The economy is heavily reliant upon remittances from overseas Filipinos , which surpass foreign direct investment as a source of foreign currency. Remittances peaked in 2010 at 10.4% of the national GDP, and were 8.6% in 2012 and in 2014, Philippines total worth of foreign exchange remittances was US$28 billion. [321] [322] Regional development is uneven, with Luzon – Metro Manila in particular – gaining most of the new economic growth at the expense of the other regions, [323] [324] although the government has taken steps to distribute economic growth by promoting investment in other areas of the country. Despite constraints, service industries such as tourism and business process outsourcing have been identified as areas with some of the best opportunities for growth for the country. [305] [325] Goldman Sachs includes the country in its list of the ' Next Eleven ' economies [326] [327] but China and India have emerged as major economic competitors. [328] Goldman Sachs estimates that by the year 2050, it will be the 20th largest economy in the world. [329] HSBC also projects the Philippine economy to become the 16th largest economy in the world, 5th largest economy in Asia and the largest economy in the South East Asian region by 2050. [330] [331] [332] The Philippines is a member of the World Bank , the International Monetary Fund, the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Asian Development Bank which is headquartered in Mandaluyong , the Colombo Plan , the G-77 and the G-24 among other groups and institutions. [6] Transportation Main article: Transportation in the Philippines A section of the Tarlac–Pangasinan–La Union Expressway . The transportation infrastructure in the Philippines is relatively underdeveloped. This is partly due to the mountainous terrain and the scattered geography of the islands, but also the result of consistently low investment in infrastructure by successive governments. In 2013, about 3% of national GDP went towards infrastructure development – much lower than many of its neighbors. [333] [334] There are 216,387 kilometers (134,457 mi) of roads in the Philippines, with only 61,093 kilometers (37,961 mi) of roads paved. [335] Buses, jeepneys , taxis, and motorized tricycles are commonly available in major cities and towns. In 2007, there were about 5.53 million registered motor vehicles with registrations increasing at an average annual rate of 4.55%. [336] The Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines manages airports and implementation of policies regarding safe air travel [337] [338] with 85 public airports operational as of 2014 [update] . [339] Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) serves the Greater Manila Area together with Clark International Airport . Philippine Airlines , Asia's oldest commercial airline still operating under its original name, and Cebu Pacific , the leading low-cost airline, are the major airlines serving most domestic and international destinations. [340] [341] [342] Expressways and highways are mostly located on the island of Luzon including the Pan-Philippine Highway , connecting the islands of Luzon , Samar , Leyte , and Mindanao , [343] [344] the North Luzon Expressway , South Luzon Expressway , and the Subic–Clark–Tarlac Expressway . [345] [346] [347] [348] [349] [350] A LRT-2 train at Santolan LRT Station . Rail transport in the Philippines only plays a role in transporting passengers within Metro Manila and the province of Laguna . The region is served by three rapid transit lines: LRT-1 , and LRT-2 and MRT-3 . [351] [352] [353] In the past, railways served major parts of Luzon, and railroad services were available on the islands of Cebu and Negros. Railways were also used for agricultural purposes, especially in tobacco and sugar cane production. Rail freight transportation was almost non-existent as of 2014 [update] . A few transportation systems are under development: DOST -MIRDC and UP are implementing pre-feasibility studies on Automated Guideway Transit. [354] [355] [356] A so-called Hybrid Electric Road Train which is a long bi-articulated bus , was also being tested as of 2015 [update] . [357] [358] [359] As an archipelago, inter-island travel using watercraft is often necessary. [360] The busiest seaports are Manila , Batangas , Subic , Cebu , Iloilo , Davao , Cagayan de Oro, and Zamboanga . [361] 2GO Travel and Sulpicio Lines serve Manila, with links to various cities and towns through passenger vessels. The 919-kilometer (571 mi) Strong Republic Nautical Highway (SRNH), an integrated set of highway segments and ferry routes covering 17 cities was established in 2003. [362] The Pasig River Ferry Service serves the major rivers in Metro Manila, including the Pasig River and Marikina River having numerous stops in Manila, Makati, Mandaluyong, Pasig and Marikina. [363] [364] Science and technology Main article: Science and technology in the Philippines An IRRI researcher studying rice DNA under ultraviolet light . The Philippines has pursued efforts to improve the field of science and technology. The Department of Science and Technology is the governing agency responsible for the development of coordination of science- and technology-related projects in the Philippines. [365] The National Scientist of the Philippines award is given to individuals that have contributed to different field of science in the country. Notable Filipino scientists include Maria Orosa , a food technologist famous for her formulated food products like calamansi nip, soyalac and the banana ketchup , [366] Fe del Mundo , a pediatrician whose pioneering work in pediatrics as an active medical practice spanned 8 decades, [367] Paulo Campos , a physician who was dubbed as ' The Father of Nuclear Medicine in the Philippines ' for his contributions in the field of nuclear medicine , [368] Ramon Barba , an inventor and horticulturist known for his method to induce more flowers in mango trees. [369] Research organizations include the International Rice Research Institute , an international independent research and training organization established in 1960 with headquarters in Los Baños, Laguna , [370] [371] focusing on the development of new rice varieties and rice crop management techniques to help farmers in the country improve their lives. [372] The Philippines bought its first satellite in 1996. [373] In 2016, the Philippines first micro-satellite , Diwata-1 was launched aboard the US Cygnus spacecraft. [374] Communications Main articles: Telecommunications in the Philippines , Internet in the Philippines , and Social networking in the Philippines The Philippines has a sophisticated cellular phone industry and a high concentration of users. Text messaging is a popular form of communication and, in 2007, the nation sent an average of one billion SMS messages per day. Over five million mobile phone users also use their phones as virtual wallets, making it a leader among developing nations in providing financial transactions over cellular networks. [375] [376] [377] The Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company commonly known as PLDT is the leading telecommunications provider. It is also the largest company in the country. [375] [378] The National Telecommunications Commission is the agency responsible for the supervision, adjudication and control over all telecommunications services throughout the country. [379] There are approximately 383 AM and 659 FM radio stations and 297 television and 873 cable television stations. [380] On March 29, 1994, the country went live on the Internet via a 64 kbit/s connection from a router serviced by PLDT to a Sprint router in California. [381] Estimates for Internet penetration in the Philippines vary widely ranging from a low of 2.5 million to a high of 24 million people. [382] [383] Social networking and watching videos are among the most frequent Internet activities. [384] Tourism Main article: Tourism in the Philippines Limestone cliffs of El Nido , Palawan. The travel and tourism sector is a major contributor to the economy , contributing 7.1% to the Philippine GDP in 2013 [385] and providing 1,226,500 jobs or 3.2 percent of total employment. [386] 2,433,428 international visitors arrived from January to June 2014 up by 2.22% in the same period in 2013. South Korea, China, and Japan accounted for 58.78% while the Americas accounted for 19.28% and Europe 10.64%. [387] The Department of Tourism has responsibility for the management and promotion of the tourism sector. The country's rich biodiversity is one of the main tourist attractions with its beaches, mountains, rainforests, islands and diving spots among the most popular tourist destinations. As an archipelago consisting of about 7,500 islands, the Philippines has numerous beaches, caves and other rock formations. Boracay has glaring white sand beaches and was named as the best island in the world by Travel + Leisure in 2012. [388] The Banaue Rice Terraces in Ifugao, the historic town of Vigan in Ilocos Sur , the Chocolate Hills in Bohol, Magellan's Cross in Cebu and the Tubbataha Reef in Visayas are other highlights. The Philippines is also one of the favorite retirement destinations for foreigners due to its warm climate all year round, beaches and low cost of living. [389] Water supply and sanitation Main article: Water supply and sanitation in the Philippines Ambuklao Dam in Bokod , Benguet . Among the achievements of the government in the Philippines are a high access to an improved water source of 92% in 2010. the creation of financially sustainable water service providers ('Water Districts') in small and medium towns with the continuous long-term support of a national agency (the 'Local Water Utilities Administration' LWUA). and the improvement of access, service quality and efficiency in Manila through two high-profle water concessions awarded in 1997. [390] The challenges include limited access to sanitation services, high pollution of water resources, often poor drinking water quality and poor service quality, a fragmentation of executive functions at the national level among numerous agencies, and a fragmentation of service provision at the local level into many small service providers. [390] In 2015 it was reported by the Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation by WHO and UNICEF that 74% of the population had access to improved sanitation and that 'good progress' had been made. [391] The access to improved sanitation was reported to be similar for the urban and rural population. [391] Demographics Main articles: Demographics of the Philippines , Filipinos , and Overseas Filipinos Population density per province as of 2009 [update] per square kilometer. The population of the Philippines increased from 1990 to 2008 by approximately 28 million, a 45% growth in that time frame. [392] The first official census in the Philippines was carried out in 1877 and recorded a population of 5,567,685. [393] It is estimated that half of the population resides on the island of Luzon. The 3.21% population growth rate between 1995 and 2000 decreased to an estimated 1.95% for the 2005–2010 period, but remains a contentious issue . [394] [395] The population's median age is 22.7 years with 60.9% aged from 15 to 64 years old. [6] Life expectancy at birth is 71.94 years, 75.03 years for females and 68.99 years for males. [396] Poverty Incidence significantly dropped to 21.6% in 2015 from 25.2% in 2012. [397] Since the liberalization of United States immigration laws in 1965, the number of people in the United States having Filipino ancestry has grown substantially. In 2007 there were an estimated [398] [399] 12 million Filipinos living overseas . [400] According to the official count the population of the Philippines hit 100 million at the time of midnight on July 27, 2014, making it the 12th country to reach this number. [401] The Philippine population will continue to increase throughout 2018 and is projected to reach around 107,190,081 by Dec. 31, 2018, based on projections made by the Commission on Population using the latest population census of 2015 (Philippine Statistics Authority). [402] Cities Main article: Cities of the Philippines Metro Manila is the most populous of the 3 defined metropolitan areas in the Philippines and the 11th most populous in the world. as of 2007 [update] , census data showed it had a population of 11,553,427, comprising 13% of the national population. [403] Including suburbs in the adjacent provinces ( Bulacan , Cavite , Laguna , and Rizal ) of Greater Manila , the population is around 21 million. [403] [404] Metro Manila's gross regional product was estimated as of 2009 [update] to be ₱ 468.4 billion (at constant 1985 prices) and accounts for 33% of the nation's GDP. [405] In 2011 Manila ranked as the 28th wealthiest urban agglomeration in the world and the 2nd in Southeast Asia . [406] v t e Largest cities in the Philippines PSA Census August 2015 Rank Name Region Pop. Rank Name Region Pop. Quezon City Manila 1 Quezon City National Capital Region 2,936,116 11 Parañaque National Capital Region 665,822 Davao City Caloocan 2 Manila National Capital Region 1,780,148 12 Dasmariñas Calabarzon 659,019 3 Davao City Davao Region 1,632,991 13 Valenzuela National Capital Region 620,422 4 Caloocan National Capital Region 1,583,978 14 Bacoor Calabarzon 600,609 5 Cebu City Central Visayas 922,611 15 General Santos Soccsksargen 594,446 6 Zamboanga City Zamboanga Peninsula 861,799 16 Las Piñas National Capital Region 588,894 7 Taguig National Capital Region 804,915 17 Makati National Capital Region 582,602 8 Antipolo Calabarzon 776,386 18 San Jose del Monte Central Luzon 574,089 9 Pasig National Capital Region 755,300 19 Bacolod Western Visayas 561,875 10 Cagayan de Oro Northern Mindanao 675,950 20 Muntinlupa National Capital Region 504,509 Ethnic groups Main article: Ethnic groups of the Philippines Dominant ethnic groups by province. According to the 2000 census, 28.1% of Filipinos are Tagalog, 13.1% Cebuano, 9% Ilocano, 7.6% Visayans/Bisaya (excluding Cebuano, Hiligaynon and Waray) , 7.5% Hiligaynon, 6% Bikol, 3.4% Waray, and 25.3% as 'others', [6] [407] which can be broken down further to yield more distinct non-tribal groups like the Moro , the Kapampangan , the Pangasinense , the Ibanag , and the Ivatan . [408] There are also indigenous peoples like the Igorot , the Lumad , the Mangyan , the Bajau , and the tribes of Palawan . [409] Filipinos generally belong to several Asian ethnic groups classified linguistically as part of the Austronesian or Malayo-Polynesian speaking people. [409] It is believed that thousands of years ago Austronesian-speaking Taiwanese aborigines migrated to the Philippines from Taiwan, bringing with them knowledge of agriculture and ocean-sailing, eventually displacing the earlier Negrito groups of the islands. [410] Negritos , such as the Aeta and the Ati , are considered among the earliest inhabitants of the islands. [411] Being at the crossroads of the West and East, the Philippines is also home to migrants from places as diverse as China, Spain, Mexico, United States, India, South Korea, and Japan. Two important non-indigenous minorities are the Chinese and the Spaniards . The Chinese , mostly descendants of immigrants from Fujian , China after 1898, number 2 million, although there are an estimated 27 percent of Filipinos who have partial Chinese ancestry, [412] [413] [414] stemming from precolonial and colonial Chinese migrants. [415] Intermarriage between the groups is evident in the major cities and urban areas. [416] At least one-third of the population of Luzon , as well as old settlements in the Visayas and Zamboanga City at Mindanao (around 13.33% of the Philippine population), have partial Hispanic ancestry (from varying points of origin and ranging from Latin America [417] to Spain). [418] Recent genetic studies confirm this partial European [419] [420] and Latin-American ancestry. [421] Other important non-indigenous minorities include Indians , Britons , and Japanese people . The descendants of mixed-race couples are known as mestizos . [422] [423] Languages Main article: Languages of the Philippines Population by mother tongue (2010) Language Speakers Tagalog 24.44   % 24.44 22,512,089 Cebuano 21.35   % 21.35 19,665,453 Ilokano 8.77   % 8.77 8,074,536 Hiligaynon 8.44   % 8.44 7,773,655 Waray 3.97   % 3.97 3,660,645 Other local languages/dialects 26.09   % 26.09 24,027,005 Other foreign languages/dialects 0.09   % 0.09 78,862 Not reported/not stated 0.01   % 0.01 6,450 TOTAL 92,097,978 Source: Philippine Statistics Authority [3] Ethnologue lists 186 individual languages in the Philippines, 182 of which are living languages, while 4 no longer have any known speakers. Most native languages are part of the Philippine branch of the Malayo-Polynesian languages , which is itself a branch of the Austronesian language family . [409] The only language not classified as an Austronesian language is Chavacano which is a creole language of Mexican-Spanish and is classified as a Romance language . [424] Filipino and English are the official languages of the country. [13] Filipino is a standardized version of Tagalog , spoken mainly in Metro Manila and other urban regions. Both Filipino and English are used in government, education, print, broadcast media, and business. In most towns, the local indigenous language is spoken. The Philippine constitution provides for the promotion of Spanish and Arabic on a voluntary and optional basis, although neither are used on as wide a scale as in the past. [13] Spanish, which was widely used as a lingua franca in the late nineteenth century, has since declined greatly in use, but is experiencing a revival due to government promotion, while Arabic is mainly used in Islamic schools in Mindanao. [425] However, Spanish loanwords are still present today in many of the indigenous Philippine languages. [426] Nineteen regional languages act as auxiliary official languages used as mediums of instruction: Aklanon , Bikol , Cebuano , Chavacano , Hiligaynon , Ibanag , Ilocano , Ivatan , Kapampangan , Kinaray-a , Maguindanao , Maranao , Pangasinan , Sambal , Surigaonon , Tagalog, Tausug , Waray , and Yakan . [2] Other indigenous languages such as, Cuyonon , Ifugao , Itbayat , Kalinga , Kamayo , Kankanaey , Masbateño , Romblomanon , Malay , and several Visayan languages are prevalent in their respective provinces. [427] Languages not indigenous to the islands are also taught in select schools. Mandarin is used in Chinese schools catering to the Chinese Filipino community. Islamic schools in Mindanao teach Modern Standard Arabic in their curriculum. [428] French , German , Japanese , Korean , and Spanish are taught with the help of foreign linguistic institutions. [429] The Department of Education began teaching the Malay languages of Indonesian and Malaysian in 2013. [430] Religion Main article: Religion in the Philippines Religion in the Philippines (2010 census) religion percent Catholic   80.58% Protestant   10.80% Muslim   5.57% Other, irreligious or unanswered   3.05% The Philippines is an officially secular state , although Christianity is the dominant faith. [431] Census data from 2010 found that about 80.58% of the population professed Catholicism . [4] Around 37% regularly attend Mass and 29% identify as very religious. [432] [433] Protestants are 10.8% [434] [435] of the total population, mostly endorsing evangelical Protestant denominations that were introduced by American missionaries at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, they are heavily concentrated in Northern Luzon and Southern Mindanao. [436] [437] The Philippine Independent Church is a notable independent Catholic denomination. [438] [439] [440] Iglesia ni Cristo is a notable Unitarian and Restorationist denomination in the country and are mostly concentrated at Central Luzon. [441] [442] Islam is the second largest religion. The Muslim population of the Philippines was reported as 5.57% of the total population according to census returns in 2010, [4] although a 2012 report by the National Commission on Muslim Filipinos estimates it at 11%. [443] The majority of Muslims live in the Bangsamoro region . [444] [445] [446] [447] Most practice Sunni Islam under the Shafi'i school . [448] [449] An unknown number of Filipinos are irreligious , but they may form as much as 20% of the population. [450] [451] [452] Catholicism's historic dominance is steadily declining, with about 9% of adherents considering leaving their church. [453] An estimated 2% of the total population practice Philippine traditional religions , whose practices and folk beliefs are often syncretized with Christianity and Islam. [442] [454] Buddhism is practiced by around 2% of the population, and is concentrated among Filipinos of Chinese descent. [442] [448] [454] The remaining population is divided between a number of religious groups, including Hindus , Jews , and Baha'is . [455] Health Main article: Health in the Philippines The façade of the Bonifacio Global City branch of St. Luke's Medical Center There are an increasing number of private health providers and, as of 2009 [update] , 67.1% of healthcare came from private expenditures while 32.9% was from government. In 2013, total expenditures on the health sector was 3.8% of GDP, below the WHO target of 5%. [456] Health expenditure represented about 6.1% of total government spending. Per capita total expenditure at average exchange rate was USD52. [457] The budget allocation for Healthcare in 2010 was ₱28 billion (about USD597 million) or ₱310 ($7) per person [458] but had an increase in budget in 2014 with a record high in the collection of taxes from the House Bill 5727 (commonly known as Sin tax Bill). [459] There are an estimated 90,370 physicians or 1 per every 833 people, 480,910 nurses, 43,220 dentists, and 1 hospital bed per every 769 people. [457] Retention of skilled practitioners is a problem. 70% of nursing graduates go overseas to work. The Philippines is the biggest supplier of nurses for export. [460] In 2001 there were about 1,700 hospitals , of which about 40% were government-run and 60% private. Cardiovascular diseases account for more than 25% of all deaths. According to official estimates, 1,965 cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) were reported in 2003, of which 636 had developed acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Despite the increase of HIV/AIDS cases from 12,000 in 2005 [461] to 17,450 as of April 2014 with 5,965 people who were under anti-retroviral therapy, [462] the country is still a low-HIV-prevalence country with less than 0.1% of the adult population estimated to be HIV-positive. [463] Education Main article: Education in the Philippines The University of Santo Tomas , established in 1611, has the oldest extant university charter in Asia. The Philippines has a simple literacy rate of 95.6%, with 95.1% for males and 96.1% for females. The Philippines had a functional literacy rate of 86.45%, with 84.2% for males and 88.7% for females in 2008. [464] [465] Spending on education accounted for 16.11% in the national budget proposed for 2015. [466] [467] The Commission on Higher Education (CHED) lists 2,180 higher education institutions, 607 of which are public and 1,573 private. [468] Classes start in June and end in March. The majority of colleges and universities follow a semester calendar from June to October and November to March. There are a number of foreign schools with study programs. [220] A 6-year elementary and 4-year high school education is mandatory [469] with an additional two years being added in 2013. [470] [471] Several government agencies are involved with education. The Department of Education covers elementary, secondary, and non-formal education. The Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) administers post-secondary, middle-level education training and development. The Commission on Higher Education (CHED) supervises college and graduate academic programs and degrees as well as regulates standards in higher education. [472] In 2004, madaris were mainstreamed in 16 regions nationwide, mainly in Muslim areas in Mindanao under the auspices and program of the Department of Education. [473] Public universities are all non-sectarian entities, and are further classified as State Universities and Colleges (SUC) or Local Colleges and Universities (LCU). [468] The University of the Philippines , a system of eight (8) constituent universities, is the national university system of the Philippines. [474] Culture Main articles: Festivals of the Philippines and Culture of the Philippines A participant of the Ati-Atihan Festival . Philippine culture is a combination of Eastern and Western cultures . The Philippines exhibits aspects found in other Asian countries with a Malay [475] heritage, yet its culture also displays a significant number of Spanish and American influences. Traditional festivities known as barrio fiestas (district festivals) to commemorate the feast days of patron saints are common, these community celebrations are times for feasting, music, and dancing. The Ati-Atihan , Moriones and Sinulog festivals are a couple of the most well-known. Some traditions, however, are changing or gradually being forgotten due to modernization. The Bayanihan Philippine National Folk Dance Company has been lauded for preserving many of the various traditional folk dances found throughout the Philippines. They are famed for their iconic performances of Philippine dances such as the tinikling and singkil that both feature clashing bamboo poles. [476] One of the most visible Hispanic legacies is the prevalence of Spanish names and surnames among Filipinos. a Spanish name and surname, however, does not necessarily denote Spanish ancestry. This peculiarity, unique among the people of Asia, came as a result of a colonial edict by Governor-General Narciso Clavería y Zaldua , which ordered the systematic distribution of family names and implementation of Hispanic nomenclature on the population. [477] The names of many streets, towns, and provinces are also in Spanish. The common use of the English language is an example of the American impact on Philippine society. It has contributed to the ready acceptance and influence of American pop cultural trends. This affinity is seen in Filipinos' love of fast food and American film and music. Fast food outlets are found on many street corners. American global fast food chain stalwarts have entered the market, but local fast food chains like Goldilocks and most notably Jollibee , the leading fast food chain in the country, have emerged and compete successfully against their foreign rivals. [478] [479] Architecture Main article: Architecture of the Philippines Colonial houses in Vigan . Spanish architecture has left an imprint in the Philippines in the way many towns were designed around a central square or plaza mayor , but many of the buildings bearing its influence were demolished during World War II. [57] Some examples remain, mainly among the country's churches, government buildings, and universities. Four Philippine baroque churches are included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites : the San Agustín Church in Manila, Paoay Church in Ilocos Norte , Nuestra Señora de la Asunción (Santa María) Church in Ilocos Sur , and Santo Tomás de Villanueva Church in Iloilo . [480] Vigan in Ilocos Sur is also known for the many Hispanic-style houses and buildings preserved there. [481] The American occupation in 1898 introduced a new breed of architectural structures in the Philippines. This led to the construction of government buildings and Art Deco theaters. During the American period, some semblance of city planning using the architectural designs and master plans by Daniel Burnham was done on the portions of the city of Manila . Part of the Burnham's plan was the construction of government buildings that resembled Greek or Neoclassical architecture . [482] In Iloilo , a lot of the colonial edifices constructed during the American occupation in the country can still be seen. Commercial buildings, houses and churches in that era are abundant in the city and especially in Calle Real . [483] However, certain areas of the country like Batanes have slight differences as both Spanish and Filipino ways of architecture assimilated differently due to the climate. Limestones and coral were used as building materials. [484] Idjangs or Ivatan castles were the primary shelter of the people prior to the Spanish conquest of the whole Philippines. [485] Music Main articles: Music of the Philippines and Original Pilipino Music Percussion instruments that make up the Philippine kulintang ensemble, an example of pre-Hispanic musical tradition Philippine music has evolved rapidly due to the different influences stemming from colonialism under other countries. Before the Spanish conquest of the islands, most music was reminiscent of, or heavily influenced by, nature. Some examples of this tribal music is Koyu No Tebulul of the T'boli and Ambo Hato of the Ifugao . This genre is often accompanied by gong music and one well known instrument is the Kulintang . During the Spanish era Rondalya music, where traditional string orchestra mandolin type instruments were used, was widespread. In the Philippines, Rondalya refers to any group of stringed instruments that are played using a plectrum or pick. Filipino instruments are made from indigenous Philippine wood. plectrums, or picks, are made from tortoise-shell. Other stringed instruments composing the standard Filipino rondalla are the 14-string bandurria found only in the Philippines, the laúd, the octavina, the Twelve-string guitar, the Ukulele, the bajo de uñas or double bass, the Guitarrón mexicano, and other Filipino-made instruments modeled and developed after the guitar. Harana and Kundiman are prevalent during this time wherein these songs are often used in courtship rituals. [486] Marcelo Adonay (organist), Simplicio Solis (organist), Diego C. Perez (pianist), Jose Conseco (pianist) and Doña Dolores Paterno (composer) were some of the recognized musicians in this era. Nowadays, American pop culture has a heavy hold on the Filipinos that evolved from the Spanish times when the American occupation happened. Along with Korean pop, these two are dominating the recent music scene in media. [487] [488] However, the revival of Spanish-influence folk music has been possible thanks to the different choir groups coming in and going out of the country, such as the Philippine Madrigal Singers . [489] Dance Main article: Philippine dance Tinikling dancers. Just like the evolution of Philippine music, dance as well has been in constant change. Prior to colonial rule, the Philippines has a wide array of ethnic dances from different tribal groups. This is due mainly to the fact that Philippines is an archipelago thus the different varieties of dance developed. Both Luzon and Visayas, at first, were more akin to tribal movements until the Spanish came. Mindanao represents more of an array of Muslim inspired dances and Spanish influence was minimal in the region of Zamboanga . Universal dances in the Philippines are found at societal functions such as rituals, mimicry, life cycle and parties. During the Spanish era, most dances are accompanied by Rondalya music usually with 14-string bandurrias that the Filipinos invented or by other type of stringed instruments that locally evolved in to the culture as well. One famous dance that is well known is called the Tinikling , where a band of Rondalya musicians play along with the percussive beat of the two bamboo poles. It usually starts with men and women acting a scene about 'How rural townsfolk mingle'. The dancers then graze thru the clashing of the bamboo poles held on opposite sides. The end displays the paired bamboo poles crossing each other. The Muslim version of this where bamboo poles are also used is called the Singkil . [490] Nowadays, in the Modern and Post-Modern time periods, dances vary from the delicate ballet up to the more street-oriented styles of breakdancing to name a few. [491] Visual art Main article: Art of the Philippines The Spoliarium (1884) by Juan Luna . Pottery and weaving are among the very first art forms showcasing Filipino artistic design and are evident from cave dwellings all over the country. Among these are mostly anthropomorphic earthenware jars dating from c. 5 BC to 225 AD. Weaving was mostly done by women, using fibers from abaca, pineapple, cotton, and bark to make clothes, rugs and hats. Baskets were mostly utilized to carry grain and other foods. [492] [493] Early Philippine sculpture is characterized by frontal nudity. One of the earliest forms are the bulols by the Ifugao people which serve as an assurance for bountiful harvests. The original function of these sculptures are related to the ceremonies and beliefs of the tribes who created them. Arab and Russian missionaries also brought beveled type of carvings in the form of Okkil . The beginnings of this sculpture type started with the Islamization of Sulu . The Spanish colonization of the country did not hinder Filipinos creating sculptures for objects of adoration. During this time, sculptures of deities and saints were used to teach Filipinos Christian doctrines. During the American colonialism, worshippers of faith were not discouraged to sculpt in order to adorn churches. Filipinos' first exposure to painting happened when Spain conquered the Philippines and these were used as religious propaganda often displayed in churches. However, as education progressed and wealth increased, more and more artists started to shift from the traditional religious motifs to a more secular pattern of imagery. [494] Paintings of early modernist painters such as Damián Domingo often still had a religious association but the art of Juan Luna and Félix Hidalgo showed a trend towards political statement. The first Philippine national artist Fernando Amorsolo used post-modernism to produce paintings that illustrated aspects of Philippine culture, while other artists such as Fernando Zóbel used both realistic and abstract techniques. In the modern period, the integration of architecture in the Art Deco style happened. Many of these examples can be seen in statues all over the country especially in public parks and spaces. [495] Values Further information: Filipino values As a general description, the distinct value system of Filipinos is rooted primarily in personal alliance systems, especially those based in kinship, obligation, friendship, religion (particularly Christianity ), and commercial relationships. [496] Filipino values are, for the most part, centered around maintaining social harmony, motivated primarily by the desire to be accepted within a group. [497] The main sanction against diverging from these values are the concepts of ' Hiya ', roughly translated as 'a sense of shame', and ' Amor propio ' or 'self-esteem'. [497] Social approval, acceptance by a group, and belonging to a group are major concerns. Caring about what others will think, say or do, are strong influences on social behavior among Filipinos. [498] Other elements of the Filipino value system are optimism about the future, pessimism about present situations and events, concern and care for other people, the existence of friendship and friendliness, the habit of being hospitable, religious nature, respectfulness to self and others, respect for the female members of society, the fear of God, and abhorrence of acts of cheating and thievery. [499] Cuisine Main article: Filipino cuisine Left-to-right: Lumpia , Adobo , Halo-halo and Sisig . Filipino cuisine has evolved over several centuries from its Malayo-Polynesian origins to become a mixed cuisine with many Hispanic , Chinese , American , and other Asian influences that have been adapted to local ingredients and the Filipino palate to create distinctively Filipino dishes. Dishes range from the very simple, like a meal of fried salted fish and rice, to the elaborate, such as the paellas and cocidos created for fiestas. [479] [500] Popular dishes include lechón , adobo , sinigang , kare-kare , tapa , crispy pata , pancit , lumpia , and halo-halo . Some common local ingredients used in cooking are calamansi , coconuts, saba (a kind of short wide plantain ), mangoes , ube , milkfish , and fish sauce . Filipino taste buds tend to favor robust flavors, but the cuisine is not as spicy as those of its neighbors. [479] [500] Unlike many of their Asian counterparts, Filipinos do not eat with chopsticks. they use Western cutlery. However, possibly due to rice being the primary staple food and the popularity of a large number of stews and main dishes with broth in Filipino cuisine, the main pairing of utensils seen at the Filipino dining table is that of spoon and fork, not knife and fork. [501] The traditional way of eating with the hands known as kamayan (using the washed right hand for bringing food to the mouth) [502] was previously more often seen in the less urbanized areas. [503] However, due to the various Filipino restaurants that introduced Filipino food to people of other nationalities as well as to Filipino urbanites, kamayan fast became popular. This recent trend also sometimes incorporates the 'Boodle Fight' concept (as popularized and coined by the Philippine Army), wherein banana leaves are used as giant plates on top of which rice portions and Filipino viands are placed all together for a filial, friendly and/or communal kamayan feasting. [504] Literature Main articles: Philippine literature , Philippine mythology , and Deities of Philippine mythology José Rizal is a pioneer of Philippine Revolution through his literary works. Philippine mythology has been handed down primarily through the traditional oral folk literature of the Filipino people. While each unique ethnic group has its own stories and myths to tell, Hindu and Spanish influences can nonetheless be detected in many cases. Philippine mythology mostly consists of creation stories or stories about supernatural creatures, such as the aswang , the manananggal , the diwata / engkanto , and nature. Some popular figures from Philippine mythologies are Maria Makiling , Lam-Ang , and the Sarimanok . [505] Philippine literature comprises works usually written in Filipino, Spanish, or English. Some of the most known were created from the 17th to 19th century. Adarna , for example, is a famous epic about an eponymous magical bird allegedly written by José de la Cruz or 'Huseng Sisiw'. [506] Francisco Balagtas , the poet and playwright who wrote Florante at Laura , is recognized as a preeminent writer in the Filipino language. José Rizal wrote the novels Noli Me Tángere ( Touch Me Not ) and El Filibusterismo ( The Filibustering , also known as The Reign of Greed ). He is considered a national hero. [507] His depiction of the injustices of Spanish rule, and his death by firing squad, inspired other Filipino revolutionaries to seek independence. [508] Several Filipino writers were awarded National Artist of the Philippines such as N. V. M. Gonzalez , Amado V. Hernandez , Francisco Arcellana , Nick Joaquín , F. Sionil José and many more. Media Main articles: Television in the Philippines , Radio in the Philippines , and Philippine drama Philippine media uses mainly Filipino and English. Other Philippine languages, including various Visayan languages are also used, especially in radio due to its ability to reach remote rural locations that might otherwise not be serviced by other kinds of media. The dominant television networks ABS-CBN , GMA and TV5 also have extensive radio presence. [509] The entertainment industry is vibrant and feeds broadsheets and tabloids with an unending supply of details about celebrities and sensationalist daily scandals. Drama and fantasy shows are anticipated as are Latin telenovelas , Asianovelas , and anime . Daytime television is dominated by game shows, variety shows, and talk shows such as Eat Bulaga and It's Showtime . [510] Philippine cinema has a long history and is popular domestically, but has faced increasing competition from American , Asian and European films . Critically acclaimed directors and actors include Lino Brocka and Nora Aunor for films like Maynila: Sa mga Kuko ng Liwanag ( Manila: In the Claws of Light ) and Himala ( Miracle ). [511] [512] [513] [514] In recent years it has become common to see celebrities flitting between television and movies and then moving into politics provoking concerns. [515] Cinema Main article: Cinema of the Philippines Brillante Mendoza is a prominent Filipino film director. Salón de Pertierra was the first introduced moving picture on January 1, 1897 in the Philippines. All films were all in Spanish since Philippine cinema was first introduced during the final years of the Spanish era of the country. Antonio Ramos was the first known movie producer. He used the Lumiere Cinematograph when he filmed Panorama de Manila (Manila landscape), Fiesta de Quiapo (Quiapo Fiesta), Puente de España (Bridge of Spain), and Escenas Callejeras (Street scenes). Meanwhile, Jose Nepomuceno was dubbed as the 'Father of Philippine Cinema'. [516] Dubbed as the 'Father of Philippine Cinema', his work marked the start of cinema as an art form in the Philippines. [517] His first film produced was entitled Dalagang Bukid (Country Maiden) in 1919. Film showing resumed in 1900 during the American period . Walgrah, a British entrepreneur, opened the Cine Walgrah at No. 60 Calle Santa Rosa in Intramuros . It was also during this time that a movie market was formally created in the country along with the arrival of silent movies. These silent films were always accompanied by gramophone, a piano, a quartet, or a 200-man choir. During the Japanese occupation , filmmaking was put on hold. Nonetheless, it was continued on 1930s up until 1945 replacing the Hollywood market with Japanese films but met with little success. Postwar 1940s and the 1950s were known as the first golden age of Philippine cinema with the resurgence of mostly Visayan films through Lapu-Lapu Pictures. During the 1960s, James Bond movies, bomba (soft porn) pictures and an era of musical films, produced mostly by Sampaguita Pictures, dominated the cinema. The second golden age occurred from 1970s to early 1980s. It was during this era that filmmakers ceased to produce pictures in black and white. A rise in Hollywood films dominated theater sales during the late 1980s until the 2000s. [518] The dawn of this era saw a dramatic decline of the mainstream Philippine movie industry. [519] In the year 2009, however, presence of box-office films in the Philippine Box Office has surged. The mid 2010s also saw broader commercial success of films produced by independent studios. [520] [521] Sports Main article: Sports in the Philippines A PBA game at the Smart Araneta Coliseum . Various sports and pastimes are popular in the Philippines including basketball , boxing , volleyball , football (soccer), American football , both codes of Rugby football , badminton , karate , taekwondo , billiards , ten-pin bowling , chess , and sipa . Motocross , cycling , and mountaineering are also becoming popular. Basketball is played at both amateur and professional levels and is considered to be the most popular sport in the Philippines. [522] [523] In 2010, Manny Pacquiao was named 'Fighter of the Decade' for the 2000s (decade) by the Boxing Writers Association of America (BWAA), World Boxing Council (WBC), and World Boxing Organization (WBO). [524] The national martial art and sport of the country is Arnis , Eskrima or Kali in some regions [525] The Philippines has participated in the Summer Olympic Games since 1924 and was the first country in Southeast Asia to compete and win a medal. [526] The country had competed in every Summer Olympic Games since then, except when they participated in the American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics . [527] The Philippines is also the first tropical nation to compete at the Winter Olympic Games debuting in the 1972 edition. [528] Games Sabong or Cock Derby Traditional Philippine games such as luksung baka , patintero , piko , and tumbang preso are still played primarily as children's games among the youth. [529] [530] Sungka is a traditional native Philippine board game. Card games are popular during festivities, with some, including pusoy and tong-its , being used as a form of illegal gambling . Mahjong is played in some Philippine communities. Sabong or cockfighting is another popular entertainment especially among Filipino men, and existed prior to the arrival of the Spanish. Antonio Pigafetta , Magellan's chronicler, first documented this pastime in the kingdom of Taytay. [531] [532] The yo-yo , a popular toy in the Philippines, was introduced in its modern form by Pedro Flores with its name coming from the Ilocano language . [533] See also List of sovereign state leaders in the Philippines Outline of the Philippines Culture of the Philippines Philippines portal Asia portal Notes ^ In the recognized regional languages of the Philippines : Aklan : Republika it Pilipinas Bikol : Republika kan Filipinas Cebuano : Republika sa Pilipinas Chavacano : República de Filipinas Hiligaynon : Republika sang Filipinas Ibanag : Republika nat Filipinas Ilokano : Republika ti Filipinas Ivatan : Republika nu Filipinas Kapampangan : Republika ning Filipinas Kinaray-a : Republika kang Pilipinas Maranao : Republika san Pilipinas Pangasinan : Republika na Filipinas Sambal : Republika nin Pilipinas Surigaonon : Republika nan Pilipinas Tausug : Republika sin Pilipinas Waray : Republika han Pilipinas In the recognized optional languages of the Philippines: Spanish : República de Filipinas Arabic : جمهورية الفلبين ‎, translit. Jumhuriat al-Falabin References Citations ^ 'Republic act no. 8491' . Republic of the Philippines. 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Retrieved April 28, 2012 . ^ Commission on Higher Education The Commission on Higher Education is the governing body covering both public and private higher education institutions as well as degree-granting programs in all tertiary educational institutions in the Philippines. The CHED was established on May 18, 1994 through Republic Act 7722 or the Higher Education Act. ^ Jerry E. Esplanada (July 20, 2009). 'Mainstreaming Madrasa' . The Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on July 24, 2014 . Retrieved September 23, 2014 . ^ Republic of the Philippines. (Approved: April 29, 2008). Republic Act 9500 – An Act to Strengthen the University of the Philippines as the National University . Chan Robles Law Library. ^ Baringer, Sally E. [c. 2006]. 'The Philippines' . In Countries and Their Cultures . Advameg Inc. Retrieved December 20, 2009 from www.everyculture.com. ^ Rowthorn, Chris & Greg Bloom (2006). Philippines (9th ed.). Lonely Planet . p. 44. ISBN 1-74104-289-5 . ^ Dumont, Jean-Paul (1992). Visayan Vignettes: Ethnographic Traces of a Philippine Island . Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 160–162. ISBN 0-226-16954-5 . ^ 'The Jollibee Phenomenon' . Jollibee Inc. Archived from the original on June 23, 2007 . Retrieved January 9, 2008 . ^ a b c Conde, Carlos H. (May 31, 2005). 'Jollibee stings McDonald's in Philippines' . The New York Times . Retrieved January 5, 2010 . ^ United Nations Educational. Scientific and Cultural Organization (2010). 'Baroque Churches of the Philippines' . UNESCO World Heritage Centre . Retrieved January 12, 2010 . ^ Rowthorn, Chris & Greg Bloom (2006). Philippines (9th ed.). Lonely Planet . p. 145. ISBN 1-74104-289-5 . ^ 'History of Philippine Architecture' . National Commission for Culture and the Arts . Retrieved 8 September 2016 . ^ 'The Official Iloilo Province Webpage' . oocities.org . ^ Datar, Francisco A. (April 19, 2015). 'The Batanes Islands' . National Commission for Culture and the Arts. Archived from the original on April 19, 2015. ^ '15 Most Intense Archaeological Discoveries in Philippine History' . FilipiKnow . ^ Anupol. Cayabyab. Chua. Luarca. Shimamoto. Torio. Yumol (June 20, 2015). 'PHILIPPINE MUSIC' (PDF) . Balikbayan family-union – AboutPhilippines. [ dead link ] ^ Alyssa Kristin Cruz. 'Reason Behind the Rising Popularity of K-Pop in the Philippines' . academia.edu . ^ Baes, Jonas (July 25, 2014). 'Popular Music in the Philippines' . National Commission for Culture and the Arts. Archived from the original on July 24, 2014. ^ 'Choirs around the world take on Filipino classics' . Rappler . ^ Marcus Felix. 'Strings of Unity' . stringsofunity.com . Retrieved December 17, 2015 . ^ Villacruz, Basilio Esteban S. (July 24, 2014). 'Philippine Dance in the American Period' . National Commission for Culture and the Arts. Archived from the original on July 24, 2014. ^ Trish Sotto. 'Fa 28 weaving history' . Slideshare.net . 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The Council for Research in Values and Philosophy (RVP), The Catholic University of America . Archived from the original on April 17, 2016. File dated April 8, 2000. In Dy, Manuel B., Jr., ed. (March 10, 1994). Values in Philippine Culture and Education (Philippine Philosophical Studies, Series III, Volume 7) . Cultural heritage and contemporary change. Council for Research in Values and Philosophy. ISBN 1-56518-040-2 . CS1 maint: Multiple names: editors list ( link ) ^ a b Zialcita, Fernando Nakpil (2005). Authentic Though not Exotic: Essays on Filipino Identity . Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. p. 281. ISBN 971-550-479-5 . ^ Rowthorn, Chris & Greg Bloom (2006). Philippines (9th ed.). Lonely Planet . p. 48. ISBN 1-74104-289-5 . ^ 'Filipino Eating Etiquette, Kamayan Style: the proper way to eat with your hands' . traveldeepandwide.com. ^ Zibart, Eve. (2001). The Ethnic Food Lover's Companion: Understanding the Cuisines of the World . Menasha Ridge Press. p. 277. ISBN 0-89732-372-6 . ^ Captain A's Seafood Grill In Philippine usage, the boodle fight is a military academy terminology for 'eating combat' or 'attack the food.' ^ Lopez, Mellie Leandicho (2006). A Handbook of Philippine Folklore . University of the Philippines Press. ISBN 971-542-514-3 . ^ 'Ibong Adarna in the year 2014' . philstar.com . ^ Zaide, Gregorio and Sonia (1999). Jose Rizal: Life, Works, and Writings of a Genius, Writer, Scientist and National Hero . Quezon City: All Nations publishing Co. Inc. ISBN 971-642-070-6 . Archived from the original on September 23, 2013. ^ Republic of the Philippines. National Commission for Culture and the Arts. The National Artists of the Philippines . Retrieved December 26, 2009 from the National Commission for Culture and the Arts Website. ^ Country profile: The Philippines . (December 8, 2009). BBC News . Retrieved December 20, 2009. ^ Santiago, Erwin (April 12, 2010). 'AGB Mega Manila TV Ratings (April 7–11): Agua Bendita pulls away' . Archived from the original on June 23, 2011 . Retrieved 2017-06-12 . CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown ( link ) . Retrieved May 23, 2010 from the Philippine Entertainment Portal Website. ^ 'Restoring Himala' . Philippine Daily Inquirer . August 5, 2012 . Retrieved October 29, 2012 . ^ 'May Himala! Restored film proves real global classic' . Yahoo! . August 16, 2012. Archived from the original on August 20, 2012 . Retrieved October 29, 2012 . ^ 'Restored version of Himala will premiere at the 69th Venice Film Festival' . pep.ph. August 13, 2012 . Retrieved September 21, 2014 . ^ 'Cannes Classics 2013 line-up unveiled' . Screen Daily . Retrieved April 30, 2013 . ^ 'The Philippines' celebrity-obsessed elections' . (April 26, 2007). The Economist . Retrieved January 15, 2010. ^ 'The Role of José Nepomuceno in the Philippine Society: What language did his silent film speaks?' . Stockholm University Publications. Retrieved on 2011-01-06. ^ Armes, Roy. 'Third World Film Making and the West' , p.152. University of California Press, 1987. Retrieved on 2011-01-09. ^ A bleak storyline for the Filipino film industry . Conde, Carlos H. International Herald Tribune . February 11, 2007. (archived from the original on 2007-04-01) ^ RP Movie Industry Dying Archived February 14, 2009, at the Wayback Machine .. Vanzi, Sol Jose. Newsflash . January 15, 2006. ^ News, ABS-CBN. ' ' Tadhana' is top grossing local indie film of all time' . ^ News, ABS-CBN. 'Angelica calls out fans on 'Tadhana' piracy' . ^ 'Billiard Congress of America: Hall of Fame Inductees' . (2009). Retrieved December 20, 2009 from the Billiard Congress of America Website. ^ Mga Kilalang Pilipino [Known Filipinos]. (n.d.) (in Filipino). Tagalog at NIU . Retrieved April 25, 2010 from the Northern Illinois University, Center for Southeast Asian Studies, SEAsite Project. ^ Himmer, Alastair (June 5, 2010). 'Pacquiao named fighter of the decade' . Reuters . ^ Republic of the Philippines. (Approved: December 11, 2009). An Act Declaring Arnis as the National Martial Art and Sport of the Philippines. Retrieved February 18, 2010 from the Senate of the Philippines Website. ^ 'The Games of the VIII Olympiad: Official Report (part 1, page 91)' (PDF) . la84foundation.org (in French). French Olympic Committee. July 28, 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 5, 2011 . Retrieved July 28, 2012 . ^ Smothers, Ronald (July 19, 1996). 'OLYMPICS.Bitterness Lingering Over Carter's Boycott' . The New York Times . ^ The Official Report of XIth Winter Olympic Games, Sapporo 1972 (PDF) . The Organizing Committee for the Sapporo Olympic Winter Games. 1973. pp. 32, 145, 447 . Retrieved January 31, 2008 . ^ Mga Larong Kinagisnan at the Wayback Machine (archived November 6, 2007) [Games One Grows Up With]. Hagonoy.com. (archived from the original on November 6, 2007) ^ Mga Larong Pilipino [Philippine Games]. (2009). Tagalog at NIU . Retrieved December 19, 2009 from the Northern Illinois University, Center for Southeast Asian Studies, SEAsite Project. (archived from the original Archived August 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine . on June 28, 2014) ^ Dundes, Alan (1994). The Cockfight: A Casebook . Univ of Wisconsin Press. pp. 136–137 . ISBN 978-0-299-14054-0 . ^ 'Sabong: An Enduring Hallmark of Philippines History' . Top Destination Choice The Philippines.com . ^ Yo-yo . (2010). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Retrieved January 10, 2010. Bibliography Agoncillo, Teodoro A. (1990). History of the Filipino People (8th ed.). Garotech Publishing. ISBN 9718711066 . Armes, Roy (1987). Third World Film Making and the West . University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-90801-7 . Chandler, David P.. Steinberg, David Joel (1987). In Search of Southeast Asia: A Modern History (revised 2nd ed.). University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0-8248-1110-0 . De Borja, Marciano R. (2005). Basques in the Philippines . University of Nevada Press. ISBN 0-87417-590-9 . Dumont, Jean-Paul (1992). Visayan Vignettes: Ethnographic Traces of a Philippine Island . Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-16954-5 . Fox, Robert B. (1970). The Tabon Caves: Archaeological Explorations and Excavations on Palawan . National Museum. ASIN B001O7GGNI. Friis, Herman Ralph, ed. (1967). The Pacific Basin: A History of Its Geographical Exploration . American Geographical Society. Go, Julian. Foster, Anne L. (2003). The American Colonial State in the Philippines: Global Perspectives . Duke University Press. ISBN 0-8223-3099-7 . Halili, Maria Christine N. (2004). Philippine History . Rex Bookstore. ISBN 9712339343 . Hirahara, Naomi (2003). Distinguished Asian American Business Leaders . Greenwood Publishing. ISBN 1-57356-344-7 . Kurlansky, Mark (1999). The Basque History of the World . Nueva York: Walker & Company. ISBN 0-8027-1349-1 . McAmis, Robert Day (2002). Malay Muslims: The History and Challenge of Resurgent Islam in Southeast Asia . Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. ISBN 0-8028-4945-8 . Munoz, Paul Michel (2006). Early Kingdoms of the Indonesian Archipelago and the Malay Peninsula . Singapore: Editions Didier Millet. ISBN 9814155675 . Osborne, Milton E. (2004). Southeast Asia: An Introductory History (9th ed.). Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-74114-448-5 . Oxford Business Group (2009). The Report: Philippines 2009 . Oxford Business Group. ISBN 1-902339-12-6 . Price, Michael G. (2002). America at War: the Philippines, 1898–1913 . Westport, CT: Greenwood. ISBN 0-275-96821-9 . Ring, Trudy. Salkin, Robert M.. La Boda, Sharon (1996). International Dictionary of Historic Places: Asia and Oceania . Taylor & Francis. ISBN 1-884964-04-4 . Rottman, Gordon L. (2002). World War 2 Pacific Island Guide – A Geo-Military Study . Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-31395-4 . Rowthorn, Chris. Bloom, Greg (2006). Philippines (9th ed.). Lonely Planet. ISBN 1-74104-289-5 . Scott, William Henry (1984). Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History . Quezon City: New Day Publishers. ISBN 9711002272 . Scott, William Henry (1994). Barangay: Sixteenth-century Philippine Culture and Society . Ateneo de Manila University Press. ISBN 9715501354 . Solheim, Wilhelm G., II (2006). Archeology and Culture in Southeast Asia . University of the Philippines Press. ISBN 9789715425087 . Spate, Oskar H. K. (1979). 'Magellan's Successors: Loaysa to Urdaneta. Two failures: Grijalva and Villalobos'. The Spanish Lake – The Pacific since Magellan . I . Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0-7099-0049-X . Tarling, Nicholas (1999). 'Part Two – From c. 1500 to c. 1800'. The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia . 1 . Cambridge, RU: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-66370-9 . Tarling, Nicholas (2000). 'From World War II to the Present'. The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia . 4 . Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-66372-5 . Tople, Lily Rose R.. Nonan-Mercado, Detch P. (2002). Philippines . Marshall Cavendish. ISBN 0-7614-1475-4 . Ure, John (2008). Telecommunications Development in Asia . Hong Kong University Press. ISBN 9789622099036 . Zaide, Gregorio F. (1957). Philippine Political and Cultural History . Philippine Education Co. Zanini, Gianni (1999). Philippines: From Crisis to Opportunity : Country Assistance Review . World Bank Publications. ISBN 0-8213-4294-0 . Zialcita, Fernando Nakpil (2005). Authentic Though not Exotic: Essays on Filipino Identity . Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. ISBN 9715504795 . Zibart, Eve (2001). The Ethnic Food Lover's Companion: Understanding the Cuisines of the World . Menasha Ridge Press. ISBN 0-89732-372-6 . 'Philippines in Figures 2014' (PDF) . Philippine Statistics Authority . Retrieved November 16, 2014 . External links Find more about Philippines at Wikipedia's sister projects Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity Government Official website of the Republic of the Philippines (Official Gazette online) Official website of the Senate of the Philippines Official website of the House of Representatives of the Philippines Official website of the Supreme Court of the Philippines Official website of Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (Central Bank of the Philippines) Official website of the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) Official website of the Philippine National Police (PNP) Official website of the Department of Tourism The Philippines Online Tourism Guide Trade World Bank summary of trade statistics: Philippines General information Philippines profile from the BBC News Philippines at the Wayback Machine (archived May 21, 2011) at UCB Libraries GovPubs 'Philippines' . 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Officially the Republic of China, participates as ' Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu ', and 'Chinese Taipei' in short. 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Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF : 147665514 LCCN : n79058386 ISNI : 0000 0001 2180 0793 GND : 4045771-0 SUDOC : 026614421 BNF : cb11882802q (data) HDS : 3424 NDL : 00563248 BNE : XX1788318 Retrieved from ' https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Philippines&oldid=824077791 ' Categories : Philippines English-speaking countries and territories Former colonies in Asia Former Spanish colonies Island countries Maritime Southeast Asia Member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations Member states of the United Nations Republics Southeast Asian countries Spanish East Indies States and territories established in 1565 States and territories established in 1898 States and territories established in 1946 Volcanic arc islands Countries in Asia Hidden categories: Articles containing Aklan-language text Articles containing Bikol-language text Articles containing Cebuano-language text Articles containing Chavacano-language text Articles containing Hiligaynon-language text Articles containing Ibanag-language text Articles containing Ilokano-language text Articles containing Ivatan-language text Articles containing Kapampangan-language text Articles containing Kinaray-a-language text Articles containing Maranao-language text Articles containing Pangasinan-language text Articles containing Sambal-language text Articles containing Surigaonon-language text Articles containing Tausug-language text Articles containing Waray-language text Articles containing Spanish-language text Articles containing Arabic-language text Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list Articles containing Chinese-language text CS1 Portuguese-language sources (pt) All articles lacking reliable references Articles lacking reliable references from November 2014 CS1 maint: Unfit url Webarchive template webcite links All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from June 2016 CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown Articles with dead external links from February 2018 CS1 maint: Multiple names: editors list CS1 French-language sources (fr) Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages Coordinates on Wikidata Use mdy dates from May 2017 Use American English from August 2016 All Wikipedia articles written in American English Articles containing Filipino-language text Articles with hAudio microformats Articles including recorded pronunciations (English) Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2018 All articles containing potentially dated statements All pages needing factual verification Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2017 Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014 Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015 Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2014 Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009 Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2007 Articles with DMOZ links Wikipedia articles with VIAF identifiers Wikipedia articles with LCCN identifiers Wikipedia articles with ISNI identifiers Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers Wikipedia articles with BNF identifiers Good articles Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged in Talk Contributions Create account Log in Namespaces Article Talk Variants Views Read View source View history More Search Navigation Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikipedia store Interaction Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact page Tools What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Wikidata item Cite this page Print/export Create a book Download as PDF Printable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikinews Wikiquote Wikivoyage Languages Acèh Адыгэбзэ Afrikaans Alemannisch አማርኛ Ænglisc العربية Aragonés ܐܪܡܝܐ Armãneashti Arpetan অসমীয়া Asturianu Avañe'ẽ Azərbaycanca تۆرکجه বাংলা Bahasa Banjar Bân-lâm-gú Basa Banyumasan Башҡортса Беларуская Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎ भोजपुरी Bikol Central Български Boarisch བོད་ཡིག Bosanski Brezhoneg Буряад Català Чӑвашла Cebuano Čeština Chamoru Chavacano de Zamboanga ChiShona ChiTumbuka Cymraeg Dansk Davvisámegiella Deutsch ދިވެހިބަސް Diné bizaad Dolnoserbski Eesti Ελληνικά Español Esperanto Estremeñu Euskara فارسی Fiji Hindi Føroyskt Français Frysk Gaeilge Gaelg Gagauz Gàidhlig Galego 贛語 Gĩkũyũ ગુજરાતી गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni 客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî Хальмг 한국어 Hausa Hawaiʻi Հայերեն हिन्दी Hornjoserbsce Hrvatski Ido Ilokano বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী Bahasa Indonesia Interlingua Interlingue Iñupiak Ирон Íslenska Italiano עברית Basa Jawa Kalaallisut ಕನ್ನಡ Kapampangan Къарачай-малкъар ქართული Kaszëbsczi Қазақша Kernowek Kinyarwanda Kirundi Kiswahili Коми Kongo Kreyòl ayisyen Kurdî Кыргызча Кырык мары Ladino ລາວ لۊری شومالی Latina Latviešu Lëtzebuergesch Lietuvių Ligure Limburgs Lingála Livvinkarjala La .lojban. 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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category%3AFilipino_people_by_occupation
  Category:Filipino people by occupation - Wikipedia Help Category:Filipino people by occupation From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation , search Biography portal Philippines portal Wikimedia Commons has media related to People of the Philippines by occupation . Classification : Philippines : People : By occupation also: People : By occupation : Nationalities : Filipino Subcategories ... : Philippines : People : By occupation also: People : By occupation : Nationalities : Filipino Subcategories This category has the following 67 subcategories, out of 67 total. ► Filipino people by occupation and ethnic or national origin ‎ (1 C) ► Filipino people by occupation by province ‎ (85 C) - ► People from Metro Manila by occupation ‎ (8 C) . ► Filipino women by occupation ‎ (17 C, 2 P) * ► Lists of Filipino people by occupation ‎ (3 C, 10 P) ► Filipino politicians by occupation ‎ (2 C CACHE

Category:Filipino people by occupation - Wikipedia Help Category:Filipino people by occupation From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation , search Biography portal Philippines portal Wikimedia Commons has media related to People of the Philippines by occupation . Classification : Philippines : People : By occupation also: People : By occupation : Nationalities : Filipino Subcategories This category has the following 67 subcategories, out of 67 total. ► Filipino people by occupation and ethnic or national origin ‎ (1 C) ► Filipino people by occupation by province ‎ (85 C) - ► People from Metro Manila by occupation ‎ (8 C) . ► Filipino women by occupation ‎ (17 C, 2 P) * ► Lists of Filipino people by occupation ‎ (3 C, 10 P) ► Filipino politicians by occupation ‎ (2 C) + ► Filipino men by occupation ‎ (8 C) 0–9 ► 20th-century Filipino people by occupation ‎ (7 C) ► 21st-century Filipino people by occupation ‎ (5 C) A ► Filipino activists ‎ (9 C, 44 P) ► Filipino architects ‎ (3 C, 24 P) ► Filipino artisans ‎ (1 C, 1 P) ► Filipino artists ‎ (21 C, 64 P) B ► Filipino businesspeople ‎ (7 C, 153 P) C ► Filipino cardinals ‎ (8 P) ► Filipino chefs ‎ (1 C, 17 P) ► Filipino choreographers ‎ (5 P) ► Filipino civil servants ‎ (1 C, 23 P) ► Filipino consultants ‎ (1 C, 1 P) ► Filipino criminals ‎ (4 C, 2 P) D ► Filipino diplomats ‎ (3 C, 43 P) ► Filipino domestic workers ‎ (5 P) E ► Filipino editors ‎ (2 C, 9 P) ► Filipino educators ‎ (4 C, 148 P) ► Filipino engineers ‎ (1 C, 16 P) ► Filipino entertainers ‎ (6 C, 6 P) ► Filipino explorers ‎ (2 P) F ► Filipino farmers ‎ (5 P) ► Fictional Filipino people by occupation ‎ (2 C) ► Filipino founders ‎ (2 C) H ► Heads of state of the Philippines ‎ (2 C) ► Filipino people in health professions ‎ (7 C) I ► Filipino inventors ‎ (13 P) J ► Filipino jewellers ‎ (1 P) ► Filipino judges ‎ (3 C, 84 P) L ► Filipino law enforcement officials ‎ (3 C, 1 P) ► Filipino lawyers ‎ (4 C, 325 P) ► Filipino librarians ‎ (2 P) M ► Filipino make-up artists ‎ (2 P) ► Filipino marketing people ‎ (1 P) ► Filipino media people ‎ (8 C) ► Filipino migrant workers ‎ (7 P) ► Filipino military personnel ‎ (12 C, 78 P) ► Filipino missionaries ‎ (1 C) ► Filipino models ‎ (2 C) ► Filipino monks ‎ (1 C) ► Filipino music people ‎ (3 C) P ► Filipino philanthropists ‎ (21 P) ► Filipino philosophers ‎ (1 C, 1 P) ► Filipino police officers ‎ (1 C, 19 P) ► Filipino political people ‎ (8 C, 1 P) ► Filipino producers ‎ (2 C, 1 P) ► Filipino psychics ‎ (3 P) ► Filipino public relations people ‎ (3 C, 2 P) R ► Filipino rebels ‎ (2 C, 1 P) ► Filipino religious leaders ‎ (7 C, 50 P) S ► Filipino sailors ‎ (1 C, 1 P) ► Filipino scientists ‎ (8 C, 19 P) ► Filipino sex workers ‎ (1 C, 2 P) ► Filipino silversmiths ‎ (1 P) ► Filipino slaves ‎ (2 P) ► Filipino socialites ‎ (2 P) ► Filipino spies ‎ (1 P) ► Filipino sportspeople ‎ (19 C, 8 P) T ► Filipino theatre people ‎ (3 C, 2 P) V ► Filipino people in the video game industry ‎ (1 C) W ► Filipino writers ‎ (32 C, 221 P) Pages in category 'Filipino people by occupation' This category contains only the following page. This list may not reflect recent changes ( learn more ). F Filipino seamen Retrieved from ' https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Filipino_people_by_occupation&oldid=757393267 ' Categories : Filipino people Asian people by occupation People by nationality and occupation Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged in Talk Contributions Create account Log in Namespaces Category Talk Variants Views Read Edit View history More Search Navigation Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikipedia store Interaction Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact page Tools What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Wikidata item Print/export Create a book Download as PDF Printable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Languages العربية Cymraeg Deutsch Español Euskara فارسی 한국어 Ilokano Bahasa Indonesia ქართული Lëtzebuergesch Македонски 日本語 Norsk Polski Português Scots Simple English Slovenščina Српски / srpski Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски Svenska ไทย Türkçe Українська اردو Tiếng Việt 中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 30 December 2016, at 12:18. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License . additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy . Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view



http://prudenceliving.com
  Prudence Living - emergency preparedness, financial literacy, physical health, education, employment and livelihood PRUDENCE LIVING - PREPARING YOUR LIFE IN THE FUTURE Prudence is a virtue, the exercising of good judgment or wisdom in practical matters. Life Health Retirement Education Prudence is a virtue, the exercising of good judgment or wisdom in practical matters. Prudence (Lat. prudentia, contracted ... You Should Start Online Filipino Travel Agent Set Up Online Filipino Travel Agent In The Philippines An Online Filipino Travel Agent (OTA) specializes in offering planning sources and booking capabilities. An Online Filipino Travel Agent or OTA allows you to book flight tickets, holiday packages ... Inclusions to Online Filipino Travel Agent Package: 1. 1-Day Comprehensive Training Session 2. Access ... is Optional. Online Filipino Travel Agent Manila / Online Filipino Travel Agent Binondo / Online Filipino CACHE

Prudence Living - emergency preparedness, financial literacy, physical health, education, employment and livelihood PRUDENCE LIVING - PREPARING YOUR LIFE IN THE FUTURE Prudence is a virtue, the exercising of good judgment or wisdom in practical matters. Life Health Retirement Education Prudence is a virtue, the exercising of good judgment or wisdom in practical matters. Prudence (Lat. prudentia, contracted from providentia, seeing ahead) is the ability to govern and discipline oneself by the use of reason. It is classically considered to be a virtue, and in particular one of the four Cardinal virtues (which are, with the three theological virtues, part of the seven virtues). The word comes from Old French prudence (14th century), from Latin prudentia (foresight, sagacity). It is often associated with wisdom, insight, and knowledge. In this case, the virtue is the ability to judge between virtuous and vicious actions, not only in a general sense, but with regard to appropriate actions at a given time and place. Although prudence itself does not perform any actions, and is concerned solely with knowledge, all virtues had to be regulated by it. Distinguishing when acts are courageous, as opposed to reckless or cowardly, for instance, is an act of prudence, and for this reason it is classified as a cardinal (pivotal) virtue. Although prudence would be applied to any such judgment, the more difficult tasks, which distinguish a person as prudent, are those in which various goods have to be weighed against each other, as when a person is determining what would be best to give charitable donations, or how to punish a child so as to prevent repeating an offense. In modern English, however, the word has become increasingly synonymous with cautiousness. In this sense, prudence names a reluctance to take risks, which remains a virtue with respect to unnecessary risks, but when unreasonably extended (i.e. over-cautiousness), can become the vice of cowardice. ASSOCIATED ARTICLES: Are you interested in starting your own small business? If you are, you may already have your mind made up. If you are still toying with the idea of starting your own small business, you may be wondering whether or not your dream is one that should stay a dream or one that could actually become a profitable reality. Pros and Cons of Starting a Business Are you looking for a new job or a way to make money? If you are, have you ever thought about starting your own business? If you haven’t, you may want to think about it. Should You Start Your Own Small Business Are you a small business owner? If you are, you will likely face a large amount of competition from others. others who may be larger than you and others who may have more resources at hand than you do. 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When planning personal finances, the individual would consider the suitability to his or her needs of a range of banking products (checking, savings accounts, credit cards and consumer loans) or investment private equity, (stock market, bonds, mutual funds) and insurance (life insurance, health insurance, disability insurance) products or participation and monitoring of individual- or employer-sponsored retirement plans, social security benefits, and income tax management. 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  HappySlip Home About Videos Filipino Humor Various fun themes Music All Videos Blog Menu Home About Videos Filipino Humor Various fun themes Music All Videos Blog Latest skits Blog Jun 28, 2016 featured Christine Gambito Comment Jun 28, 2016 featured Christine Gambito Comment Nevaeh imitating me!! Jun 28, 2016 featured Christine Gambito Comment Jun 28, 2016 featured Christine Gambito Comment Jun 28, ... HappySlip Home About Videos Filipino Humor Various fun themes Music All Videos Blog Menu Home About Videos Filipino Humor Various fun themes Music All Videos Blog Latest skits Blog Jun 28, 2016 ... 15, 2016 featured Christine Gambito 1 Comment May 28, 2016 Filipino humor kilikili , featured Christine Gambito 1 Comment May 28, 2016 Filipino humor kilikili , featured Christine Gambito 1 Comment Filipino Moms Love the Kilikili May 28, 2016 Filipino humor kilikili , featured Christine Gambito 1 CACHE

HappySlip Home About Videos Filipino Humor Various fun themes Music All Videos Blog Menu Home About Videos Filipino Humor Various fun themes Music All Videos Blog Latest skits Blog Jun 28, 2016 featured Christine Gambito Comment Jun 28, 2016 featured Christine Gambito Comment Nevaeh imitating me!! Jun 28, 2016 featured Christine Gambito Comment Jun 28, 2016 featured Christine Gambito Comment Jun 28, 2016 featured Christine Gambito Comment Jun 28, 2016 featured Christine Gambito Comment Jun 21, 2016 featured Christine Gambito Comment Jun 21, 2016 featured Christine Gambito Comment 14 Crazy Snapchat Characters Jun 21, 2016 featured Christine Gambito Comment Jun 21, 2016 featured Christine Gambito Comment Jun 21, 2016 featured Christine Gambito Comment Jun 21, 2016 featured Christine Gambito Comment Jun 15, 2016 featured Christine Gambito 1 Comment Jun 15, 2016 featured Christine Gambito 1 Comment Things Aunties say about your nose Jun 15, 2016 featured Christine Gambito 1 Comment Jun 15, 2016 featured Christine Gambito 1 Comment Jun 15, 2016 featured Christine Gambito 1 Comment Jun 15, 2016 featured Christine Gambito 1 Comment May 28, 2016 Filipino humor kilikili , featured Christine Gambito 1 Comment May 28, 2016 Filipino humor kilikili , featured Christine Gambito 1 Comment Filipino Moms Love the Kilikili May 28, 2016 Filipino humor kilikili , featured Christine Gambito 1 Comment May 28, 2016 Filipino humor kilikili , featured Christine Gambito 1 Comment May 28, 2016 Filipino humor kilikili , featured Christine Gambito 1 Comment May 28, 2016 Filipino humor kilikili , featured Christine Gambito 1 Comment Apr 1, 2016 Filipino humor cute attack , gigil , featured Christine Gambito 1 Comment Apr 1, 2016 Filipino humor cute attack , gigil , featured Christine Gambito 1 Comment When Filipinas have cute attacks... 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Kevin Wu @kevjumba and friends - Han, Auntie Myrna, Myko, Leizel, and my family of course. Yes I love the stuff so much, I made a commercial and it got selected to show in Times Square! 😮😁👄 You can try for yourself and order from my @happyslipbeauty IG or HappysLIP Beauty group on FB. 😍👏🏽👄🎉🎉🎉 When the commercial you recorded in your backyard ends up on a billboard in Times Square, NYC. Surreal! 😆😆 To see the Auntie's whole hilarious vlog go to the link in the bio. 😁👏🏽 Show her some 💕 on YouTube and she will vlog some more...😆🤣 Tag someone who has been BICKSED!! 🤣😂🤣 #happyslip #filipinohumor #vicks #bicks #notanad #filipinomom After Auntie greets you... 😲 Bojee, the Filipino dog, after your Saturday morning breakfast. 😆😋 #happysliponSnapchat Full skit on my 'Christine Gambito' @happyslip FB comedy page.😁🙌🏽 Well hello to this lip color combo - 2x layers of Bella and 1 layer of Beige Champagne on top. Find your custom all day color on my HappysLIP FB group. 👄💄 #18hourlipstick #smudgeproof #waterproof #kissproof #lifeproof #magiclipstick Performing some stand up comedy in Kevin's show. #friendsforever #kevjumba Twitter 💕💕💕 https://t.co/r8L11Qsiiu about 3 weeks ago New HappySlip bidjo: LECHON LOVE‼️🐷🐖💕 Auntie thinks she knows how to vlog... 🤪🙄 https://t.co/dY9OG2CCr3 about 3 weeks ago New HappySlip bidjo on YouChoob. 😆 10 Favorite Things that may SHOCK you!! 😮 https://t.co/TPAcPvziBO about a month ago BICKS, the Filipino Cure All. RT if you have been BICKSed! 😆😄🙋🏻 #notanad #FilipinoHumor #happyslip https://t.co/Z2Q2LiyJOz about a month ago prev / next Back to Home HappySlip © 2015



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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category%3APeople_of_Filipino_descent
  Category:People of Filipino descent - Wikipedia Help Category:People of Filipino descent From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation , search Wikimedia Commons has media related to People of Filipino descent . This category includes articles on people who (or whose ancestors) emigrated from the Philippines to other countries. For the opposite, see Category:Filipino people by ethnic or ... Category:People of Filipino descent - Wikipedia Help Category:People of Filipino descent From ... to People of Filipino descent . This category includes articles on people who (or whose ancestors ... . - ► Filipino expatriates ‎ (35 C, 1 P) + ► Filipino emigrants ‎ (11 C, 5 P) A ► Actors of Filipino descent ‎ (3 C) ► American people of Filipino descent ‎ (9 C, 114 P) ► Australian people of Filipino descent ‎ (2 C, 63 P) ► Austrian people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 C, 5 P) B ► Belgian people CACHE

Category:People of Filipino descent - Wikipedia Help Category:People of Filipino descent From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation , search Wikimedia Commons has media related to People of Filipino descent . This category includes articles on people who (or whose ancestors) emigrated from the Philippines to other countries. For the opposite, see Category:Filipino people by ethnic or national origin Subcategories This category has the following 45 subcategories, out of 45 total. - ► Filipino expatriates ‎ (35 C, 1 P) + ► Filipino emigrants ‎ (11 C, 5 P) A ► Actors of Filipino descent ‎ (3 C) ► American people of Filipino descent ‎ (9 C, 114 P) ► Australian people of Filipino descent ‎ (2 C, 63 P) ► Austrian people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 C, 5 P) B ► Belgian people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 C, 3 P) ► British people of Filipino descent ‎ (6 C, 7 P) C ► Cambodian people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 P) ► Canadian people of Filipino descent ‎ (5 C, 52 P) ► Chinese people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 C, 4 P) ► Colombian people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 P) ► Croatian people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 P) D ► Danish people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 C, 5 P) ► Dutch people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 C, 6 P) F ► French people of Filipino descent ‎ (5 P) G ► Gabonese people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 P) ► German people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 C, 20 P) ► Guam people of Filipino descent ‎ (7 P) H ► Hong Kong people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 C, 12 P) I ► Icelandic people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 P) ► Indonesian people of Filipino descent ‎ (11 P) ► Iranian people of Filipino descent ‎ (3 P) ► Italian people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 C, 8 P) J ► Japanese people of Filipino descent ‎ (2 C, 38 P) K ► Korean people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 C) M ► Malaysian people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 C, 7 P) ► Mexican people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 C, 4 P) N ► Native Hawaiian people of Filipino descent ‎ (5 P) ► New Zealand people of Filipino descent ‎ (2 P) ► Nigerian people of Filipino descent ‎ (4 P) ► Northern Mariana Islands people of Filipino descent ‎ (2 P) ► Norwegian people of Filipino descent ‎ (6 P) P ► Pakistani people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 C, 1 P) ► People of Kapampangan descent ‎ (3 C) S ► Saudi Arabian people of Filipino descent ‎ (2 P) ► Singaporean people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 C, 1 P) ► Slovenian people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 P) ► South Korean people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 C, 2 P) ► Spanish people of Filipino descent ‎ (3 C, 19 P) ► Swedish people of Filipino descent ‎ (7 P) ► Swiss people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 C, 4 P) T ► Taiwanese people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 C, 2 P) ► Thai people of Filipino descent ‎ (3 P) V ► Vietnamese people of Filipino descent ‎ (1 C) Pages in category 'People of Filipino descent' This category contains only the following page. This list may not reflect recent changes ( learn more ). R Hazel Renee Retrieved from ' https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:People_of_Filipino_descent&oldid=662251754 ' Categories : People by ethnic or national descent Filipino diaspora People by Asian country of descent People by country of descent Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged in Talk Contributions Create account Log in Namespaces Category Talk Variants Views Read Edit View history More Search Navigation Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikipedia store Interaction Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact page Tools What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Wikidata item Print/export Create a book Download as PDF Printable version In other projects Wikimedia Commons Languages العربية Español فارسی Français Frysk Galego 한국어 مصرى 日本語 Português Slovenčina ไทย Türkçe اردو 中文 Edit links This page was last edited on 14 May 2015, at 03:51. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License . additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy . Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view



http://filipino-recipes-lutong-pinoy.com
  Filipino Recipes. Mga Lutong Pinoy Welcome to Filipino Recipes... truly 'lutong Pinoy!' Lutong Pinoy.. The Philippines is a place where foreigners wants to visit and Filipinos living abroad call it home. One came to ask what is really special about the Philippines. If you haven’t come to its beautiful beaches and feel its soft white sands, it is worth investigating how beautiful the Philippines is. ... Filipino Recipes. Mga Lutong Pinoy Welcome to Filipino Recipes... truly 'lutong Pinoy!' Lutong ... is. You will be surely be amazed how rich the Filipino cuisine if you came to taste our food. The accommodating gesture truly runs in the Filipino blood and is considered a plus why our country is included as the top destination country chosen by foreigners. Now, let us talk about Filipino cuisine or Lutong Pinoy as it fondly called in the tagalong dialect. Someone told me that Filipino cuisine CACHE

Filipino Recipes. Mga Lutong Pinoy Welcome to Filipino Recipes... truly 'lutong Pinoy!' Lutong Pinoy.. The Philippines is a place where foreigners wants to visit and Filipinos living abroad call it home. One came to ask what is really special about the Philippines. If you haven’t come to its beautiful beaches and feel its soft white sands, it is worth investigating how beautiful the Philippines is. You will be surely be amazed how rich the Filipino cuisine if you came to taste our food. The accommodating gesture truly runs in the Filipino blood and is considered a plus why our country is included as the top destination country chosen by foreigners. Now, let us talk about Filipino cuisine or Lutong Pinoy as it fondly called in the tagalong dialect. Someone told me that Filipino cuisine is one of the best and palatable dishes in the world. Well, who would disagree? Practicality wise, Filipino cuisine has the simplest mixture of herbs and spices compared to other Asian and Western cuisines, yet it leaves a distinct rapport to the tongue. An example is the use of gata “coconut milk” to our recipe. Gata is used as a substitute to recipes requiring creamy mixture. There are a lot of Filipino recipes using gata but what I liked the most is the simple recipe mixing in gata to boiled and tendered squash. Try it and you will surely love it. You can also add in fried fish to add flavor to the dish. Simple but elegant…This is how I describe the cooking style of “Lutong Pinoy”. Have a taste of our food and you will surely be amazed and certainly be looking for more. Basic to Lutong Pinoy preparation, it is important to know the common herbs we used in our recipe hereunder described. Filipinos are known for its rich culture and closely knitted family relationship. We are taught in our home and school the values of pakikisama and respect to elders. This teaching is unique that even foreigners admired us of such friendly and respectable gesture. Not all know the secret of these unique values. In my humble observation, the common foundation of this renowned Filipino values is the food. Well, don’t be amazed…Filipinos loved parties and we have a unique definition of what a party is. For us, party is about sharing and reconnecting that we can have it regularly during weekends. The most awaited part of this gathering is the food that every member of the family brings to the table to share. Filipino food is prepared simple yet it has an elegant taste and distinct sumptuous flavor. I remember being content with three kinds of herbs placed in our regular menudo recipe. Garlic, red chili pepper and onion are basically present in all regular sauté recipes. Had you taste our adobo? Well, a laurel leaf and pounded laurel seeds will do the magic. So what is really special about our food? Is it the herbs? Or is it the matter of preparation? Read on to discover the secrets of Filipino cuisine and how we play with the herbs and spices in our recipes. Like us on Facebook Follow us on YouTube If you like the recipe you just found, please share it... Filipino Online Store and Mga Lutong Pinoy Filipino Online Store Bakareta Beef Caldereta (Beef Caldereta) Bakareta Beef Caldereta (Beef Caldereta) Beef Steak Recipe Filipino Style beef steak recipe filipino style Beef Stroganoff Recipe beef stroganoff recipe Bulalo Beef Stew Recipe Bulalo Beef Stew Recipe Empanada Recipe empanada recipe How to Make Meatballs (Bola-Bola) how to make meatballs (bola-bola) Mongolian Beef Recipe mongolian beef recipe Kare-kare (Oxtail Stew in Peanut Sauce) kare-kare (oxtail stew in peanut sauce) Nilagang Baka (Beef Soup) nilagang baka (beef soup) Lutong Pinoy Pochero Lutong Pinoy Pochero Barbecue Chicken Recipe barbecue chicken recipe Cashew Chicken Recipe cashew chicken recipe Chicken Galantina Chicken Galantina Chicken Curry Filipino Recipe chicken curry filipino recipe Chicken and Sausage Rice Jambalaya Filipino Recipe Chicken and Sausage Rice Jambalaya Filipino Recipe Chicken Liver Adobo chicken liver adobo Chicken Mami Filipino Recipe chicken mami filipino recipe Chicken Tinola Filipino Recipe A typical meal in the Philippines is not complete without a bowl of hot soup. And the Chicken Tinola Filipino Recipe is always a favorite! Chicken Wing Recipe (Chicken Wings in Garlic Sauce) chicken wing recipe (chicken wings in garlic sauce) Chicharon Manok (Fried Chicken Skin) chicharon manok (fried chicken skin) Roasted Chicken Recipe (Lechon Manok) roasted chicken recipe (lechon manok) Teriyaki Chicken Recipe teriyaki chicken recipe Adobo Chicken Filipino Recipe (Spicy Chicken Adobo) Adobo Chicken Filipino Recipe (Spicy Chicken Adobo) Breaded Pork Chop Recipe (Fried Pork Chops) Breaded Pork Chop Recipe (fried pork chops) Embutido Recipe Filipino style Embutido Recipe Filipino style Hawaiian Pork Hawaiian Pork Inihaw na Liempo (Grilled Pork Belly) inihaw na liempo (grilled pork belly) Lechon Homemade Sauce Filipino Recipe Lechon Homemade Sauce Filipino Recipe Lechon Kawali Filipino Recipe lechon kawali filipino recipe Lechon Paksiw Lutong Pinoy Lechon Paksiw Lutong Pinoy Lengua Filipino Recipe lengua filipino recipe Menudo Filipino Recipe Menudo Filipino Recipe Morcon Filipino Recipe Morcon Filipino Recipe Pork Adobo with Mushrooms pork adobo with mushrooms Pork Barbecue Filipino Style pork barbecue filipino style Filipino Pork Binagoongan or Binagoongang Baboy Filipino Recipe Pork Binagoongan or Binagoongang Baboy Filipino Recipe Pork Hamonado Filipino Recipe pork hamonado filipino recipe Pork Humba Filipino Recipe (Braised Pork) pork humba filipino recipe, braised pork Pork Isaw (Grilled Pork Intestines) pork isaw grilled pork intestines Pork Kilawin Recipe pork kilawin recipe Pork Mechado Filipino Recipe pork mechado filipino recipe Pork Steak Recipe pork steak recipe Siomai (Pork Dumpling) Siomai (Pork Dumpling) Sweet and Sour Pork sweet and sour pork Tokwa at Baboy (Fried Tofu Recipe) Tokwa at Baboy (Fried Tofu Recipe) Banana Nut Cake banana nut cake Banana in Sugar Syrup (Minatamis na Saging) banana in sugar syrup (minatamis na saging) Buko Salad (Young Coconut Salad) buko salad (young coconut salad) Buko Pandan Dessert buko pandan dessert Brazo de Mercedes (Crème-filled Log Cake) brazo de mercedes (crème-filled log cake) Camote Cue (Sweet Potato Fritter) camote cue (sweet potato fritter) Classic Brownies Filipino Style Classic Brownies Filipino Style Coconut Macaroons Filipino Recipe Coconut Macaroons Filipino Recipe Fruit Salad Recipe (Filipino Style) fruit salad recipe (filipino style) Halo-halo halo-halo Leche Flan Recipe leche flan recipe Macaroni Salad Recipe macaroni salad recipe Filipino Macaroni Chicken Salad Pinoy Style Recipe Many foreigners do find Filipino Macaroni Chicken Salad very interesting. Pastillas de Leche (Candied Milk) pastillas de leche (candied milk) Pineapple Pie pineapple pie Polvoron polvoron Turon (Banana Spring Rolls) turon (banana spring rolls) Yema Recipe yema recipe Filipino Recipe Baked Salmon This Filipino Recipe Baked Salmon is made with Mayonnaise, Tomatoes and Onions. Camaron Rebosado Filipino Recipe Camaron Rebosado Filipino Recipe Crabs with Salt and Pepper Filipino Recipe Crabs with Salt and Pepper Filipino Recipe Escabeche - Fish Filipino Recipe Escabeche - Fish Filipino Recipe Fried Calamari Recipe (Calamares) fried calamari recipe (calamares) Fish Soup Recipe (Tinolang Isda) fish soup recipe (tinolang isda) Grilled Stuffed Squid (Inihaw na Pusit) grilled stuffed squid (inihaw na pusit) Grilled Tilapia (Inihaw na Tilapia) Grilled Tilapia (Inihaw na Tilapia) How to Fry Bulad Besugo Pinikas Dried Fish for Crunchier Taste Many of us doesn't really know the real secret on how to make or fry the Bulad Besugo Pinikas Dried Fish. In Bisaya, we also call this 'pinikas na buwad' or 'pinikas na bulad'. 'besugo' in Tagalog! Inihaw na Bangus (Grilled Milkfish) inihaw na bangus (grilled milkfish) Kilawin Malasugue (Blue Marlin) kilawin malasugue (blue marlin) Kilawing Tangegue Filipino Recipe Lutong Pinoy Kilawing Tangegue Filipino Recipe Lutong Pinoy Recipe for Paella recipe for paella How to Make Paksiw na Pompano with Ampalaya - Lutong Pinoy Paksiw na Pampano is so easy to cook. It is mainly cooked in vinegar and ginger Seafood Delight Recipe seafood delight recipe Shrimp Stir-Fry shrimp stir-fry Sizzling Tangigue (Grilled Spanish Mackerel) sizzling tangigue (grilled spanish mackerel) Tilapia Fish Patty - Lutong Pinoy Tilapia Fish Patty - Lutong Pinoy Paksiw Na Bangus (Milkfish Stewed in Vinegar) Paksiw Na Bangus (Milkfish Stewed in Vinegar) Bibingka Recipe - How to Make Bibingka Bibingka Recipe - How to Make Bibingka Biko Recipe biko recipe Cassava Cake Filipino Recipe cassava cake filipino recipe Halayang Ube (Purple Yam Jam) halayang ube (purple yam jam) Maja Blanca (Coconut Pudding) maja blanca (coconut pudding) Kutsinta Recipe (Brown Rice Cake) kutsinta recipe (Brown rice cake) Palitaw Filipino Recipe palitaw filipino recipe Pichi-Pichi Kakanin Filipino-Recipe Pichi-Pichi Kakanin Filipino Recipe How to Make Puto (Steamed Rice Cake) How to Make Puto (Steamed Rice Cake) Sapin-sapin Filipino Recipe sapin-sapin filipino recipe Suman Filipino Recipe suman filipino recipe Adobong Kangkong Filipino Recipe Adobong Kangkong Filipino Recipe -Sauteed Water Spinach Kangkong Ginisa with Hipon (Stir-fried Water Spinach with Dried Shrimps) Kangkong Ginisa with Hipon (Stir-fried Water Spinach with Dried Shrimps) Water Spinach Adobo, Lutong Pinoy Water Spinach Adobo / Kangkong Filipino Recipe Ampalaya with Alamang - Sauteed Bitter Gourd Filipino Recipe Ampalaya with Alamang - Sauteed Bitter Gourd Filipino Recipe Bitter Gourd Recipe - Stir Fried (Ampalaya) with Beef Bitter Gourd Recipe - Stir Fried (Ampalaya) with Beef Ampalaya Con Carne Ampalaya Con Carne Bulanglang Healthy Filipino Recipe Lutong Pinoy Bulanglang is perhaps the healthiest Filipino dish or soup mainly because it is made of different nutritious vegetables. Ginisang Repolyo Filipino Recipe Lutong Pinoy Ginisang Repolyo Filipino Recipe with Hipon is so easy to cook with a taste of Filipino dish! Monggo with Ampalaya monggo with ampalaya Eggplant Salad (Ensaladang Talong) eggplant salad (ensaladang talong) Ginisang Ampalaya (Ampalaya with Egg) ginisang ampalaya (ampalaya with egg) Seaweed Salad Recipe (Guso Salad) seaweed salad recipe (guso) Sweet Potato Leaves Salad (Talbos ng Kamote) sweet potato leaves salad (talbos ng kamote) Tortang Talong (Eggplant Omelette) tortang talong (eggplant omelette) Sinigang na Hipon (Shrimp in Sour Broth) Filipino Recipe Sinigang na Hipon (Shrimp in Sour Broth) Filipino Recipe Sinigang na Bangus (Milk Fish in Sour Broth) - Filipino Recipe Sinigang na Bangus (Milk Fish in Sour Broth) - Filipino Recipe Filipino Spaghetti Filipino Spaghetti Pancit Bam-i pancit bam-i Pancit Bihon pancit bihon Pancit Canton Filipino Recipe pancit canton filipino recipe Pancit Palabok Filipino Recipe Pancit Palabok Filipino Recipe Pancit Miki Filipino Recipe pancit miki filipino recipe Shrimp Pasta Recipe shrimp pasta recipe Sotanghon Guisado sotanghon guisado Champorado Lutong Pinoy Breakfast Filipino Recipe Champorado Lutong Pinoy (Chocolate/Cocoa Sweet Porridge) Filipino Recipe How to Make Chorizo (Pork Sausage) how to make chorizo (pork sausage) Cornsilog (Corned Beef, Sinangag at Itlog) cornsilog (corned beef, sinangag at itlog) Ginisang Hotdog with Giniling Ginisang Hotdog with Giniling - Pang Almusal Filipino Recipe Longanisa Longanisa Pork Tocino Pork Tocino Tapsilog Filipino Recipe Tapsilog Filipino Recipe Canned Sardines Recipe (Sardines with Egg) canned sardines recipe (sardines with egg) Arroz Caldo Filipino Recipe Rice Congee Arroz Caldo Filipino Recipe Rice Congee Bicol Express - How to Make it. Bicol Express - How to Make it. Bopis Filipino Recipe bopis filipino recipe Bulalo Lutong Pinoy and Truly Filipino Bulalo Lutong Pinoy and Truly Filipino Dinuguan Filipino Recipe Lutong Pinoy Dinuguan Filipino Recipe Lutong Pinoy Fresh Lumpia (Spring Rolls) fresh lumpia (spring rolls) How to Cook Fried Vietnamese Spring Rolls Lumpia Pinoy Version Filipino version of Fried Vietnamese Spring Rolls Lumpiang Shanghai Lumpiang Shanghai Lumpia Shanghai (Spring Rolls) lumpia shanghai (spring rolls) Sisig Lutong Pinoy - Masarap! Sisig Lutong Pinoy - Masarap! Sisig Filipino Recipe -This one is my uncle's very own version of Sisig! Sisig Filipino Recipe -This one is my uncle's very own version of Sisig! Recipes With Coconut Milk Recipes with Coconut Milk Filipino Style Lutong Pinoy Ginataang Alimasag Lutong Pinoy - Crabs in Coconut Milk Ginataang Alimasag Lutong Pinoy - Crabs in Coconut Milk Ginataang Gulay (Vegetables Simmered in Coconut Milk) ginataang gulay (vegetables simmered in coconut milk) Ginataan Halo-Halo Ginataan Halo-Halo Ginataang Langka (Unripe Jackfruit Stewed in Cococnut Milk) Ginataang Langka (Unripe Jackfruit Stewed in Cococnut Milk) Ginataang Puso ng Saging (Banana Heart Blossom Stewed in Coconut Milk) Ginataang Puso ng Saging (Banana Heart Blossom Stewed in Coconut Milk) Laing (Taro Leaves Stewed in Coconut Milk) Laing (Taro Leaves Stewed in Coconut Milk) 50 Delicious Filipino Foods Pictures 50 Delicious Filipino Foods Pictures | Mga Lutong Pinoy and Philippine Cooking Filipino Food Recipes with Pictures Filipino Food Recipes with Pictures Filipino Cooking Terms Filipino Cooking Terms About Me About Me Terms of Use and Disclaimer Terms of Use and Disclaimer Health Benefits of Malunggay Do you have any idea about the many health benefits of Malunggay? Avocado Nutrition Facts, Risks, Medicinal and Health Benefits Some of Avocado Nutrition Facts is that it is rich in lipid and amino acid component. A study was conducted evaluating the health benefit of avocado on sixteen patients with high cholesterol issues. Follow us on Social Media BROWSE OUR RECIPES BY CATEGORY (Choose Any Category Below) Home Buy from Our Online Filipino Store Beef Filipino Recipes Bakareta (Beef Caldereta) Beef Steak Recipe Filipino Style Beef Stroganoff Recipe Bulalo (Beef Stew) Empanada Recipe Meatballs (Bola-Bola) Mongolian Beef Recipe Kare-kare (Oxtail Stew in Peanut Sauce) Nilagang Baka (Beef Soup) Pochero Chicken Filipino Recipes Barbecue Chicken Recipe Cashew Chicken Chicken Galantina Chicken Curry Filipino Recipe Chicken and Sausage Rice Jambalaya Filipino Recipe Chicken Liver Adobo Chicken Mami Filipino Recipe Chicken Tinola Chicken Wings in Garlic Sauce Chicharon Manok (Fried Chicken Skin) Lechon Manok (Roasted Chicken) Teriyaki Chicken Recipe Spicy Chicken Adobo Pork Filipino Recipes Breaded Pork Chop Recipe Embutido Filipino Style Hawaiian Pork Inihaw na Liempo (Grilled Pork Belly) Lechon Kawali Filipino Recipe Lechon Paksiw Lutong Pinoy Lengua Filipino Recipe Menudo Filipino Recipe Morcon Filipino Recipe Pork Adobo with Mushrooms Pork Barbecue Filipino Style Pork Binagoongan Pork Hamonado Filipino Recipe Pork Humba Filipino Recipe (Braised Pork) Pork Isaw (Grilled Pork Intestines) Pork Kilawin Recipe Pork Mechado Filipino Recipe Pork Steak Recipe Siomai (Pork Dumpling) Sweet and Sour Pork Tokwa at Baboy (Fried Tofu Recipe) Dessert Filipino Recipes Banana Nut Cake Banana in Sugar Syrup (Minatamis na Saging) Buko Salad Buko Pandan Dessert Brazo de Mercedes (Crème-filled Log Cake) Camote Cue (Sweet Potato Fritter) Classic Brownies Filipino Style Coconut Macaroons Filipino Recipe Fruit Salad Recipe Halo-halo Leche Flan Recipe Macaroni Salad Recipe Macaroni Chicken Salad Pastillas de Leche (Candied Milk) Pineapple Pie Polvoron Turon (Banana Spring Rolls) Yema Recipe Fish & Seafoods Filipino Recipes Baked Salmon with Mayo Camaron Rebosado Crabs with Salt and Pepper Filipino Recipe Escabeche Fried Calamari (Calamares) Fish Soup Recipe (Tinolang Isda) Grilled Stuffed Squid (Inihaw na Pusit) Grilled Tilapia (Inihaw na Tilapia) How to Fry Bulad Besugo Pinikas Inihaw na Bangus (Grilled Milkfish) Kilawin Malasugue (Blue Marlin) Kilawing Tangegue Paella Paksiw na Pompano Seafood Delight Shrimp Stir Fry Recipe Sizzling Tangigue (Grilled Spanish Mackerel) Tilapia Fish Patty Lutong Pinoy Paksiw Na Bangus (Milkfish Stewed in Vinegar) Kakanin Filipino Recipes Bibingka Recipe Biko Recipe Cassava Cake Filipino Recipe Halayang Ube (Purple Yam Jam) Maja Blanca (Coconut Pudding) Kutsinta Recipe (Brown Rice Cake) Palitaw Filipino Recipe Pichi-Pichi Kakanin Filipino Recipe Puto (Steamed Rice Cake) Sapin-sapin Filipino Recipe Suman Filipino Recipe Kangkong Recipes Adobong Kangkong (Sauteed' Water Spinach Kangkong Ginisa with Hipon Water Spinach (Kangkong) Adobo Mga Ginisang Gulay (Sauteed Veggies) Ampalaya with Alamang Ampalaya with Beef Ampalaya Con Carne Bulanglang Ginisang Repolyo with Shrimps Eggplant Salad (Ensaladang Talong) Ginisang Ampalaya (Ampalaya with Egg) Guso Salad Sweet Potato Leaves Salad (Talbos ng Kamote) Tortang Talong (Eggplant Omelette) Sinigang Filipino Recipes Sinigang na Hipon Sinigang na Bangus Pancit, Pasta at Noodles Filipino Spaghetti Pancit Bam-i Pancit Bihon Pancit Canton Filipino Recipe Pancit Palabok Pancit Miki Filipino Recipe Shrimp Pasta Sotanghon Guisado Pang-Almusal (Breakfast Recipes) Champorado Lutong Pinoy (Chocolate/Cocoa Sweet Porridge) Filipino Recipe Chorizo (Pork Sausage) Cornsilog (Corned Beef, Sinangag at Itlog) Ginisang Hotdog with Giniling Longanisa Pork Tocino Tapsilog (Tapa Sinangag at Itlog) Sardines with Egg Lutong Pinoy at iba pa.. Arroz Caldo Filipino Recipe Rice Congee Bicol Express Bopis Filipino Recipe Bulalo Lutong Pinoy and Truly Filipino Dinuguan Fresh Lumpia (Spring Rolls) Fried Vietnamese Spring Rolls Lumpiang Shanghai Lumpia Shanghai (Spring Rolls) Sisig Filipino Recipe Sisig Filipino Recipe -This one is my uncle's very own version of Sisig! Recipes With Coconut Milk Recipes with Coconut Milk Filipino Style Lutong Pinoy Ginataang Alimasag-Crabs in Coconut Milk Ginataang Gulay (Vegetables Simmered in Coconut Milk) Ginataan Halo-Halo Ginataang Langka (Unripe Jackfruit Stewed in Cococnut Milk) Ginataang Puso ng Saging (Banana Heart Blossom Stewed in Coconut Milk) Laing (Taro Leaves Stewed in Coconut Milk) Filipino Food Recipes With Pictures 50 Filipino Foods Pictures Truly Filipino Cooking! Find out its Meaning! Filipino Cooking Terms About Me About Me Disclaimer Health Benefits of Malunggay Avocado Nutrition Facts What do you think about this recipe? What's your thought about this recipe? Share it! 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(You can preview and edit on the next page) Home Buy from Our Online Filipino Store Beef Filipino Recipes Bakareta (Beef Caldereta) Beef Steak Recipe Filipino Style Beef Stroganoff Recipe Bulalo (Beef Stew) Empanada Recipe Meatballs (Bola-Bola) Mongolian Beef Recipe Kare-kare (Oxtail Stew in Peanut Sauce) Nilagang Baka (Beef Soup) Pochero Chicken Filipino Recipes Barbecue Chicken Recipe Cashew Chicken Chicken Galantina Chicken Curry Filipino Recipe Chicken and Sausage Rice Jambalaya Filipino Recipe Chicken Liver Adobo Chicken Mami Filipino Recipe Chicken Tinola Chicken Wings in Garlic Sauce Chicharon Manok (Fried Chicken Skin) Lechon Manok (Roasted Chicken) Teriyaki Chicken Recipe Spicy Chicken Adobo Pork Filipino Recipes Breaded Pork Chop Recipe Embutido Filipino Style Hawaiian Pork Inihaw na Liempo (Grilled Pork Belly) Lechon Kawali Filipino Recipe Lechon Paksiw Lutong Pinoy Lengua Filipino Recipe Menudo Filipino Recipe Morcon Filipino Recipe Pork Adobo with Mushrooms Pork Barbecue Filipino Style Pork Binagoongan Pork Hamonado Filipino Recipe Pork Humba Filipino Recipe (Braised Pork) Pork Isaw (Grilled Pork Intestines) Pork Kilawin Recipe Pork Mechado Filipino Recipe Pork Steak Recipe Siomai (Pork Dumpling) Sweet and Sour Pork Tokwa at Baboy (Fried Tofu Recipe) Dessert Filipino Recipes Banana Nut Cake Banana in Sugar Syrup (Minatamis na Saging) Buko Salad Buko Pandan Dessert Brazo de Mercedes (Crème-filled Log Cake) Camote Cue (Sweet Potato Fritter) Classic Brownies Filipino Style Coconut Macaroons Filipino Recipe Fruit Salad Recipe Halo-halo Leche Flan Recipe Macaroni Salad Recipe Macaroni Chicken Salad Pastillas de Leche (Candied Milk) Pineapple Pie Polvoron Turon (Banana Spring Rolls) Yema Recipe Fish & Seafoods Filipino Recipes Baked Salmon with Mayo Camaron Rebosado Crabs with Salt and Pepper Filipino Recipe Escabeche Fried Calamari (Calamares) Fish Soup Recipe (Tinolang Isda) Grilled Stuffed Squid (Inihaw na Pusit) Grilled Tilapia (Inihaw na Tilapia) How to Fry Bulad Besugo Pinikas Inihaw na Bangus (Grilled Milkfish) Kilawin Malasugue (Blue Marlin) Kilawing Tangegue Paella Paksiw na Pompano Seafood Delight Shrimp Stir Fry Recipe Sizzling Tangigue (Grilled Spanish Mackerel) Tilapia Fish Patty Lutong Pinoy Paksiw Na Bangus (Milkfish Stewed in Vinegar) Kakanin Filipino Recipes Bibingka Recipe Biko Recipe Cassava Cake Filipino Recipe Halayang Ube (Purple Yam Jam) Maja Blanca (Coconut Pudding) Kutsinta Recipe (Brown Rice Cake) Palitaw Filipino Recipe Pichi-Pichi Kakanin Filipino Recipe Puto (Steamed Rice Cake) Sapin-sapin Filipino Recipe Suman Filipino Recipe Kangkong Recipes Adobong Kangkong (Sauteed' Water Spinach Kangkong Ginisa with Hipon Water Spinach (Kangkong) Adobo Mga Ginisang Gulay (Sauteed Veggies) Ampalaya with Alamang Ampalaya with Beef Ampalaya Con Carne Bulanglang Ginisang Repolyo with Shrimps Eggplant Salad (Ensaladang Talong) Ginisang Ampalaya (Ampalaya with Egg) Guso Salad Sweet Potato Leaves Salad (Talbos ng Kamote) Tortang Talong (Eggplant Omelette) Sinigang Filipino Recipes Sinigang na Hipon Sinigang na Bangus Pancit, Pasta at Noodles Filipino Spaghetti Pancit Bam-i Pancit Bihon Pancit Canton Filipino Recipe Pancit Palabok Pancit Miki Filipino Recipe Shrimp Pasta Sotanghon Guisado Pang-Almusal (Breakfast Recipes) Champorado Lutong Pinoy (Chocolate/Cocoa Sweet Porridge) Filipino Recipe Chorizo (Pork Sausage) Cornsilog (Corned Beef, Sinangag at Itlog) Ginisang Hotdog with Giniling Longanisa Pork Tocino Tapsilog (Tapa Sinangag at Itlog) Sardines with Egg Lutong Pinoy at iba pa.. Arroz Caldo Filipino Recipe Rice Congee Bicol Express Bopis Filipino Recipe Bulalo Lutong Pinoy and Truly Filipino Dinuguan Fresh Lumpia (Spring Rolls) Fried Vietnamese Spring Rolls Lumpiang Shanghai Lumpia Shanghai (Spring Rolls) Sisig Filipino Recipe Sisig Filipino Recipe -This one is my uncle's very own version of Sisig! Recipes With Coconut Milk Recipes with Coconut Milk Filipino Style Lutong Pinoy Ginataang Alimasag-Crabs in Coconut Milk Ginataang Gulay (Vegetables Simmered in Coconut Milk) Ginataan Halo-Halo Ginataang Langka (Unripe Jackfruit Stewed in Cococnut Milk) Ginataang Puso ng Saging (Banana Heart Blossom Stewed in Coconut Milk) Laing (Taro Leaves Stewed in Coconut Milk) Filipino Food Recipes With Pictures 50 Filipino Foods Pictures Truly Filipino Cooking! Find out its Meaning! Filipino Cooking Terms About Me About Me Disclaimer Health Benefits of Malunggay Avocado Nutrition Facts Watch our latest cooking videos on YouTube! WELCOME TO OUR ONLINE FILIPINO STORE CLICK HERE powered by Amazon Lutong Tinola Chicken Macaroni Salad Empanada Arroz Valenciana Pang-almusal Ideas Hamonado Recipe Ginisang Monggo with Gata Fried Lumpia Ginisang Repolyo with Shrimps Garlic Shrimps Cooked with 7-Up and Butter Paksiw na Pompano Visitors



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category%3AFilipino_people_by_ethnic_or_national_origin
  Category:Filipino people by ethnic or national origin - Wikipedia Help Category:Filipino people by ethnic or national origin From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation , search Biography portal Philippines portal Subcategories This category has the following 71 subcategories, out of 71 total. ► Filipino people by occupation and ethnic or national origin ‎ (1 C) - ► Expatriates in the ... of 71 total. ► Filipino people by occupation and ethnic or national origin ‎ (1 C) - ► Expatriates in the Philippines ‎ (41 C, 2 P) + ► Immigrants to the Philippines ‎ (13 C) A ► Filipino people of African descent ‎ (3 C) ► Filipino people of American descent ‎ (4 C, 148 P) ► Filipino people of Arab descent ‎ (7 C, 5 P) ► Filipino people of Australian descent ‎ (2 C, 11 P) ► Filipino people of Austrian descent ‎ (4 P) B ► Filipino people of Bahraini descent ‎ (1 P) ► Filipino people of Basque CACHE

Category:Filipino people by ethnic or national origin - Wikipedia Help Category:Filipino people by ethnic or national origin From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation , search Biography portal Philippines portal Subcategories This category has the following 71 subcategories, out of 71 total. ► Filipino people by occupation and ethnic or national origin ‎ (1 C) - ► Expatriates in the Philippines ‎ (41 C, 2 P) + ► Immigrants to the Philippines ‎ (13 C) A ► Filipino people of African descent ‎ (3 C) ► Filipino people of American descent ‎ (4 C, 148 P) ► Filipino people of Arab descent ‎ (7 C, 5 P) ► Filipino people of Australian descent ‎ (2 C, 11 P) ► Filipino people of Austrian descent ‎ (4 P) B ► Filipino people of Bahraini descent ‎ (1 P) ► Filipino people of Basque descent ‎ (2 C, 22 P) ► Filipino people of Belgian descent ‎ (1 P) ► Bicolano people ‎ (9 C, 67 P) ► Filipino people of Brazilian descent ‎ (1 P) ► Filipino people of British descent ‎ (4 C, 23 P) C ► Filipino people of Canadian descent ‎ (2 C, 11 P) ► Filipino people of Chinese descent ‎ (9 C, 218 P) ► Filipino people of Colombian descent ‎ (1 C) ► Filipino people of Cuban descent ‎ (1 P) D ► Filipino people of Danish descent ‎ (1 P) ► Filipino people of Dutch descent ‎ (5 P) E ► Filipino people of Egyptian descent ‎ (2 P) ► Filipino people of European descent ‎ (21 C) F ► Fictional Filipino people by ethnic or national origin ‎ (1 C) ► Filipino people of French descent ‎ (4 C, 28 P) G ► Filipino people of German descent ‎ (2 C, 93 P) ► Filipino people of Greek descent ‎ (4 P) H ► Filipino people of Native Hawaiian descent ‎ (1 P) ► Filipino people of Hungarian descent ‎ (4 P) I ► Filipino people of Icelandic descent ‎ (1 P) ► Ilocano people ‎ (91 P) ► Filipino people of Indian descent ‎ (3 C, 26 P) ► Filipino people of Indonesian descent ‎ (1 C, 3 P) ► Filipino people of Iranian descent ‎ (1 C, 7 P) ► Filipino people of Irish descent ‎ (1 C, 24 P) ► Filipino people of Italian descent ‎ (1 C, 23 P) J ► Filipino people of Jamaican descent ‎ (4 P) ► Filipino people of Japanese descent ‎ (4 C, 37 P) ► Filipino people of Jewish descent ‎ (8 P) ► Filipino people of Jordanian descent ‎ (1 P) K ► Filipino people of Kapampangan descent ‎ (20 P) ► Kapampangan people ‎ (3 C, 99 P) ► Filipino people of Korean descent ‎ (3 C, 5 P) ► Filipino people of Kurdish descent ‎ (1 P) ► Filipino people of Kuwaiti descent ‎ (2 P) L ► Filipino people of Latvian descent ‎ (1 P) ► Filipino people of Lebanese descent ‎ (7 P) M ► Filipino people of Malaysian descent ‎ (3 P) ► Filipino people of Mexican descent ‎ (2 C, 13 P) ► Filipino people of Moroccan descent ‎ (2 P) N ► Filipino people of New Zealand descent ‎ (1 C) ► Filipino people of Nigerian descent ‎ (1 C, 5 P) ► Filipino people of Norwegian descent ‎ (3 P) O ► Filipino people of Oceanian descent ‎ (5 C) P ► Filipino people of Pakistani descent ‎ (3 C, 1 P) ► Filipino people of Panamanian descent ‎ (1 P) ► Filipino people of Polish descent ‎ (6 P) ► Filipino people of Portuguese descent ‎ (5 P) ► Filipino people of Puerto Rican descent ‎ (2 P) R ► Filipino people of Russian descent ‎ (2 P) S ► Filipino people of Samoan descent ‎ (1 C) ► Filipino people of Saudi Arabian descent ‎ (2 P) ► Filipino people of South Asian descent ‎ (3 C) ► Filipino people of South Korean descent ‎ (2 C) ► Filipino people of Spanish descent ‎ (5 C, 248 P) ► Filipino people of Sri Lankan descent ‎ (1 P) ► Filipino people of Swiss descent ‎ (15 P) T ► Tagalog people ‎ (35 P) ► Filipino people of Tongan descent ‎ (2 P) V ► Filipino people of Vietnamese descent ‎ (2 C, 1 P) ► Visayan people ‎ (1 C, 247 P) Y ► Filipino people of Yoruba descent ‎ (1 P) Retrieved from ' https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Filipino_people_by_ethnic_or_national_origin&oldid=757239221 ' Categories : Filipino people People by ethnic or national origin Asian people by ethnic or national origin Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged in Talk Contributions Create account Log in Namespaces Category Talk Variants Views Read Edit View history More Search Navigation Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Donate to Wikipedia Wikipedia store Interaction Help About Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact page Tools What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Wikidata item Print/export Create a book Download as PDF Printable version Languages العربية Español Frysk Kapampangan مصرى 日本語 ไทย Türkçe اردو Tiếng Việt Edit links This page was last edited on 29 December 2016, at 16:17. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License . additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy . Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization. Privacy policy About Wikipedia Disclaimers Contact Wikipedia Developers Cookie statement Mobile view



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  FilipinoFilipinaHeart.com | Filipina Women for Marriage Skip to content FilipinoFilipinaHeart.com Filipina Women for Marriage Menu and widgets Meet Filipina ladies now. ♥ ♥ ♥ Meet Filipino Women Filipino women in New York Filipino women in Los Angeles Filipino women in Florida Filipino women in Texas Filipino women in London Filipino women in Dubai Filipino women in Kuwait Filipino women in UAE Filipino ... Filipina Women for Marriage Menu and widgets Meet Filipina ladies now. ♥ ♥ ♥ Meet Filipino Women Filipino women in New York Filipino women in Los Angeles Filipino women in Florida Filipino women in Texas Filipino women in London Filipino women in Dubai Filipino women in Kuwait Filipino women in UAE Filipino women in the UK Filipino women in Canada Filipino women in Australia Filipino women in NZ Filipino women in Japan Filipino women in Hong Kong Filipino women in Singapore Filipino women CACHE

FilipinoFilipinaHeart.com | Filipina Women for Marriage Skip to content FilipinoFilipinaHeart.com Filipina Women for Marriage Menu and widgets Meet Filipina ladies now. ♥ ♥ ♥ Meet Filipino Women Filipino women in New York Filipino women in Los Angeles Filipino women in Florida Filipino women in Texas Filipino women in London Filipino women in Dubai Filipino women in Kuwait Filipino women in UAE Filipino women in the UK Filipino women in Canada Filipino women in Australia Filipino women in NZ Filipino women in Japan Filipino women in Hong Kong Filipino women in Singapore Filipino women in Bahrain Filipino women in South Korea Filipino women in Qatar Filipino women in S. 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Filipino women in Indiana, USA. Filipino women in Iowa, USA. Filipino women in Kansas, USA. Filipino women in Kentucky, USA. Filipino women in Louisiana, USA. Filipino women in Maine, USA. Filipino women in Maryland, USA. Filipino women in Massachusetts, USA. Filipino women in Michigan, USA. Filipino women in Minnesota, USA. Filipino women in Mississippi, USA. Filipino women in Missouri, USA. Filipino women in Montana, USA. Filipino women in Nebraska, USA. Filipino women in Nevada, USA. Filipino Girls New Hampshire, USA. Filipino women in New Jersey, USA. Filipino women in New Mexico, USA. Filipino women in New York, USA. Filipino women in North Carolina, USA. Filipino women in North Dakota, USA. Filipino women in Ohio, USA. Filipino women in Oklahoma, USA. Filipino women in Oregon, USA. Filipino women in Pennsylvania, USA. Filipino women in Rhode Island, USA. Filipino women in South Carolina, USA. Filipino women in South Dakota, USA. Filipino women in Tennessee, USA. Filipino women in Texas, USA. Filipino women in Utah, USA. Filipino women in Vermont, USA. Filipino women in Virginia, USA. Filipino women in Washington, USA. Filipino women in West Virginia, USA. Filipino women in Wisconsin, USA. Filipino women in Wyoming, USA. Recent Posts What Do Filipino Women Look For in a Man? Why White Male and Asian Female Relationships Are So Criticized? How Is It Like For A Foreigner Marrying A Filipino Girl? Do Filipino Girls Get Jealous Too Easily? Why Americans And Other Foreigners Love To Marry Filipinas As Their Wife And Partner? Why Are Thai And Filipina Women Always Compared? Do Women In The Philippines See A Difference In Dating An American Born Filipino And Someone Born In The Philippines? 12 Tips For A Foreigner Who Want To Marry A Filipino Woman Categories Asian Dating Asian Girls China Chinese Dating Dating Online Filipina Filipina Chat Filipina Dating Filipina Girl Filipina Heart Filipina Women Filipino Filipino Culture Filipino Filipina Philippines Filipino Woman Japan Japanese Korean Marry A Filipina Online Dating Philippines Singapore Thailand Travel Tags advice asian asian dating best wedding photographers chat dating Dating Online destination wedding photographers event management event manager event planner events coordinator filipina filipina dating filipina girls filipina women filipino filipino girls filipino women Leisure love marriage online dating philippines relationships romance Self Improvement society teambuilding team building activities team building ideas top wedding photographers travel travel guides travel news travel tips vacations wedding album wedding dress wedding photographers wedding photos wedding pictures wedding planning ideas wedding theme women What Are Filipino Women Like? Understanding what are Filipino women like is very important if you are planning a trip to the Philippines or simply desiring to increase your network of friends to include Filipinos. Filipinos, the women especially, are an interesting lot. They have plenty to offer behind the “morena complexion” and “chinita eyes” they are known for. Meet Filipina women from the Philippines at www.filipinakisses.com . So what are Filipino , women like? Well, it depends on where they are born or raised. Scores of years ago, there is not much distinction between Filipino girls from the provinces and those from the mega cities. They were (or most of them, that is) described to be reserved, shy, and conservative. But city girls nowadays have become liberated, pretty much like those girls in Western countries. You can see it in the way they dress (fashionable, chic, and trendy) and the way they carry themselves (confident, sure of themselves). The modern Filipinas, especially those from the city areas are not afraid to speak their mind. They are well-educated which partly explains why they are good communicators, in speech and in writing. They have the ability to speak English well, way better than those from the neighboring countries. Contributing to this ability is the fact that the Philippines was for a time been under American influence. Filipinos from the provinces are more laid-back in almost all aspects. But it does not mean that they are less interesting. If Filipino women from the big cities will entertain you by taking you to bars and their glitzy night life, Filipino women from the province will take you to see their lakes, beaches, gardens, markets, old churches, and everything else that will make you feel you are in the Philippines. In the province you’ll be closer to nature, and with a Filipina as your guide, you’ll love it even more. Meet Filipina women from the Philippines at www.filipinakisses.com . Filipino women (both from the city and the province) are generally hospitable. They will make you feel welcome in the best way they can. They’ll go the extra mile to attend to your needs, even though that means more inconvenience on their part. But you are not to abuse this hospitality one bit nor are you to think that their being so suggests that they are opening up to you, that they are interested in you. Their attending to your needs is part of their nature. it does not mean anything. If you want to go into an intimate relationship with a Filipina you need to work hard on it rather than take advantage of her hospitality. Winning her heart can be a challenging experience and one thing you should never do is to play around with her feelings. To a Filipina, foreign men can’t be all that serious, and you have to prove her wrong. Make her feel that she’s the only “apple in your eyes”. Pamper her, make her feel like a queen, and most importantly, respect her. Respect her views, her religion, her family, her very self because these are important to her. All these things that describe what are Filipino women like, you must keep in mind if you are serious of befriending a Filipina and eventually marrying her. Featured Posted on March 21, 2012 August 23, 2015 Author filipinofilipinaheart Categories Filipino Filipina Philippines Tags asian dating , filipina , filipina dating , filipina girl , filipina girls , filipina woman , filipina women , filipinas , filipino , filipino women , online dating , philippines , what are filipino women like Why Filipinas Make The Best Wives If you are exploring your options when it comes to marriage, one thing you will want to discover for yourself is why Filipinas make the best wives. You are considering, among several other Asian women, perhaps, a Filipina for a wife, and you want to be sure with your choice as there is no more turning back once you have made a decision. Marriage, for you, is a lifetime commitment, after all. Meet Filipina women from the Philippines at www.filipinakisses.com . Why have a Filipina for a wife? Well, for one thing, Filipinas know how to speak English. Some of them may not be fluent speakers of English but they can manage to bring their message across, breaking down communication barriers. Communication is very important in any relationship, but most especially in cross-cultural relationships. Marriage itself is a crisis situation and you would not want to make your adjustment more difficult than it already is. You’d certainly be glad to have the communication problem off your back, and with a Filipina wife, you might just be able to keep it off, after all. Aside from the fact that Filipino women can speak English (and do it pretty well), carrying on a conversation with them can both be fun and inspiring. Filipino women are easy to talk to and get along with. A Filipina can make you feel so at ease it’s as if you’ve known each other for years, and this is very important in marriage. As you know, life isn’t always a bed of roses, and you’ll definitely want someone you can share your troubles with, someone who can pull you back on earth when you are going out of reality, someone who can dream with you and help you reach your dreams, someone who will stand by you for better and for worse. So besides the spark and the passion, you have to work on being comfortable with each other, to be friends with each other, so to speak, in order to make your relationship work and your marriage last a lifetime. Meet Filipina women from the Philippines at www.filipinakisses.com . Generally, Filipino women are known to be hospitable, too, which can mean several things, such as that they have a loving nature and a caring quality. It’s precisely because of these qualities that Filipino women are hailed in their home country and abroad. With a Filipina caring for you, you will not go hungry. With love, she will prepare your morning coffee and breakfast, tend to your home, and your children while you are at work. Filipino women make good household managers. They have the ability to organize stuff and their time so as to be able to get as many things done as possible. If you are looking for someone who can love you “till death do you part” and who can take care of you even in your old age, set your sights on a Filipino woman because that someone can only come from the Philippines. Physically, Filipina women are fairly attractive. They are blessed with appealing “chinita eyes” and tanned complexion that the “whites” are so envious of and men scampering to justify why indeed Filipinas make the best wives. Featured Posted on March 19, 2012 August 23, 2015 Author filipinofilipinaheart Categories Filipino Filipina Philippines Tags asian dating , filipina , filipina dating , filipina girl , filipina girls , filipina wives , filipina woman , filipina women , filipinas , filipino , online dating , philippines , why filipinas make the best wives What Do Filipino Women Look For in a Man? Filipino women have varied tastes when it comes to men. If you think they all go for the “tall, dark, and handsome” guy, think again. For lots of Filipino women, it’s more important that their men have brains and good character. So, if you want to better your chances with a Filipino women, make sure you have some, if not all of these qualities: Meet Filipina women from the Philippines at www.filipinakisses.com . 1) Smart . This does not mean you have to be bookish or geeky. You don’t even have to be a genius to get a Filipino girl’s attention (although, so what if you are, right? That can work to your favor if you know how to play your cards right). But to a Filipino woman, it’s important that you have enough common sense. To her, that’s being smart. 2) Funny . Who doesn’t want a man who can make a woman laugh out loud? If you have what it takes to tickle her funny bones, you stand a great chance of winning her heart. But if being funny does not come naturally to you, don’t try too hard. That can be a huge turn-off. Well, of course it doesn’t mean, you can’t try to be funny at all. Some jokes can be learned, after all, but don’t sound as if you have copy-pasted your lines from somewhere. You have to deliver them spontaneously and naturally. For many Filipino women,guys who are funny are sexy. 3) Romantic . Yes, you have to show off your romantic side if you want to get serious with a Filipino woman. Some Filipino women love their men to be “fearless” when showing their love and affection, but others hate public displays of affection. Either way, you have to let your woman know that you think of her constantly. Now, this is where your creativity will show. You can send her love messages, surprise her with visits and little gifts, and so on. 4) Independent . Filipino women are not damsels in distress. nonetheless, they would certainly want their men to be independent, men who could stand on their own feet, men who could defend them, men who could be their partners in raising a family. It goes to say that men pursuing Filipino women must be financially stable and emotionally mature. Meet Filipina women from the Philippines at www.filipinakisses.com . 5) Respectful . Respect is a virtue that’s highly regarded and desired in a country like the Philippines. Respect can be shown in different ways: * addressing the elderly accordingly * calling people by their names * dressing appropriately * not forcing your girl to do what only you want under the circumstances * not saying mean things but instead criticisizing constructively * not abusive of one’s own body (doesn’t drink or smoke excessively) * does not hurt, physically and emotionally, his girl 6) Doesn’t gamble . Gambling can reduce one’s fortune in seconds. The gambler will not stop until all the family’s fortune is lost. Filipino women who think about their future will not want to go into a relationship with a gambler. 7) Family-oriented . Filipino women are by nature family-oriented. They value their family more than anything in the world. If you want a Filipina for a wife, you must not only learn to embrace and welcome her family (her parents, grandparents, sisters, brothers, and so on) but be ready also of the responsibilities that come with being a husband to her. You must make your family with her your priority. Spend quality time with her and your children with her. And always see to it that their needs (financial and otherwise) are met fully. 8) God-Fearing . Many Filipino women are raised as Catholics, hence they are God-fearing, and as such they would wish the men in their life to be God-fearing also. Even if you are not a Catholic, do show your respect to her religion while practicing your own faith. So, do you think you have all these qualities that Filipino women look for in a man? Well, then, start looking for a Filipina woman who can give more meaning to your life.